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7 Major Causes Of Depression In Women

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The life of 21st-century women is not the same as before; everything has been changed. Gone are the days when women stayed at home and just did the household chores. Nowadays, women are educated and can do all the things that men can do. Women are equally qualified to men and work in clinics, banks, and in every other sector. But still, the responsibility of domestic work is more on the women’s shoulders. She has to manage the stress of the workplace as well as household duties in an efficient manner. But, after all, you are also a human being, not a superwoman. 

Wearing so many hats simultaneously is not an easy feat; it could have a deadly effect on women’s health. In the hustle and bustle of busy life, many women do not get time to take care of their health. Sometimes you have to skip your meal and other times sleep. All these things can lead to depression and fatigue and become a major illness later on. A balanced nutritional diet is essential for women, and a lack of vital nutrients like iron, vitamins, and iron can initiate a depressed feeling in women. The consumption of multivitamins pills and iron capsules are best for women to stay away from a depressive disorder. 

Generally, women are at greater risk of depression than men; let us discuss why?

Why Are Women More Prone To Depression?

The depressive syndrome is more common in women than in men. This is because of hormonal and socialization differences. Women endure many health problems that men do not. They undergo pre mensurational, pregnancy, postpartum depression, perimenopause, and post menopause episodes. However, men do not go through all these circumstances, hence are prone to depressive disorders. 

Major Causes Of Depression In Women

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder

The seasonal affective disorder is also called seasonal depression. It often occurs in women during the season transition. It happens every year at the same time, especially during winters and in the early summers. There is no single cause of the seasonal affective disorder (SAD). According to some experts, hormonal imbalance can cause the seasonal affective disorder. Less exposure to sunlight during the winters is another cause of SAD, decreasing the serotonin levels in women. Serotonin is nothing but a hormone that is related to the brain well being. 

  • Imbalance Of Brain Hormone

The neurohormones imbalance is another cause of mood disruption and depression in women. These hormones are produced by neuroendocrine cells, and their primary function is to stimulate the nervous system. There is bidirectional communication between the brain and neurohormones. The brain orders neurosecretory cells to release neurohormones, and these hormones control the brain’s functioning by sending messages and signals. Poor lifestyle, stress, and aging can affect these hormones, especially serotonin, dopamine, estrogen, and progesterone, which cause depression.

  • Thyroid Condition

According to recent studies, 1 in 8 women suffer from a thyroid disorder and are 8 times more likely to have thyroid problems than men. Although thyroid is a major disease in itself, it is a key cause of anxiety and depression in women. It gives rise to mood swings and unusual nervousness, and this disease is called hyperthyroidism. 

  • Family History

Family history also raises the risk of depressive disorder in women. The studies have shown 40% of women experience clinical depression due to genetic factors. The serotonin transporter genes are responsible for transmitting stress hormones in individuals, which cause a feeling of sadness and anxiety.

  • Traumatic Life Event

Many traumatic events such as car crashes, divorce, injury, physical abuse, major health issues can cause emotional and psychological trauma in women. The female gone through any of these episodes have a higher chance of developing stress syndrome and experiencing PTSD. The abbreviation PTSD stands for Traumatic Stress Disorder, and adversely affects the mental state of the victim.

  • Menopause

The menopause period is the worst time in a women’s life. During this period, the female’s body possesses much more estrogen levels than progesterone, and this causes excess bleeding. A woman’s body experiences a plethora of hormonal changes during this period; hot flashes, mood fluctuations, insomnia are common in the course of perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause times. All these things may contribute to depression. 

  • Deficiency Of Vital Nutrients

Poor nutritional intake can worsen mood disorder, which results in anxiety and depression. Vitamins, iron, omega 3, magnesium, folate, iron, zinc, iodine are the natural antidepressants. Hence, it is important to service the optimum amounts of these nutrients in a regular routine. Physicians also suggest vitamins, folate, and iron supplements for women to cope with depression. 

The Bottom Line -:

The balanced nutritional diet and the advice of an experienced therapist can help you to avoid depression. 

 

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I am a Registered Dietitian with a Masters Degree in Clinical Nutrition who loves to write on health related topics.

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What are the biggest health challenges facing youth and teens?

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The teen years are a time of great change for both parents and children, making it an especially trying time to have “the talk.” While teens can make their own decisions, they need extra guidance from parents to stay safe, healthy, and happy. Here’s a look at the top health challenges facing today’s youth and a few ways you can help your child navigate these waters with a little less turbulence.

