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AI Engineer asks what’s the difference between TensorFlow 1.0 and Tensorflow 2.0



AI Engineer asks what’s the difference between TensorFlow 1.0 and Tensorflow 2.0
The new version of TensorFlow created a furor amid Deep learning enthusiasts, but was there are a difference? Keep reading to know

Since the day Google had released TensorFlow 1.0 in 2017, it gained immediate popularity with machine learning engineers as one of the open-source machine learning libraries. However, two years later, when Google launched its updated version – TensorFlow 2.0 on 30th September 2019 – the entire AI community went into a frenzy.

With AI Engineers around the world debating about the differences between TensorFlow 1.0 and TensorFlow 2.0, it became important to understand the differences between the two.

But before we delve into the differences between the two let’s have a look at some of the TensorFlow facts –

  • With TensorFlow, almost all the genres of industries were transformed including banking, healthcare, agriculture, pharma to name a few
  • TensorFlow had played a pivotal role in enabling organizations to leverage AI and thus make their services or products better than before
  • Talk about being an apple of somebody’s eyes, well TensorFlow quickly became one for almost all the industry biggies including LinkedIn, Twitter, PayPal to name a few
  • Tensor Flow’s use cases – sentiment analysis, object, and video detection, including image and speech recognition

These were the reasons why TensorFlow 1.0 became such a hit with deep learning enthusiasts. However, there were some loopholes in this renowned open-source ML library, which usually made AI Engineers turn toward other high-level options like PyTorch and Keras.

So again what is the difference between the two?

According to the TensorFlow team, there is no battle between the two versions as TensorFlow 2.0 is an updated version of TensorFlow 2.0.

The makers of TensorFlow have worked diligently on all the drawbacks of TensorFlow 1.0. They had liaised with AI engineers and deep learning enthusiasts to understand the problem areas and then went to work on them. Result: TensorFlow 2.0 – a smarter, a better, and definitely an easier version of TensorFlow 1.0.

Since TensorFlow 1.0 was significantly difficult to understand thus complex to use, the updated version i.e. TensorFlow 2.0 was comparatively easier and simpler.

The real picture behind the up-gradation of TensorFlow 1.0!

The exhausting code of TensorFlow baffled both AI experts and deep learning beginners.

Reason: the coding logic being entirely different from the other available libraries. Result: Other higher-level packages like Keras and Pytorch gained popularity.

Interestingly, both Keras and TensorFlow are open-source and though in 2017 Keras was incorporated into TensorFlow, TensorFlow was losing its popularity at the top speed.

However, when TensorFlow 2.0 came into the picture in 2019 things begin to change for this open-source ML library. It was the new avatar of old TensorFlow with some of the features intact and others simplified – old wine in a new bottle – was what came to the minds of AI engineers around the world.

So what was changed or tweaked?

Here’s what happened!

As mentioned earlier, the difficulty to understand the coding of TensorFlow was baffling deep learning enthusiasts, so the makers simplified the coding process.

Was it that easy?

Well, not really! There were other aspects as well.

One of the reasons TensorFlow 2.0 is better than its previous version is that the developers instead of creating their own high-level syntax borrowed it from Keras. Yes, the result was – the versatility of Tensorflow 1.0 and Keras’ simplicity.

Now, that it is clear why TensorFlow 2.0 is a better version of its older self, let’s have a look at some of the major differences between the two.

  • TensorFlow 2.0 has Keras as its high-level API – easier for beginners to start with TensorFlow
  • TensorFlow 2.0 is compatible with the entire TensorFlow ecosystem —  TensorFlow Lite, TensorFlow.js, and TensorFlow Extended to name a few
  • In the current version, APIs have either moved or have been replaced with their updated versions
  • TensorFlow 2.0 is for both experts and beginners and offers an amazing experience for advanced level users.

With all these upgradation it is not surprising that TensorFlow 2.0 has replaced its previous version and became popular with both beginners and experts as well.

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What Do Students Think About Online Learning?



online learning

There is no doubt about the perks and charms of human interaction. Schools, tuitions are the primary faces of our lives where we make lots of friends and memories. But the amount of comfort and convenience that is offered by online learning platforms is tremendous. Nevertheless, many students find it not very convincing while some find it the best.

While online schooling and learning are raging and gaining popularity, it is vital to know what students feel about it. Their opinions and ideas are important as they are the subject of the matter here.

A section of students believe that curriculum and extra-curricular activities together form an educational platform, and without either they are incomplete -well they are not wrong. Some students love engaging physically and mentally and for overall development it is crucial to be active in both types of activities. Online learning has indeed limited the scope of students to only mental studies. So this segment of students has a dicey opinion. They do find it helpful but also are not very convinced with it.

The other section of students finds it very helpful, especially those whose main focus is on studies and are toppers of every subject. For them it is an amazing mode of learning, they get to learn from the comfort of their homes. And they luckily don’t have to indulge in physical activities that they either loathe or assume it to be not a good use of time. 

