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Overview of India’s Major Exports & Imports

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Overview of India's Major Exports & Imports

As a steadily growing economy in the east, the Indian economy is considered the world’s 16th largest exporter. India has exported USD 27.96B and imported USD 27.80B worth of goods and services in 2020 with a USD 0.16B trade surplus. In the current FY, the exports and imports are expected to grow to 6.9% each, with a trade deficit of USD 177.0B for merchandise. 

India’s BRIC economics is considered one of the rising national economies and helps become a developed country. In 2020, India’s major exports declined, including gems, jewelry, textiles, rice, handlooms, and many more. According to the World Trade Organization, countries will see a rise of 7.6% of trade in 2021. Let’s explore more about major exports and imports from and to India:

What Includes India’s Top Exports List?

The top 10 exports from India contribute to over 59% of its global exports. Over the past 5 years, India has seen dramatic growth in exports. Whether it is textile or rice exporters, the surge in demand is seen by everyone previously. Certainly, rice exports from India are expected to rise by 6% in the upcoming year. Some of the major exports from India include the following:

  • Refined Petroleum

India exported about 2.9 Trillion rupees of petroleum products in the Fiscal year 2020. As compared to the previous year, there was a decrease in the value of exports by 17%. At the start of the pandemic, petroleum exports were declined, but in October 2020, the economy saw a prominent rise in trade. 

  • Drugs & Pharmaceuticals

India’s Drugs & Pharmaceuticals export in FY 2020 was over 1.4 trillion rupees. Amidst the pandemic, healthcare was the only sector that has seen an increase in trade than the previous year. One of the largest providers of generic medicines was India. Due to this very reason, India has seen a hike in exports of drugs and pharmaceuticals. 

  • Diamonds

Diamond exports have been worse affected in the past year. They have slimed by over 35 % through September. Although, India’s diamond exports contribute 20% to the world diamond exports. 

  • Jewelry

75% of the world’s gem and jewelry exports are from India. It employs over 4.6 million people and contributes to 7% of the country’s GDP. It is one of the fastest-growing sectors, which is expected to rise double by the end of 2022. 

  • Basmati & Non-Basmati Rice

According to the All India Rice Exporter Association, India has exported over 7 million tonnes of non-basmati rice in 2020 and is expected to double this year. In the last quarter of 2020, the rise of 159% is seen in rice exports from India. 

The major commodities exported from India also include iron, steel, cotton, aluminum, and precious stones. The majority of Indian exports are destined to the United States, Germany, China, UAE, and Hong Kong.

What Are India’s Most Imported Commodities?

As a developing country, India imports several commodities from countries around the globe. One of the most imported commodities is crude oil, which contributes USD 122 Billion in the import amount. Other commodities include gold, diamonds, petroleum gas, and coal. Here are some of the majorly imported commodities in India:

  • Gold

Gold imports in India have seen a decline of 47%, which is said to be an impact of the Coronavirus outbreak. Being one of the largest gold importers worldwide, the country imports about 800-900 tonnes of gold every year. 

  • Coal Briquettes

India is one of the top importers of Coal and spends about billions of dollars every year. Out of all the internationally traded commodities, Coal Briquettes are considered the 16th largest traded product. 

  • Telephones 

India imports telephones in higher numbers than its exports, which is roughly about 36 million units. These imports are likely to decile in the upcoming years due to the proliferation of many big telephone producing companies. 

  • Broadcasting Equipment 

The imports of broadcasting equipment valued at 7.42 Billion in FY 2020. The top importer in these commodities categories is the United States.  

In order to survive in the unexpected economy, India has been following a robust approach. The major exports from India are viable, and some commodities like basmati rice, petroleum have seen a spike from the past five years. 

 

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Ways For Small Businesses To Save Money

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Although some expenses and costs of doing business may appear small by themselves, they can add up to something quite significant that can actually end up costing a small business quite a bit of money. So by putting into action a plan for reducing costs, it can be of huge benefit to pretty much any small business out there. 

