Connect with us

How to

Burning Smell Coming From Ceiling Fan – What Should I Do?

Published

on

My ceiling fan has a burning smell coming from it. Where is the burning smell coming from and what should I do about it?

If you have a burning smell coming from the fan, it’s usually best to unplug the fan and not use it for now. A burning smell coming from the fan generally indicates that there is a fault within the wiring, or within the motor.

One thing you may notice about the fan is that it may be wobbling. Check to see if the burning smell is coming from the motor. If the smell is coming from the motor and the fan is wobbling or not running properly, it could be a fault within one of the motor coils. You may need to replace the motor. You can service the motor but be very careful, you have to know what you are doing. And the motor can hold some charge if there is capacitors in the motor as well, be sure not to touch these with your screwdriver as you can discharge them into your body.

Another place where the burning smell can be coming from, is the wiring in your wall itself. If the smell is coming from inside your wall, or from other components on your fan,be sure to shut down power to the fan immediately. If the smell is coming from inside the wall it could mean some of your wiring is getting too hot and lighting on fire. This can happen if there is too much power running along an old line. You might have really old wiring in your house which can also cause this to happen with any appliance – not just a fan. Sometimes houses can have old aluminum wiring or other.

Other times the burning smell might only come if you switch the ceiling fan into higher speeds, or if operating a certain light kit. This can happen as well. Your motor has different coils that run different things, so it’s possible one coil has gone out. This would cause the fan to operate incorrectly for some things but still work OK for others. Most of the time replacing the motor (if the smell is isolated to the motor) can resolve the issue.

It is generally not a good idea altogether to run the fan when it is emitting odors, so shut it off for now in any case until you have some time to look at it.

How to

"Reading is to the Mind What Exercise is to the Body", Said Richard Steele

Published

on

By

Reading helps in every sphere of our lives as it enriches our mind as well as develops our personality. In the growing world of internet, still there are vast majority of people who still consider reading books essential. My personal opinion goes on the same direction. Reading is a means of language acquisition of communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Reading to young children is a recommended way to instill language and expression, and to promote comprehension of text. It is an important skill and it is very important for us to develop this skill in children since childhood, for an excellent brain and personality development.

Books are a great source of ideas, big and small. We all read something or the other but for different purposes. It varies from person to person just as the reading choices vary from one another. Some people read to develop more knowledge, to be entertained and laugh, to engage and interact. Reading is typically an individual activity and a very personal. It helps in personal development of an individual. We read very often to escape from the tensions and stress of life, to address boredom and the inexorable progress of time. It is an excellent way to learn, know other’s opinions, to be informed, to understand others (individually and culturally), to get inspired and communicate better and to see things from a different perspective. It helps us to research and keep up-to-date with society, and even connect with like-minded people. It gives us an opportunity to travel to different landscapes and, sometimes through different periods in time. It’s an escape certainly, but more than that, it’s a voyage as seen through another’s eyes. It often help us enjoy and love the different situations, people and places and cultures. It is amazing to read books written by authors from years and years ago.

People who love reading have a fixed time for reading in their busy routine. It helps them to relax and escape from the stress of our day-to-day lives. It can transport us to another time or place and it is a great feeling of seeing or doing or experiencing something different. People have special reading corner for themselves and some people give importance to reading in silence and have separate reading room and some people love to read with light music and even some people read before sleeping. Many people love reading in bathroom because they feel it is one of the few rooms in the home where privacy is routinely respected. A child may burst into a parent’s bedroom unannounced, or a spouse may share time in a den or living room, but the bathroom is generally considered the home’s Fortress of Solitude.

Reading Books has always had advantages to other things in life whether using internet or watching television. It also is the most common interest of the people who rise in life and the most important reason of success in the life of people.

Continue Reading

How to

Kissing Tips for Women – How to Kiss Him in a Way He Will Never Forget

Published

on

By

How do I kiss a guy and leave him wanting more? What is the best way to kiss a guy? Is there a right and wrong way to kissing? Is preparation or the actual kiss more important?

Kissing a guy comes naturally to man women. However, this can be different if you are shy or don’t have a lot of experience in the kissing department. Kissing tips for women are usually fairly straightforward and easy to follow. The good news is that if you need some kissing tips for women, we have plenty below.

Preparation is Key

In order to have a good kiss, one needs to be prepared. This is one of the most important kissing tips for women. One of the keys is to have fresh breath. If you have any doubts about how your breath may smell, you may want to keep some breath mints in your purse and have one right before you kiss. You may also want to have some water as some breath mints can leave a bad aftertaste.

Be Confident

Confidence is the key to any good kiss. No one wants to kiss someone who is only slightly into it. You will also need to be confident because once you cross this bridge, there is no going back. This doesn’t mean that you have to attack a guy, but instead kiss firmly and with confidence that this is what you want.

Go Slowly at First

There is no need to rush things at the beginning. In addition, you don’t want to suddenly thrust your tongue down someone else’s throat. Instead, the best kissing tip is to simply press your lips together and close your eyes as you do so. You will also want to tilt your head to one side in order to get your nose out of the way.