Traffic accidents

 

The unfortunate truth is that the death rate from vehicle accidents in the U.S. far outpaces that of most other countries. In fact, the United States has the highest youth death rate from motor vehicle accidents of all industrialized nations, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and European countries. Numerous factors contribute to these statistics including increased car ownership for teens and distracted driving by both teens and adults.

Depression

 

It’s hard to tell just how much technology is affecting teen mental health, but it’s clear that social media and other online platforms are impacting the way young people interact. Some studies suggest that people who spend more time on social media sites like Facebook and Instagram are more likely to experience symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Anxiety and depression can manifest themselves in different ways in teenagers. Many will try to hide their feelings by acting out or lashing out at others. But some may also withdraw from friends and family or seem generally unhappy or moody all the time.

Here are some signs parents should watch for:

– Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities

– Frequent crying spells or sudden tearfulness

– Changes in sleeping habits (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep)

– Changes in appetite (decreased or increased hunger)

– Sadness lasting most of the day, nearly every day, for two weeks or more

– Slowed movements or speech, tardiness, trouble concentrating, forgetfulness, fatigue

Using drugs

 

Research shows that the earlier kids start using drugs, the more likely they are to become addicted. Teens who start smoking marijuana before the age of 18 are six times more likely to develop marijuana use problems than adults.

Teenagers are at risk for abusing prescription painkillers, too. The number of teens hospitalized for opioid abuse has increased fivefold since 1994. Adolescents who misuse prescription opioids are also 40 times more likely to use heroin.

The good news is that the number of teens abusing synthetic marijuana has dropped significantly in recent years. Between 2011 and 2016, synthetic marijuana usage among high school students decreased from 11% to 4%. In fact, fewer teens report using synthetic cannabinoids than any other type of illicit drug.

The advice for parents is to take care of their child’s behaviour and to use drug testing kits to test that their child is positive for drugs. It is important to find out in time so that there are no problems and addictions that are dangerous and can be deadly.

Eating disorders

 

Eating disorders affect millions of Americans, and although they are often ignored and not taken seriously, they are a very serious health problem. Males and females are both susceptible to eating disorders. They usually first develop during adolescence and young adulthood. Eating disorders can lead to serious health problems like heart problems, osteoporosis, kidney failure, infertility, and neurological problems. People with eating disorders must seek treatment before serious damage occurs.

Eating disorder means any condition that results in abnormal eating habits that negatively affects your attitude towards food and your body. There are three main types of eating disorders: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-Eating Disorder. Make sure your teens have sensible eating habits.

Bullying

 

Bullying is another common issue among teenagers and young adults. Bullying can be either direct or indirect. Direct bullying is physical, like hitting or pushing, while indirect bullying is psychological, such as name-calling or spreading rumours.

To counter the prevalence of these issues, it is important to recognize and intervene in situations where there is potential for violence and bullying to take place.

There’s no way to guarantee your teen will listen to you. But if you don’t bring up these issues, your teen may not hear about them from anyone else. And the more open and honest you can be, the more likely it is that your words will sink in and make a difference.

A good place to start these conversations is by asking your teen what he thinks about a particular issue. It allows him to feel like he’s an active participant in the conversation and helps you get his feedback on the topic.

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Importance of Clinical Nutrition for The Fast Recovery of COVID-19 Patient

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Medical/clinical nutrition is a disease condition that can be treated only with clinical intervention, through the use of specialized nutrients that are considered as proper medications, rather than as supplements. Clinical nutrition products help to keep the patient healthy and aid in improving the metabolic system of the body by providing adequate supplements, such as minerals, vitamins, and other supplements. In addition, high birth rate and a higher number of premature births also demand advanced clinical nutrition.

Clinical Nutrition

Clinical Nutrition

Nutritional status is expected to be an important factor related to outcomes of patients with COVID-19. It has been documented that major causes of morbidity and mortality in COVID-19 patients are secondary to complications of acute respiratory syndrome related to prolonged Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay. ICU stays, and particularly their longer duration, are well-documented causes of nutrition, with loss of skeletal muscle mass and function which in turn may lead to poor quality of life, disability, and morbidity long after ICU discharge.

Inadequate nutrition remains a global health problem, having the highest prevalence and impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The bidirectional relationship between nutritional status and immunity poses a likely threat of COVID-19 pandemic exacerbating the burden of global nutrition.

