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Fitness Myths – Separating Fact From Fiction

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Whether you are looking to drop 10-15 pounds of fat or add 10-15 pounds of lean muscle mass, it’s important to first come to grips with some of the biggest lies/myths in the fitness industry. Otherwise you may end up wasting your valuable time and could even damage your long-term health.

For starters, the myth/belief that muscle turns to fat is totally erroneous.

Myth 1:

Muscle never turns to fat.

They are two totally, separate types of tissue. Just as your heart is different from your liver and you wouldn’t worry that it could become your liver, your muscle cannot turn into fat. It would be like watching an apple convert to an orange right before your eyes. Not going to happen.

So, what does happen to someone who was once very muscular and fit but stops working out? If muscle does not turn to fat as many believe, then why does their once fit and trim body now appear fat, flabby and unhealthy?

The reality is much worse than turning to fat. Muscle is not being converted to fat, it is being lost. It is literally, wasting away.

Because the body uses a lot of energy maintaining lean muscle mass (which is why having more muscle is great for preventing fat gain), when the body believes it no longer needs to maintain muscle mass, it eliminates it. Whatever muscle mass is not being stressed (used), starts catabolizing (breaking down).

Muscles shrink from non-use and fat pockets grow bigger. Soon, what was once an attractive, trim, fit body now appears flabby and fat. It is really that simple.

Because muscle burns more calories than fat, whenever workout habits change or slow down, changes in diet must follow. If diets are not adjusted to align with a less active lifestyle, if food intake remains the same but total calorie expenditure decreases, guess what? The excess surplus of calories (that are no longer being burned through activity) gets converted into body fat.

It’s pretty simple science – when you exercise less, you burn fewer calories and therefore, you must eat less.

The good news is, it only takes about 60 minutes of strength training weekly at the gym (or your preferred strength training workout) to maintain muscle once it’s built. It takes far less effort to maintain muscle once it’s built than it did to build it in the first place.

Myth 2:

Exercising daily is optimal. Wrong.

Many people believe that if they fail to see the progress they are after, it’s because they are not training hard (or long) enough so they immediately start pushing their body harder which is the exact opposite of what should be happening.

Every time you train your muscles hard (at the gym or elsewhere), you are creating micro damage to the muscle tissue and time is needed for this to be rebuilt to withstand the same level of force once again. If the time and energy needed to do this is not provided, muscles won’t get stronger and in fact can cause loss of valuable muscle mass.

Reality – when actively working out, the body requires and needs rest days in a well-planned protocol to have the time needed to get stronger than it was before. Ideally, one day off a week should be allowed, if not two. But, even that is not hard science. Some people require more. In fact, three to four days rest for beginner trainees or those who do intense training is not at all uncommon.

Remember, as the intensity of your workouts go up, your total rest required to recover from that workout will also increase.

It’s very important to recognize when it’s time to work harder and when it’s time to rest. Understanding the difference and giving your body exactly what it needs is what gets you to that end goal.

Honor your workout, but balance it with rest.

Myth 3:

Cardio is a great way to get thinner – False.

Cardio – (referencing steady state cardio sessions) – the workouts that people dread yet do daily after hitting the gym. Jumping on a piece of cardio equipment and going at one pace for 20-60 minutes.

These workouts do very little for anyone. What these extended cardio workouts achieve is to increase the appetite, causing us to eat more. In fact, many people, who are classic “cardio bunnies,” report ravenous appetites that just won’t go away.

Cardio training can even cause loss of lean muscle mass. When the body knows it must go for long periods of time at a moderate intensity pace, it does what it can to be more efficient. Since muscle tissue is energy-intensive to maintain, it is better for your body if you have less of it.

Couple this with the fact that many are on a lower calorie diet while doing cardio and now you have a body ready and willing to drop lean muscle. So, fat is not really being lost in the process, but rather, lean muscle.

The body may appear smaller after months of cardio workouts because of lost weight, but, unfortunately, it is due to an unhealthy, change in body composition. The body now contains more fat mass in proportion to lean muscle mass and the result is not pretty. The look is soft, jiggly, and anything but fit.