Some of the ways in which small businesses can save money is by adopting some of the following techniques. Each of these are easy to implement for any small business and will not impact on the day to day running or any production processes that are in place.

Become more energy efficient

Energy and utilities, such as water, can pose significant costs for any small business. One way of bringing these costs down is by shopping around and comparing deals from different providers via the website Utility Bidder. Another way of doing this is by making premises more energy efficient. This can be achieved by lowering the heating or air conditioning (AC) or by installing insulation. 

Use less paper

Whilst it might not be practical for every single small business, some can benefit from going completely paperless. This is not only good for the balance sheet but is also better for the environment too. Noty only does it require less purchasing but also less storage of the paper as well. Digitizing all processes can actually be beneficial for small businesses.

Purchase used or generic goods

Not everything that a small business purchases needs to be brand new or from top suppliers. Whilst it may make sense to do this sometimes, for the vast majority of purchases, buying second hand or from brands that are not as well known is completely fine and can save quite a bit of money over time. For instance, items that have been pre used can be as much as 50 percent cheaper. 

Buy in bulk

Rather than buy just a small quantity of a specific good or goods that are used regularly for the running of a small business, it is beneficial to buy in bulk instead as this significantly reduces the individual unit price. If this is done for all purchases and over the course of a year this can result in significant cost savings.

Set a budget and review it

For any small business that does not already have a budget in place, this needs to be done with a matter of urgency. However, it is important to remember that this is not something that is static and, instead, should be reviewed systematically on a regular basis. When a small business stays on top of its budget, it avoids falling behind on things and reduces the chance of having to claw its way back. 

Take away

By putting each of these things into action, small businesses can significantly reduce their costs and thus increase their turnover. The secondary benefit to all of this is that it also benefits the environment

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How to Conduct Stone Chip Repairs

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However much one is careful, windshield chips or cracks, particularly minor chips happen to be sneaky and common. Be it branches and twigs shed by trees or flying stones thrown about by moving vehicles, no event is disconcerting or appalling to the owner of a car than to experience a ding featuring on the windshield of one’s precious car. With a view on safety, a damaged windscreen is truly hazardous and stone chip repairs must be done as soon as possible.

What are chips?

Generally, a chip happens when small pebbles, stones, debris, and rocks impact the glass of one’s windscreen. Such impacts nick the glass while causing small spots of damage. Debris that is thrown about by some other vehicles or small stones and rocks thrown out from trucks are some of the reasons for windscreen chips.

Types of chips

  • Star break:

This chip happens in the form of a starburst on the windscreen. This kind of chip has small cracks of various lengths emerging from the contact point. If neglected, such chips may result in the spreading and weakening of the windscreen. Hence, one must get these repaired at the earliest.

  • Cloverleaf

This kind of damage consists of a divide of the inner layer of the windscreen glass.

  • Bull’s eye

Without a doubt, this is the highly commonplace kind of chip damage to the windscreen. This chip has a small size and features a tiny circular rupture centring around a pit. In case such chips are repaired in a timely fashion by trained professional hands, they can be dealt with easily without hassles.

  • Half-moon

Just like Bull’s eye chip, this chip features half of a circle at the mid-point. This chip can be repaired easily by trained technicians.

  • Bee’s wing

Like star break chips, the beeswing chip may be repaired easily by trained technicians.

  • Combination break

This chip is a mix of 2 or more chip kinds mentioned above. Such damage to the windscreen can also be repaired.

How to deal with chips

Rock chips are frustrating, at the least. But despite one’s hectic schedule, one must make repair a priority. Prolonging the repair will cause more damage down the road.