The third section who are active in sports and not very interested in bookish studies and so completely loathe this mode, no wonder they do not get the opportunity to play sports, win competitions and marathons but just have to be seated in one place study for hours. These students do not find this is very practical but do believe that it is applicable in times of emergency and urgency.

This is how one can segment the idea of online learning from the perspective of students of different interests. But a very common impression of online learning that students have is about the time and cost convenience it delivers. The regular schedule of students involves rushing to schools and the tuition centre in time. But road traffic, a broken vehicle can cause delay.

Students do enjoy the new schedule where they do not have to rush for their classes and can attend them without much hassle.

Overall if the opinions of the students are considered students do not completely disregard it as an alternative learning mode. Rather in certain situations like when one needs to avail for an extra course or tuition or in this pandemic era when human interaction is fatal, the mode of online learning has been proven a relief that will not halt the progress of education- both students and teachers are aptly convinced with online learning.

Tuitions are extremely fruitful for a student’s academic progress, extra lectures help grasp concepts better. Online tuitions in this digital world have been substantiated as a perfect mode of learning for kids who have technology rooted in them. Brilliant Tutions serves as an excellent model of online tuition and learning mode where your child learns from quality educators, receive guidance from prominent mentors for personality development. 

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Drugs Concerta vs. Ritalin | Clozaril drug side effects




Concerta and Ritalin treat ADHD, whereas Clozaril treats schizophrenia. This article talks about Concerta vs. Ritalin and also about Clozaril’s side effects.

Concerta vs. Ritalin

Stimulant drugs such as Concerta and Ritalin are prescribed to manage attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. They’re both methylphenidate hydrochloride, and they’re both different brand forms of the same medication. Although both of these drugs have a collective impact on the brain, the intensity, dosage, and duration of treatment vary.

Click here to know more about Concerta, Ritalin and more similar medicines

Concerta vs. Ritalin 

Stimulants are one of the most widely used ADHD medications. Motivations are effective in treating the disease in 70% of adults, according to the Cleveland Clinic. For 70 to 80 % of kids with ADHD, they are also successful.

Stimulants including Concerta and Ritalin reduce trembling, impulsivity, limited attention span, and other symptoms.

Stimulants, considering their name, have a relaxing impact on the brain. They function by raising dopamine and norepinephrine concentrations in the brain. These chemicals influence ADHD.

The main ingredient in Concerta and Ritalin is the same, but they function in distinct manners. Concerta is a long-acting medication that gradually raises dopamine levels. It implies that you just require to take it once a day. All-day symptom remedy Concerta operates for ten to twelve hours as per the Cleveland Clinic.

Since symptoms usually improve over time, it’s better to take this drug first thing every morning. By the end of the day, the impact could have worn off.

Ritalin, on the other hand, is an instantaneous, short-acting drug. This indicates that it has a swift effect on your body. It quite immediately raises dopamine and norepinephrine amounts. Ritalin is perfect for patients who require immediate symptom relief. Doctors prescribe to take Ritalin 2 to 3 times a day as it does not work and Concerta. To ensure that your body wholly absorbed 

the drug, take it 45 minutes before meals. 

The long-acting Concerta has a consistent, controlled release, while Ritalin releases more rapidly, and the amount drops between drugs. This causes the blood pressure to have more hills and valleys. Many patients respond better to Concerta’s slow release, while others can want Ritalin’s faster action.


Clozapine is an uncommon antipsychotic drug marketed under the brand names Clozaril and others. Doctors typically recommend it after attempting some antipsychotic medications for patients who have schizophrenia. It can reduce the risk of suicidal behaviour in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective illness.

It is much more beneficial than traditional antipsychotics,[clarification needed], specifically in treatment-resistant patients. Patients can take it orally or as an injection into a muscle.

Read more about Clozaril drugs at Get legal.

Side effects of Clozaril

Drooling, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, lightheadedness, tremor (shaking), vision issues (such as blurred vision), bowel problems, and weight gain are possible side effects. As the body adjusts to the drug, many of these side effects (especially sleepiness) fade. Consult the doctor right away if any of these side effects continue or worsen.

Precautions to take while using Clozaril

Consume dietary fibre, drink plenty of fluids, and exercise to avoid constipation. You may also include the use of a laxative.

Consult your pharmacist to determine which laxative is best for you.

Keep in mind that the doctor-approved this drug because he or she believes the advantage to you outweighs the incidence of side effects. The majority of people who take this drug do not experience any significant side effects.

This medication can cause your blood sugar to rise infrequently, which can lead to or intensify diabetes. If you have signs of elevated blood sugar, like increased thirst or urination, call your doctor right away. If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar as instructed and inform the doctor of the results. Doctors can modify your diabetes medicine, exercise regimen, or diet.