If you’re looking to create a fit, lean, firm body, cardio training is not the way to get there. Strength training is the only thing empowered to reverse unhealthy, muscle loss.

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5 Myths About Autism Uncovered

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5 Myths About Autism Uncovered

Autism is a complex condition that impacts the nervous system. The signs and symptoms of this condition include social and communication difficulties, linguistic oddities, sensory processing challenges, and repetitive behaviors. 

Action Behavior Center provides diagnostic tools and resources for parents with children on the spectrum and anyone that wants to learn more about this neuro disorder. 

However, autism is a spectrum disorder; thus, autistic individuals experience different symptoms in different severities. 

Even so, there are a lot of harmful misconceptions out there about this condition, and we’re about to uncover them.

Autistic Individuals Don’t Feel Emotion

This is possibly one of the more hurtful myths about autism. It’s common for neurotypical individuals to assume that autistic children and adults are incapable of feeling emotions

However, the truth is that autistic individuals do feel emotions. In fact, most studies on the topic suggest that autistic individuals feel emotions far more intensely than neurotypicals do. The significant difference is that children and adults on the spectrum express their emotions differently and often lack complementing facial features. 

So, You’re Like Elon Musk?

Another common myth about this condition is that everyone on the spectrum is, in some way, a genius. Contrary to this, those on the spectrum are as different from one another as neurotypical individuals are. 

This prevalent misconception may stem from the fact that people on the spectrum typically have special interests. But that’s not to say that every autistic individual is a genius. And treating children and adults on the spectrum this way is damaging; it’s not okay to expect neurodiverse people to live up to such a ridiculous expectation from society. 

Autistic People Can’t Lie

This misconception is a little closer to the truth than most others about autism, although it’s still not true. Autistic children and adults can lie. However, they don’t see the point of being dishonest.

Even though it’s unlikely for autistic individuals to be deceitful, it’s untrue that the act of lying is impossible. 

Autism Is A Disease

The direct cause of autism is still quite unclear. Although it’s known that autism is primarily genetic, some other factors may cause the differences in the brain. Even so, it’s not a disease, and one can’t get autism at any point in life; one is born with autism. 

Moreover, this condition can improve with occupational therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, although there is no cure. Therapies and treatments aim to enhance the quality of life. 

Vaccines Cause Autism

This is possibly one of the most prominent misconceptions about autism out there. Unfortunately, many ill-informed parents have kept their little ones far away from vaccines in fear the jabs will cause autism. 

Once again, autistic individuals are born autistic and do not become autistic at any point. 

There are tons of harmful and hurtful misconceptions about autism, and we must start uncovering these mistruths. Whether you’re parenting a neurodiverse little one, your spouse is on the spectrum, or you’d like to learn more about your friends with the condition, it’s critical to separate fact from fiction when learning about this complex condition. 

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What You Need to Know About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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Menstrual health is different for each woman. For that reason, it is important to trust your gut and not overlook any concerning symptoms you might have. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a commonly misdiagnosed hormonal condition that affects at least one in ten women. As the name indicates, this hormonal imbalance can lead to changes in the ovaries. Symptoms include cysts in the ovaries, irregular periods, acne, weight gain, etc. These symptoms can be managed, but there isn’t just one approach to take to effectively manage your PCOS. You should always talk to your doctor about the right treatment and the lifestyle changes needed to help your body. 

What You Can Do to Naturally Treat Your PCOS

Healthy lifestyle choices can make a world of difference in the symptoms of PCOS. Most women with PCOS suffer from insulin resistance, which causes their blood sugar levels to be higher than normal. Uncontrolled, this resistance can lead to diabetes. Most doctors recommend adding more anti-inflammatory foods to your meal plans, including fish, leafy greens, nuts, berries, etc. Try to eliminate all processed foods from your diet. Natural and whole foods are the way to go. This doesn’t mean going to extremes and eliminating all sugar from your diet. Instead of low-carb diets, it could be better to focus on adding more protein to your meals. This will improve your insulin sensitivity. 