Following are some tips to handle stone chips:

  • Fix the chips right away, especially in the case of star or Bull’s eye shape.
  • Avoid fixing the chip by the DIY route.
  • Cover chip with clear packing tape to prevent contamination.
  • Avoid washing the glass as high-pressure sprays as well as soap and water can worsen the damage.
  • Do not drive the car much to reduce vibration, steer clear of potholes and park away from direct sunlight.
  • Avoid blasting the AC as temperature changes will harm the chip.
  • Avoid slamming the car door.
  • Change old and dirty wipers.

Is chip repair possible?

Not all chips can be fully repaired. The potential of repair of windscreen chip is based on severity, size, and location of a chip.

The majority of minor chips which have a diameter of not more than 40 mm can be fixed easily and simply. In case the damage that was caused by rocks or stones is limited to the outer layer of the windscreen glass, trained technicians can easily fix it.

Thus, most small chips may be easily repaired with proper attention. But when neglected, they will easily worsen such that replacing the glass is the only viable option. Note that it is wise to repair chips of a maximum 2 in number. Anything more mandates a total replacement of the glass.

Additionally, if stone chips affect both the inside and outer layer of glass, the repair will not suffice. It may also not be a wise option in case the chip is in the line of vision of the driver.

In case one opts for a repair job, it will leave one with a structurally weak windscreen because of which replacement may be the right solution. It is also advised that if the windscreen is full of small chips, get the windscreen replaced as early as possible.

Need for professional help

The windscreen is not simply a decorative element of the car. It is a critical safety feature because of which any chips or cracks must be repaired as soon as possible by professional hands. Home kits of glass repair or other DIY hacks may seem attractive, but in reality, they end up aggravating the issue, making it costlier and tougher to fix.

DIY repair kits are not equipped to offer a permanent fix. Also, by using DIY hacks, one can cause the chip damage to expand, by which there is an increased risk of shattering of windscreen while one is driving. The windscreen provides structural integrity to the car and can prove to be a major health hazard if not dealt with properly. Hence chips and cracks must be left to be dealt with by professionals.

Windscreen experts or professionals have the requisite expertise, experience, skills, and knowledge needed to repair the windscreen with care and precision. They get the job completed in the right way using the best materials and tools.

In sum, stone chip repairs must be taken seriously and left to the hands of professionals.

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Benefits of Provisional Partner Visa in Australia

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Provisional Partner Visa

It always feels better when you are with your partner. Positive vibes from each other decrease the worries and provide a helping hand to each other.

Your emotions are always taken care of by the immigration department of every country. No country wants you to be alone, and this is the reason the concerned authorities formulate their partner visas in a way that you do not have to stay away from your partner for long when overseas. One who wants to apply for a partner visa can consult with a partner visa specialist.

Provisional Partner Visa in Australia

Australia offers provisional partner visas under subclass 820 and subclass 309. This particular visa allows the individuals who are the spouse or a de facto partner of an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident, or eligible New Zealand citizen to live in Australia. The temporary partner visa is granted first and the applicant is allowed to live in Australia for two years with their partner. If they wish to live for more time or permanently, the applicants can apply for a PR Visa to live in Australia.

Benefits of the Provisional Partner Visas

The following rules apply to the provisional partner visa holder. These rules can also be considered as benefits. So, here are some of the benefits that a provisional partner visa holder can enjoy!

  • They can stay in Australia until the government decides their permanent Partner (Migrant) visa (subclass 100)
  • They can stay, work and live in Australia for two years
  • They may include dependent children or stepchildren in their visa application
  • They may study in Australia without any government funding
  • They may travel to and from Australia as many times as they want
  • They can attend up to 510 hours of free English language classes under Australia’s Adult Migrant English Program
  • They can get health coverage through Medicare

The visa costs around AUD7,160 for the main applicant, which covers both the temporary and the permanent Partner (Migrant) visa (subclass 100). Additionally, there is a fee for each family member who applies for the visa, unless they hold a Dependent Child visa (subclass 445). There is no fee for subclass 445 visa holders.

For detailed information on provisional partner visas in Sydney or Melbourne, please feel free to contact one of our MARA agents!

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