Concerta vs. Ritalin: The main ingredient in Concerta and Ritalin is the same, but they function differently. Concerta is a long-acting medication that gradually raises dopamine levels. Ritalin is an instantaneous, short-acting drug. 

Clozapine is an uncommon antipsychotic drug marketed under the brand names Clozaril and others. It is much more beneficial than traditional antipsychotics, specifically in treatment-resistant patients. It is used to treat patients who have schizophrenia.

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Top 5 Best Psychic Websites for Online Psychics



When you have a nagging problem or question that just won’t go away, it is appropriate to reach out for help. Some problems or situations, though, just don’t lend themselves to normal solutions. It could be a spiritual concern or a recent behavior change from your beloved pet or a relationship issue that is keeping you up at night. In these situations, a talented psychic or a person who offers the best Tarot reading might be your safest bet. Still, you want to make sure you are in the hands of a reliable psychic who has real skills.

You can get some reassurance by looking at sites that rate psychics and the readings they give. This will give you a sense of the professionalism of a company that catches your eye. After all, there are charlatans in all fields, so it makes sense to protect yourself. By engaging with clairvoyants, card readers and mediums that have developed their skills, you open yourself up to an amazing experience. It is one path for addressing the challenges in your life.

How To Find A Match With An Online Psychic?

Different psychics excel in different fields. There are talented spiritual psychics as well as those who focus their abilities on connecting with animals. The first thing to consider is the specialty of the psychic you wish to connect with. You can choose from many possibilities:

  • Clairvoyants
  • Inspirational psychics
  • Pet psychics
  • Accurate psychics
  • Mediums
  • Tarot readers

The next step is to find a person you feel comfortable with. You can rely on reviews to learn as much as possible, or you can set up a brief session. When chatting online or by phone with a psychic you will quickly learn your level of compatibility. If the person meets your needs, you can schedule more time. If the session does not go well, it is probably time to head in another direction.

A quality customer service department can be of assistance, too. If you have a bad reading, just reach out to a representative and they should be able to give you a refund or a credit. They also have experience with psychic readings; after asking a few questions, they can often recommend the best psychic for your needs.

How To Tell If Psychic Reviews Are Honest?

When looking for the best psychics for your situation, pay attention to the entire package. Is a company offering something too good to be true? Do you have a sense of dishonesty from a website, or do you feel the company is out to help you achieve happiness and serenity? If you see claims that promise rewards, riches, guaranteed love and more, you can probably deduce that this operation is not ethical.

The goal of professional psychics is to provide you with some insight into your life. The most popular psychics build a solid rapport with their clients and practice honesty and empathy. Sometimes it is the small things that lead to positive steps forward.  Now might be the best time for you to reach out for a quality psychic reading.

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Understanding the Risk Maturity Model in ERM



risk maturity

Risk management is increasingly being viewed as a fundamental and strategic process by businesses of all sizes to ensure not only profitability and compliance with legislation, but also long-term sustainability and continuity. 

In this article, we will explain what risk management maturity is, how to assess it, and what questions the company should ask to determine where it stands in terms of this method. 

Risk Maturity Models 

This term refers to an organization’s level of risk management readiness, or the information it has about the mechanism and how it is implemented. Risk management maturity, in general, helps businesses to assess how well they handle the various risks to which they are exposed. What is more, why is it necessary to know where you stand in terms of risk management maturity? It is critical because it allows you to see what is working and what is not, and then structure and develop steps to get to the highest level of risk management maturity possible. 

Models of risk management maturity 

There are a variety of models that can be used to assess an organization’s risk management maturity. Here are a few examples: 

Maturity of Risk Index 

It was founded in 2011 by Aon and the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School. Based on the assessment of activities relevant to corporate governance and decision-making, this index helps managers, executives, and risk practitioners in general to define which are the key areas of their risk management process. 

The following ten characteristics are taken into account in this assessment suggested by Aon and The Wharton School Risk Maturity Index: 

  • At the board level, understanding and dedication to risk management is a key element in making decisions and driving value. 
  • A senior executive who directs and supports the implementation of key processes and risk management strategies. 
  • Risk communication that is transparent. 
  • At all levels of the company, a risk culture that promotes full engagement and transparency. 
  • Using internal and external data and information, identify current and emerging risks. 
  • Participation of key stakeholders in the implementation of a risk management plan and policy formulation.
  • Information on organizational and financial risks is gathered and formally incorporated into the decision-making process.
  • Information on organizational and financial risks is gathered and formally incorporated into the decision-making process. 
  • Integration of risk management data with human resource systems to promote long-term business success. 
  • To understand risk and show added benefit by risk management, sophisticated quantification approaches are used. 
  • Shift the attention away from avoiding and minimizing risks and toward leveraging risk and risk control strategies that add value. 

The maturity level of the organization is measured on a scale of 1 to 5 based on the information gathered: 

Level 1 or initial risk identification and mitigation: the company recognizes and mitigates threats on its own. The risk management mechanism has a restricted scope. 