Another healthy habit is to create a regular exercise routine that works for you. As most women with PCOS can struggle with losing weight, it can be difficult to find the motivation to push themselves. Still, it begins with small steps toward becoming more active. You can go on walks to the park, do a cardio routine from YouTube, or head to the gym to try weightlifting. Losing weight equivocates to reducing your insulin, and it allows your estrogen production to regulate itself more efficiently. 

Most people tend to underestimate how much sleep they need. Establishing a habit to sleep eight to ten hours a night will help you lose weight and reduce the chances of interrupting your hormone regulation. 

How to Maintain an Enriched Life with PCOS

Remember that there is no one-size-fits-all for the treatment of PCOS. You can be an active participant in your health by figuring out what methods work for you. Researching the different types of treatments available from credible sources will aid you in your journey of healing and self-fulfillment. 

Keep in mind that even though birth control pills are the most likely recommended method of treatment for PCOS, it is still just an option. Birth control pills, usually given at an abortion clinic Dallas, tend to mask the symptoms of PCOS, but it doesn’t cure it. For some women, it may also lead to stronger insulin resistance. Again, it all depends on the way you track your progress with your doctor, making sure that birth control pills are a good fit for you. 

As you make active efforts to manage your PCOS, you will find yourself with greater confidence as you face your condition head-on. Keeping a journal to track your periods and your goals will help you stay consistent and focused. Please seek mental health counseling if you begin struggling with depression or anxiety. Be kind to yourself. 

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Cell Line Development: The Key to Human Health

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Human Health

Over the past few years, we have all become increasingly aware of the need for vaccines to combat viruses. We have learnt how quickly things can go from normality to worldwide lockdowns. The need for a new vaccine could become humanity’s only way of moving forward. This is where cell line development comes in.

In this article, we’ll look at how stable cell lines are essential in the production of these all-important biotherapeutics, what challenges are involved, and how the future looks in this state-of-the-art scientific field.

The History of Cell Line Development

Let’s start off by looking at the history of cell line development and how it all began.

The history of cell culture dates back to 1948 when the first “L” cell line was established. The cell line was extracted from subcutaneous mouse tissue.

It wasn’t until 1957 that the first Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line was established. To this day, CHO cell lines are the most common mammalian cell line used in the mass production of therapeutic proteins. They are widely used in studies of toxicity screening, nutrition and gene expression, genetics, and particularly to express recombinant proteins. Much is known about their growth characteristics. This growth and adaptability to media and culture conditions make CHO cells a big asset in the pharmaceutical industry.

How the Process of Cell Line Development Works

Stable cell lines are developed by a process that generally starts with transfecting selected host cells, mainly CHO cells, with the desired plasmids. Plasmids are cells that can replicate independently of the chromosomes, hence their wide use in the laboratory manipulation of genes. Once transfecting has taken place, researchers must then manually screen and quantify high-yielding clones. Only after identifying the high producers can the cell lines produced by the cells be validated.

Until very recently, the process was slow and arduous taking anywhere between 6 to 12 months to complete a single cell line. This is because of the manual screening methods traditionally used for cell line development. What is needed is an automated and much more efficient approach to cell line development. This is where cell line development companies come in.

The Future of Cell Line Development

Cell line development companies are critical in bringing cell line development to the next level. Time is of the essence and these companies are the answer to providing automation and efficiency in cell line development.

Using state-of-the-art machinery, these Cell line development companies are dramatically reducing the time it takes to complete the cell line development process.

An example of this machinery is the ClonePix 2. The ClonePix 2 System does two jobs in one. It provides an automated way of screening huge amounts of cells. This increases the chances of finding rare high-producer cells. It also allows for single-cell isolation, dramatically reducing development times.

The consistency and high production of the target therapeutic protein are essential. These must be single-cell derived clones. With microplate readers like the SpectraMax i3x, these clones can be characterized much more quickly. The future of cell line development is already underway thanks to this cutting-edge machinery and the companies dedicated to its growth. Thanks to these advances, there’s no doubt that cell line development will continue to become a faster and more efficient process.

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