A tropical cyclone is an intense circular storm that originates from a warm tropical ocean with low atmospheric pressure , high winds and strong precipitation. A cyclone keeps its strength as long as it stays over warm water. These are also called hurricanes and typhoons in other parts of the world, depending on the region from which they originated. Based on their moving intensity, there are 5 categories with such storms ranging from category 1 being the least damaging to category 5 being the most severe.
The Indian subcontinent, as we talk of India, is one of the worst hit areas of the world. The subcontinent with an 8041 kilometer long coastline is exposed to nearly 10 per cent of tropical cyclones around the world. Of these, most have their initial genesis over the Bay of Bengal and strike on India’s east coast. Each year, on average, five to six tropical cyclones form, two or three of which can be severe. The Bay of Bengal has more cyclones than the Arabian Sea, and the ratio is about 4:1. In this article we’ll think about some of the cyclones that ravaged India ‘s coastal life.
Amphan(pronounced dead as Um-Pun) is the latest cyclone which hit the Indian subcontinent’s eastern coast. Thailand called the cyclone, it originated over the Bay of Bengal and later intensified from a ‘Very Severe Cyclonic Storm’ (VSCS) to the category ‘Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (ESCS). Winds rage at an hourly speed of 270 km. It is the world’s second-most powerful tropical cyclone. West Bengal and Odisha regions are seriously affected. So far, Amphan has killed 72 people and has displaced thousands from their homes.
Fani was Indian Subcontinent’s second strongest tropical cyclone. The cyclone, known as Extreme Cyclonic Storm (ESCS), in Bangladesh. Fani originated on 26 April 2019 from a tropical depression in the Indian Ocean west of Sumatra. Up to 250 kilometers per hour were achieved. The storm took 89 lives and damaged a lot of billions of property.
Titli was born in the Bay of Bengal and in the second week of October 2018 struck the East coast of India. Pakistan called Titli. It was a VSCS cyclone with wind speeds of up to 150 kilometers per hour. This Cyclone has been considered the rarest because of the characteristics of its recurrent afterland and the maintenance of its destructive ability for more than two days after land and recurrence from the coastal areas.
On the Andman Sea on the 6th of October 2014 Hudhud was originated from a low pressure system. Later, it became a very serious cyclone storm. After the bird of Israel, Oman gave the name of the cyclone. The strength of winds reached 185 km / h. Andhra Pradesh was the most affected region. Because of the cyclone, the total number of deaths in both countries was 124 in Nepal.
The wind speed reached 260 km per hour and was the cyclone of the most destructive category. Phailin was born on 4 October 2013 in the Gulf of Thailand, then moved to Bengal Bay. Thailand gave the word. The worst patient was Odisha. 260 billion rupees were destroyed by Phailin and 45 people died.