Level 2 or fundamental: the organization’s main threats are poorly understood, managed, and monitored. Risk management capabilities are minimal, and the knowledge available on this method is ad hoc. 

Level 3 or defined: the organization addresses its main risks, has the tools to evaluate, control, and track them, but there may be anomalies within the organization. 

Level 4 or operational: the organization’s key threats are identified, and activities to mitigate them are carried out regularly. Information on risk control is specifically considered when making decisions. 

The company has a high capacity to classify, assess, control, and track its threats at level 5 or higher. Risk management is a dynamic mechanism that adapts to changes, as well as a process that offers competitive advantages. 

Auditors’ measurement model 

Basil Orsini, the Director of Internal Audit for the Department of Human Resources in Canada at the time, established it in 2002. The calculation of risk management maturity in this model is based on five key aspects: 

  • It is all about the culture. 
  • Leadership and dedication are required. 
  • Organizational systems integration. 
  • Skills in risk control. 
  • Monitor and report. 

The maturity levels defined based on the evaluations conducted for each of these points are: 

Incipient: no structured risk management mechanism has been introduced, and there is no deliberate recognition or control of these risks. 

Known: despite the existence of a structured risk management system, its administration is fragmented, decentralized, and insufficiently trained. 

Defined: the risk management system in place is followed, and policies and procedures involving the entire company are in place. 

Managed: risk management has been properly established, and the organization’s risk tolerance has been clearly defined. Risk management is integrated into the corporate culture, and metrics for continuous assessment and control are in place. 

Questions to ask to determine the level of risk management maturity. 

When undertaking an evaluation to determine how risk management is implemented in the enterprise, which must be considered a critical component of all processes, it is critical to consider a variety of questions that cover the most important aspects, such as the government, the management process, personnel, technology, risk appetite, policies and procedures, and so on. 

These questions will help you determine the company’s risk management maturity level. The highest level (advanced or optimized) should be aspired to because it demonstrates that risk management is developed in an organized, comprehensive, and timely manner, involving all members of the organization’s staff, and thus it is possible to meet strategic goals and maintain long-term business continuity. 

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How to Find the Prime Factorization of a Number?



Prime Factorization of a Number

Prime numbers are one of the most important concepts of mathematics, and it has numerous applications in the real world such as cryptography, card security and so on. In Mathematics, every number is made up by multiplying prime numbers. We can find out what prime numbers make an original number by using prime factorization.

Prime Factorisation is an interesting concept. It lets you find the factors of a number. In fact, each and every number is a product of its prime. The concept of prime factorization of a number is quite simple. Once students get accustomed to the concept, they enjoy solving it. In this blog, we will cover the topic of prime factorization and list out various interesting ways to find the factors of a given number.

Let’s dive in then!

Prime Factorization – Definition

The process of finding out the prime numbers which make an original number is known as prime factorization. We can find the prime factorization of a given number by various methods. Prime Factorisation is basically performed on composite numbers in order to find its prime factors. It is also used in finding the LCM  ( Least Common Multiple ) and the HCF or GCF ( Highest or Greatest Common Factor.

In this blog, we will go through some of these methods in order to get a crystal clear understanding of the concept of Prime Factorisation.

Methods to Find Prime Factorization

Division Method

In this method, we find out the prime factors of a given number by using the following steps :

  • Step – 1: We first divide the given number by the smallest prime number, which divides this number exactly. E.g. 320/2 = 160
  • Step- 2: Now, we need to divide this quotient by the smallest prime number. Following the above example, we now have 160/2 = 90
  • Step 3: We now repeat step-2 until the quotient is one. (Upon following this, we get six times the multiple of 2 and one time 5)
  • Step 4: We can now see all the prime factors in multiples. i.e. 320 = 26 x 5

Factor Tree Method

In order to find the prime factorization by factor tree method, we need to follow the following steps:

  • Step 1: The first step is imagination. You need to imagine this number as a root of a tree. Let’s assume the number is 24.
  • Step 2: Now write down any two factors of that tree. The pair of factors needs to be listed below the number which we considered as the root of that tree. The pair of composite factors for 24, in this case, is 6 and 4
  • Step 3: The listed two factors of the given number needs to factorize. Once you factorize the given number, list down the composite factors below the factors. Upon factorization of 6 and 4, we get its factors (2,3) and (2,2) respectively.
  • Step 4: Step-3 is repeated until we find the prime factors of the composite numbers in the above steps. From our example, we do not need any further factorization as per our example as we have already got the product of primes.

The factor tree method is simple and fun! You just need to find two composite factors of a number and the rest steps follow through. I hope you enjoyed learning Prime Factorisation with the help of these methods. Cuemath is an online learning platform that helps you understand these methods with the help of visual tools that can help you develop rock-solid concepts.

I hope this blog helped you understand how to find the prime factorization of a given number. Remember, regular practice of these methods can be beneficial in the long run as it gives you a speed boost and keeps you way ahead in the game! Happy Learning.