COVID-19 pandemic had a positive impact over medical/clinical nutrition, as the patients suffering from coronavirus are having a greater nutritional risk, infection-associated nutrition, and possibly the infection itself. The nutritional deficiencies are caused during and post-illness due to alteration in the metabolism pattern and the change in the gastro-intestinal functioning. This poses a need for nutrition in the body, such that the patient can combat with the complications such as irregularity in the glycaemic control, gastro paresis, and poor functional ability. For filling the gap of nutritional deficiencies, an optimal nutrition with supervision over the condition is required for the patient.

Hence, the clinicians are using telehealth to teach the basic EN feeding administration and feeding-tube site care. This rise in need for fulfilling the nutritional deficiencies of the patients suffering from COVID-19 and other chronic diseases help the market to gain traction.

In addition, recent data shows that COVID-19 patients are at high risk for nutrition. The infection impairs immune function and causes a hyper catabolic state that induces circulating inflammatory cytokines leading to rapid muscle waste and decreased food intake. Therefore, preventing nutrition and giving the appropriate nutritional support is essential to those patients, as endorsed by the international guidelines of the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism & the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

Accordingly, the impact of outbreak on healthcare system is possibly expected to be major and for long lasting. The nationwide lockdowns, government regulations, and continuous increase in infection rate across numerous countries. However, the telemedicine, e-commerce websites and others has become an appropriate and effective way to provide necessary nutritional products to patients with lower immunity or nutrition, which drives the market growth in near future.

In addition, geriatric population and under nutrition is one of the major public health issues. This pathological state results from a deficit in nutritional intake compared to the individual’s needs. It can be the consequence of a diet that is too low in energy and proteins and/or of hyper metabolism. These two situations are frequent in the elderly, who have increased needs and who, moreover, are prone to loss of appetite.

The researchers studied the pattern of response of the COVID patients they gave guidelines for the management of patients with COVID-19 and offered early enteral nutrition support. This can be accomplished with the usage of algorithms or hypo caloric nutrition in the initial 5-7 days, consistent protein delivery of at least 1.2g/kg/day, and also considering the pandemic nutrition resourcing and planning. Furthermore, when the condition of the patient is very critical, nasogastric tube feeding is considered as the best practice. With the advent of this disease, home healthcare has seen a great rise, which made telehealth the need of the hour. The need to understand the use of EN pumps and EN feeding regimen, administration, and device care has increased during the current situation. Therefore, factors mentioned above contribute toward the growth of the medical/clinical nutrition market.

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Fitness

Human growth hormone (HGH): Does it slow aging?

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Growth hormone helps to maintain tissues and organs throughout life and fuels childhood growth. It’s secreted by the pea-sized pituitary gland which is located at the base of the brain. The pituitary gland though slowly decreases the amount of growth hormone it produces from the start of middle age.

This process of natural decrease of the growth hormones has generated an interest in humans to use synthetic human growth hormone (HGH) to stop some changes related to aging, such as decreased bone and muscle mass. But as per studies and research there is not much evidence in suggesting HGH may help otherwise healthy adults regain vitality and youth. HGH treatments may enhance the risk of other medical conditions, alternatively. Some experts even have recommended against using HGH to treat aging or age-related conditions.

Do some adults need HGH treatment?

Adults who suffer from growth hormone deficiency, not the natural decline in growth hormone due to aging — can be prescribed synthetic HGH by their doctors. In majority of people, deficiency of growth hormone can be caused by a benign tumor on the pituitary gland or by treatment of an adenoma with radiotherapy or surgery.

Injections of HGH can help for adults who have a growth hormone deficiency, in the following ways:

  • Increase exercise capacity
  • Increase bone density
  • Increase muscle mass
  • Decrease body fat

Adults with AIDS- or HIV-related growth hormone deficiency which results in irregular distribution of body fat can also be treated with injectable HGH. Only in the United States HGH treatment is approved for treatment of growth hormone deficiency — and related problems associated with HIV infection. It is also believed that HGH is effective if administered as an injection over pills or powder form. Generally pill form of human growth hormone is not available, but some dietary supplements claiming to boost levels of HGH come in pill form, though research reveals that it doesn’t have a benefit.

Food and Drug Administration has labelled HGH as a controlled substance. Use of HGH for a condition like building muscle or as an anti-aging treatment in older adults, is not legal as of now.

The bottom line:

Ask your doctor about proven ways to improve your health if you have specific concerns about slowdown of aging. This may or may not involve the use of HGH. But remember that healthy lifestyle choices can help you feel your best as you get older.

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