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Enjoy a Defined Career with Endless Benefits by Enrolling into this Career Oriented Program!



Why are leadership skills important in education?

Every form of education targets some form of knowledge in different ways. Short-term training programs address the needs of a section that aspires to gain career growth after completing their graduation. Career-oriented courses make the transition from academics to professionalism much smooth, where the prospects are trained well to be tested in the real world.

If you are passionate about focusing on skill development through career oriented courses after graduation, HCL’s First Career is for you. The course aims to improve performance and define career growth.

The youth of India can brace up to enjoy freedom immediately after college. With a 360-degree structure, this career oriented course focuses on developing and empowering new college graduates who look for varied opportunities.

First Career’s module vests in trainees and train them with practical skills and knowledge needed for a professional kick-start. The short career training program also pays due focus on technical and soft skills. Expert guidance is diverted for better skill development to adapt to industry standards. The diverse training extends beyond theory to focus on the practical application of fundamentals, offering best-in-class, skill-based training programs for entry-level jobs in the IT sector.

The HCL First Careers program is beyond training, and the benefits last with the trainees even after years. The course is open to viable opportunities for professional growth that otherwise takes months to build.

Fresher’s program

The First Careers program for Fresher Engineers is designed for entry-level jobs at HCL. During the six-month training, candidates undergo extensive classroom training offered virtually and three months of professional practice. They work on global projects and deal with real-life clients. This is done under expert guidance which lets the trainees learn from those who have experience in the industry to find solutions in the best possible way.

Graduate Program: 

HCL First Career program vests in graduates and prepares them for non-technical and other relevant job roles for entry-level positions at HCL. The program ventures into numerous career tracks, which the trainees can choose as per their interest while choosing any career option in line with their expectations and career growth plans. The program keenly identifies their potential and trains them to succeed as employees in the IT sector.

Trainees completing the program are placed in HCL in job roles across departments like Application Development, Testing, IT Maintenance and support, etc.

Besides adding skills, such as training, it boosts confidence and offers benefits to sustain fierce competition. Below are some potential benefits discussed of the training program that presents the course in the most convincible way:

Maintain professional form: By investing time and interest in training, candidates get exposure to new ideas that keep them prepared to face day-to-day operational challenges.

Distinction and Eligibility over others: Organizations always prefer to hire candidates with distinction and quality who value their goals. Training programs empower you to qualify for better jobs.

Professional approach for Client servicing: Professional courses impart training for best communication in the best possible way to engage with global clients.

Job Roles: Training programs open paths for candidates to work in better job roles in prestigious organizations and areas like Application and Infrastructure support, testing, and CAD Support. The candidates remain assured of employment while knowing that they stand on the edge to start a global career offering excellent packages.

Now + Next Training: The program trains using cutting-edge technologies with practical in-demand skills while giving access to best-in-class training infrastructure and subject matter expertise.

Accelerated Professional Growth: Candidates are eligible to extract benefits from diverse learning and development opportunities via course-specific certifications.

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Why are leadership skills important in education?



Why are leadership skills important in education?

John F. Kennedy once said, “Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other.” Leadership is an essential skill that is necessary for almost every other field. The role of leadership is not only limited to professional boundaries; as according to a study, no educational institute can improve its student achievement record without following an effective leadership strategy. There is a direct relationship between good educational leadership and positive student academic outcome. And it’s not just about the administration or teaching staff; leadership skills are essential for the students too.

The skills they nurture during their academic tenure benefit them in their professional life. In today’s competitive job market, employers love to hire people with strong leadership skills. Since proficient leadership is a significant contributing factor behind any organization’s success, cultivating these skills becomes even more critical during the educational period.

Let’s have a look at some other aspects to understand why leadership skills are essential in education.

  1. Help Students Achieve Their Academic Goals

Influential educational leaders help students reach their academic goals. Teachers with strong leadership skills effectively mold their teaching practices and improve educational programs to facilitate student learning. These dedicated professionals work with students of all age groups to help them set the right educational goals and achieve them successfully. Of course, a middle schooler won’t have the same goals as a college student. The teachers and administrators conduct thorough research to help design programs according to the student’s learning capabilities. They oversee each student’s progress and use practical leadership skills to improve the aspects where they lag behind.

Sometimes they even offer helpful academic advice to steer their students in the right direction. Without leadership skills, fulfilling students’ needs is almost impossible.

  1. Help Other Professionals Cultivate Leadership Skills

An excellent educational leader values the combined effort of many teaching and non-teaching staff who dedicate their time and efforts to their well-being. So they never shy away from helping their coworkers as well. Their leadership skills enable them to support others and encourage them for continuous learning and improvement.

Like any other profession, integrating different leadership styles in education helps leaders cultivate their fellow staff’s skills and abilities. A good leader understands their knowledge gaps, knows which skills need reinforcement, and works to fill the gaps for improved professional outcomes.

  1. Build a Strong Community Network

The educational system depends on a successful collaboration between the staff, students, parents, and other community members. For successful learning, it is vital to cultivate a responsible, caring, and inclusive community network where everyone feels safe and secure. A strong community network fosters trust among peers, which makes them motivated to work hard for a shared purpose.

Influential leadership in education helps to develop and promote strong ties amongst the educational community through teachers and administrators. Administrators encourage teachers to do what they think is best for their students. In contrast, teachers find creative ways to make their students learn. All of this is impossible without quality leadership.

  1. Promote a Positive Change in Educational Environment

The educational environment is rapidly evolving. Since the rise of the pandemic, it has changed beyond recognition. The lockdown imposition has pushed everyone towards online education – a shift that would not have been easy without proper leadership. Now, not only teachers but also students are working hard to facilitate their peers’ education. Through effective leadership, students and teachers can resume academic activities while adjusting to the new normal.

  1. Utilize Resources and Data for Continuous Improvement

Successful leaders of the education sector use data such as the students’ assessments to make continuous improvements in the education process. However, following the site-based decision making educational leaders provide culturally responsive and equitable opportunities for all students.

Effective leadership in the education sector promotes positive learning and teaching culture. Besides, leadership in education is responsible for planning and assessing the overall cycle of the teaching and learning process. An effective leader implements and develops policies that help in improving the educational environment.

  1. Encourage Teamwork

Under effective leadership, teachers and students perform as a team. A stable team helps in fostering a strong relationship and attachments between educators, children, and their parents. There are several ways to create a successful team. For instance, one may foster successful team building by developing a shared vision and aligning organizational and individual goals. Besides, information sharing, goal setting, active listening, collaborative problem solving are some common ways to achieve a successful team.

The Bottom Line                                                                                                                                     

The educational system desperately needs quality leaders to control and manage the overall educational processes effectively. They can be students representing other students, teachers attentively listening and reacting to different situations, or a principal taking essential decisions to better the entire institution. Without their intervention, the learning process can never be successful. Their excellent communication and problem-solving skills help many set out on the path of success.

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How to Get a Job with the Department of Homeland Security



How to Get a Job with the Department of Homeland Security

During the devastating attack of 9/11, America lost 3,000 human lives. There was also much damage to critical infrastructure, and the nation suffered from trauma and loss. Within eleven days of the attack, the Department of Homeland Security was born. Later, the United States Congress passed the Homeland Security Act to quell the fear and strengthen the security within and outside the borders.

Through this initiative, the government wanted to reduce the effect of terrorism and protect its national borders. It also started to work on immigration laws and cybersecurity. America also needed a quick response to emergencies and natural disasters. Initially, the Director of the Office of Homeland Security worked alone. However, by 2002 the Department of Homeland Security official came into being. It is a stand-alone Cabinet department that tries to unify the homeland security effort. The end goal of the office is to plan a comprehensive strategy. They also want to regulate the response against future attacks of any kind.

Since the mission is to prevent attacks on the land, sea, and air, the seal symbolizes this sentiment. The white eagle on the seal holds a branch in one talon and arrows in the other. It shows that the department will work unlike other agencies to secure the nation.

This whole scenario brought a considerable demand for candidates who can work in this field. So, those who want to work in this must have the right skills and education to fulfill their needs.

But, what is homeland security?

Four components of Homeland Security:

There are four components of homeland security as it is a holistic concept. The Department of Homeland Security aims to strengthen all of these components to safeguard the nation.

  • Counterterrorism:

Terrorists are using complex methods and strategies to infiltrate nations. The threats are evolving, and their modus operandi is changing.

So, the fundamental goals of counterterrorism hinge on five points.

  1. The first one is to gather intelligence on the enemy and then share the information with respective authorities.
  2. The second priority is to identify terrorist plans and how to prevent them from taking place.
  3. Thirdly, the agents have to defend leaders and higher rank officers first.
  4. Later they move on to securing soft targets, such as commercial centers and government facilities.
  5. Lastly, they must try to neutralize rogue nations and non-state actors. These individuals should never get their hands on weapons of mass destruction.
  • Immigration, Border Security and Human Trafficking:

Any nation without a strict border enforcement agency is unsafe. Therefore, homeland security controls the air and maritime borders of the country. They try to intercept illegal goods and immigration and prevent criminal activity. Along with physical barriers, the government uses technology to crack down on the narcotics trade.

  • Cybersecurity:

If you look at any country, you will realize it relies on its security system. Cyberspace is where countries conduct transactions worth billions of dollars. So, an attack on this platform can hypothetically make any nation handicapped. Therefore, the homeland security department tries to secure the database and keeps it confidential.

  • Disaster preparedness:

Once disaster strikes, a nation must know how to handle it. Therefore, government agencies must know how to respond in these situations to limit the damage. They must also minimize the loss of lives and mitigate the risks.

Protecting a whole nation is a challenge. The way to a career in homeland security is not straightforward.

How to join Homeland Security?

  1. Get the skills and training: The first step is to get the necessary training and education. Recent grads and students can intern with the department to get a taste of things. Go through their website and apply for a position.
  2. Take a course in a relevant subject: Criminology, criminal justice, and forensics are some of the most popular for the DHS. Enroll in a post-secondary program and then include this information in your application.
  3. Get experience in law enforcement: Although it is not mandatory, prior experience in law enforcement will improve your chances of getting recruited. Such positions also help you polish your skills and train you for the job.
  4. Choose your roles according to your goals: It is time to narrow your job search according to your goals. For a human resource position, look into mission support roles like budget planning and medical studies. Law enforcement is ideal for those who want to work in security. Consider a role in travel security for a job in immigration.
  5. The application process: Now, you must apply for a job. Open the Homeland Security Website and look for positions based on agency and job category. Match your qualifications and training with the advertisement to confirm that you meet their requirements. Then apply for the role.
  6. Interview for the position: You will be invited for an interview if your application is successful. Remember to dress professionally and have a calm demeanor.

You may have to pass a security clearance test before you start your job. Remember that the test may take up to 3 months to complete depending on the level of clearance. After that, you will get approval for hiring and get started.


Protecting the nation is not an easy job. It requires a lot of grit, perseverance, and commitment. And unlike other careers, you cannot leave this profession any time you feel like it. Therefore, think long and hard before you make any decisions. Once you have made up your mind to work in this sector, focus on your profile.


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Artificial Intelligence Explained to a Student, Professional, and a Scientist



Artificial Intelligence Explained
Artificial intelligence projected the theory of Alan Turing’s affirmative. At its core, AI helps replicate human intelligence in machines.

Rapid advancement in artificial intelligence (AI) drastically changed the way things are moving today. However, we will speak about this topic by approaching it from three different perspectives.

AI is defined as the science and engineering of developing intelligent machines and intelligent computer programs. More so, relatable to similar tasks such as utilizing computers to understand the human brain.

To be precise, AI is formulating a discipline that can teach the system to start thinking and reasoning like humans do. Although AI has been a technology of discussion in the 21st century, it is now currently used to reduce repetitive tasks and solve complex problems.

If you’re still unsure about what AI can do, you may proceed and read on about the technology. The way we’ll be explaining the technology can be easily perceived by students, professionals, and even scientists. Here we go…

Perspective 1: AI as explained to elementary students

Have you come to imagine having a machine arrange your closet the way you want it to be as soon as you walk through it or have it serve refreshments during parties when you’re at home? Isn’t it astonishing to have a robot do your daily tasks for you? So, if you’re thinking about the theory behind what makes it possible for machines to behave the way we want it to, then perhaps, you need to thank AI. AI is the technology that makes such happenings easy. How does it do it? Well, with the help of mathematical functions and AI algorithms. The technology provides the machine with information similar to which a human performs on a daily basis like giving you soccer lessons or even dance lessons.

With AI, machines have the ability to easily learn, reason, and even solve problems the way a human can do. These elements are what make robots artificially intelligent.

Perspective 2: AI as explained to professionals

AI simply functions using a large amount of data which is fast, efficient and also enables intelligent algorithms to learn and identify patterns from past history. The major aim of AI is to be able to develop systems that can function on their own and not depend on the human. For instance, sectors such as factories and construction sites. Such places can have intelligent robots doing the jobs.

The major subfield of AI includes:

Natural language processing (NLP)

NLP helps computers understand, analyze, and generate speech (human language). Some of the popular products known to all are Alexa or Google voice, also called voice assistant.

  • Cognitive computing: is a human-based interaction that aims at simulating human thoughts. Now with AI and cognitive computing, machines can easily simulate human processes by interpreting images and speech. Some of the best examples include – autonomous vehicles like Nuro, Zoox, and Cruise.
  • Neural network: is machine-based learning that encompasses interconnected unit i.e. neurons that helps process and transmit information.

To be able to understand the functionality and how AI works, the AI professional or AI engineer needs to have considerable knowledge of the technology. And with AI becoming the next tech revolution, it is advisable to pursue a career in the field.

Perspective 3: AI as explained to scientists

Scientists have their way of comprehending or understanding things. As we’re all aware, AI is a technology that helps machines make the lives of human beings much easier. Therefore, to make this discussion more interesting, we will be comparing technology with humans and see how they interact with each other. However, to proceed with this explanation, we need to consider certain points:

  • Limited memory: To make decisions, machines use past and present history. And since such information needs to be stored, it can only store this information up to a certain period. Therefore, the storage capacity is limited. A perfect example is autonomous cars.
  • Purely reactive: Machines are not capable to form memories; thus, they are not capable of using such experience to make decisions. Such machines can only make predictions based on certain parameters. Deep Blue, an IBM-made supercomputer well known to defeat chess grandmaster, also the world champion Garri Kasparov in 1997 is one perfect example.
  • Self-awareness: Machines here are aware of themselves, thus are able to recognize internal states when surrounded by a particular environment. In such cases, machines are not only capable of predicting behavior but emotions as well.
  • Theory of the mind: In such an instance, AI ensures that the machine is capable of emulating the learning process as humans do. The classification of such machines is more advanced. Thus, can express and process emotions. In theory, the knowledge of knowing what emotions are helps them predict their next step and adjust according to the behavior.

Perhaps we’re now clear as to how AI and machine learning functions as a whole. With these definitions, it gets easier to understand the technology from three different perspectives.

In a nutshell, AI has the potential to reshape career opportunities and change the world for good.

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5 Reasons Why Counselors Are Necessary to Guide Students



5 Reasons Why Counselors Are Necessary to Guide Students

Have you ever thought about what the world would be like if there were no one to turn to for advice? Who would we approach and ask for help or opinion if no one was willing to provide it? Wouldn’t it be a lonely, distressing world? Even the thought of it gives us chills. Such is the importance of seeking counseling whenever needed in life.

The figures and estimates in this regard are indeed staggering. According to the 2019 estimates, more than 40 million adults seek counseling services in the US alone. It is comprehensible what the situation is like during the current outbreak of COVID-19. Given the constant fear of catching the virus and the lockdown’s effects, seeking some advice has been commonplace.

It makes a counselor’s job quite interesting, satisfying, and rewarding. They tend to listen to people and strive to resolve their issues. They try to get to the core of the problem and bring forth any possible solutions. They are the ones to provide professional advice to distressed, anxious patients.

Interesting, right? The above details make us think of becoming a counselor. Well, the fact is becoming a counselor isn’t that difficult. But there’s a particular criterion for it. The first on the list is academics, as a professional adviser must have complete educational proficiency. The only question is what program individuals should choose at the crucial decision-making phase.

The minimum requirement to gain academic proficiency is to opt for a Master’s degree. In this regard, an online Master’s is beneficial for two main reasons. Firstly, you don’t have to step outside, keeping you safe from the Coronavirus. Secondly, you can skip GRE by studying online, which stands for Graduate Record Exam, required by conventional programs. So, for an online masters in counseling no GRE should be the choice.

In terms of being a student, you will also realize the need to have a counselor by your side. Why? That’s what we will discuss in this article.

  1. Psychological Wellbeing

Considering this subject from a psychological point of view opens new avenues of thoughtfulness. Every individual, especially in distress, needs a kind listening ear, talking to and telling them about the worries. Whenever it happens, a process of catharsis begins.

That is when we could exhale all the negative energy and start to feel renewed. A counselor realizes such a need of the students and steps forward to address it. They hold sessions with them to reach conclusive answers and identify the root cause. It helps the students remain mentally sound.

  1. Career Guidance

One of the most important things the counselors help the students with is career guidance. Those who seek advice at this point usually want to know about their next move, which is the college. It’s known as vocational training; wherein a counselor provides step-by-step college admission details.

But the advisers don’t just provide counseling; they do so with a specific focus on providing them the proper career guidance. The advisers let the students know about the possible impact of decisions on their professional careers. Due to their timely mentoring, the youth can take the right steps.

  1. Situation Handling

Another equally and immensely aspect of counseling is training students with the skill to handle certain difficult situations. As a student, youth may come across to circumstances that they might find challenging to deal with. These are mainly related to conflicts with peers, which can sometimes be critical.

Situation handling is also about how a student may overcome the issues to attain better grades. Their counselor may talk to them to remove the hurdles impeding their progress, resulting in improved performance. It makes the task highly crucial and worth considering.

  1. School Management

Let us face it; we all need someone close to share our problems. We all have this one sibling or special friend to let out what we may have been holding inside for too long. Getting in touch with a counselor can help in such situations. The expert enables students to say what they can’t even reveal to their parents or guardians.

An adviser spends quality time with the student, convincing them that they can share their thoughts. The youth may then share whether they are uncomfortable with a particular teacher or what they find disturbing on the campus. When rightly done, the approach can put the students back on track.

  1. Special Needs Care

Caring for those with special needs is one of the noble causes, and the counselors are aware of it. They often opt for specialized training to identify if something is wrong with the student requiring special needs. The challenge for them is the integration of the new student into the classroom.

The advisers also act as the in-charge of a particular program launched for the special needs students. They even step forward to remove the learning difficulties and enable students to participate equally inside the class. It’s also important to ensure the students participate in extracurricular activities.

Final Thoughts

Academic life is full of challenges as students stand at a critical juncture that can change their lives. In such a situation, they look up to others for guidance and recommendations. It makes the counselor’s role essential in shaping students’ meaningful thoughts. The role is widely diverse; however, the points discussed encompass most of it. It is vital for an adviser to know about the strategies to perform their job well as they can create tomorrow’s leaders.

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