Go a Little Further

Once you have started the kiss, you may want to open your lips just slightly. At this point, it will be key to pay attention to how your partner responds. If your partner also opens their mouth a little bit, you can try different degrees of openness. This means that you can open and close your moth throughout the event. You can even begin to use your tongue a little bit and explore your guy’s lips.

French Kiss

If he seems willing, and most guys are, you may then want to proceed to a full on French kiss. Here you and your partner will both open your mouths with your lips pressed together and you will then insert your tongue into their mouth. At this point, you can explore their mouth with your tongue or the two of you can let your tongue’s dance around each other.

Just remember that another key to kissing a guy is to have fun. Kissing should not be a chore, but something that the two of you enjoy and brings the two of you together. Have fun and be sure to try new types of kisses and in different spots.

Continue Reading

How to

What Can You Actually Find In A Paperie Store?

Published

on

By

Many people are unaware that they could actually buy different types of decorative paper from online paperie stores. Most of the time we tend to go to a brick and mortar craft shop as we consider them to be a place to get our paper source. However, times have changed so fast and now, you could do all your online shopping for any type of decorative paper online. Here’s what they normally sell online.

Different Types Of Decorative Paper

Most of the time people tend to buy wrapping paper to wrap gifts and presents. Well these online stores sell more than wrapping paper as they exist to cater to those who enjoy the hobby of scrapbooking along with arts and crafts. So they would have many different types of decorative paper which come in different sizes and paper quality as well. You could probably buy card board paper from them to make your own cardboard box for storing your creations. Think of the shop as a boutique. It’s just like how you would go into a boutique looking for all sorts of clothing so it’s the same with an online paperie store.

Colored Cards And Envelopes

And for those who enjoy making creative birthday cards, they will be very happy to know that there are many different colored cards and envelopes available for them to buy. Like who doesn’t enjoy receiving a special greeting card in the mail box? These days, people tend to use email and online greetings more but for those who prefer to make a more meaningful impact, they will still stick to the traditional hand made greeting cards. I do agree that it carries more meaning when you have any greeting card made. You get to express your creativity at the same time. For those who are planning on getting married, they will usually pick up a whole set of customized wedding invitations for their big day. These can be easily worded and customized by the online invitations store and delivered to you.

Craft Materials

These craft materials would normally consists of ready made cut out wordings or pictures. Some offer stickers along with twine, ribbons and colored strings. You will also be able to find a big collection of picture cutters. These function like hole punchers but they already have a fixed picture to cut out once used to punch through any paper.

Summary

So it’s not really surprising to find that many people tend to buy their scrapbooking materials or cards online as they could see a wider variety of choices to pick from. Hope that you have a good time finding unique materials for your own projects.

Continue Reading

How to

What is Mindfulness For Children

Published

on

By

Mindfulness means “the awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgementally to the unfolding of experiences moment by moment.” (Joh Kabat-Zinn) It is an active process involving staying aware of the external environment and the internal bodily sensations in the present moment without judgement, positive or negative.

Children live in a world of being told what to do: what time to wake up, what to eat, where and when they have various activities such as school, sports, music lessons, etc. This can lead to going through the motions of living without conscious awareness. For example, if you ask them what they ate for lunch they may not be able to tell you. This in not simply because of poor memory, but more likely because they were not paying attention at the time.

Children are often much closer to their experiences than adults. Watch an infant experience anything for the first time; they look at it, touch it, feel it on their face, taste it. Every experience is fresh and new. They live in the moment reacting emotionally and immediately to stimulus, then moving on to the next experience.

However, children also exists on auto-pilot, are easily distracted, are forgetful, lack concentration, have poor self-control and often do not understand themselves or the world. Mindfulness exercises address these concerns and can assist children in living with attention and awareness of themselves and their environment.

Keeping the needs and abilities of children in mind is key when adapting mindfulness exercises to various age groups. Children learn through concrete activities with clear, descriptive instructions. They also enjoy engaging their imaginations and creativity. And don’t forget the power of humour or the need for play.

Be sure to start with brief activities which will lead to success. Beginning with a five minute focus activity will be better than a 15 minute seated meditation.

Like all activities, mindfulness training improves with practice. As they learn mindful techniques, children can practice independently in everyday life: as they walk, as they eat, as they play. Purposefully engaging in their various activities will actively shape the mind helping children to live deeply each moment of daily life.

Continue Reading

How to

How Can Business Owners Be Exposed To Personal Liability?

Published

on

By

Once you have organized your business, you are still not entirely immune from personal liability. When courts impose liability on individuals for the actions of the corporation, this is referred to in legal parlance as “piercing the corporate veil.” In order to avoid personal liability for debts and other acts of the corporation (or LLC) you must run your business entity as a truly distinct and separate entity from the personal affairs of each owner.

The corporate shield cannot merely be a façade with no real business purpose and the business should display characteristics resembling an actual, ongoing business. In closely-held corporations (very few shareholders), the same individuals tend to act in several different capacities, and this requires an effort to maintain those distinctions. Not to mention, owners of small businesses tend to naturally treat all income as personal income and use business assets for personal use.

The courts typically look at whether there is “a unity of interest and ownership such that the separate personalities of the entity and the owner no longer exist and upholding the distinction between the owner and the entity would be an injustice.” In other words, if the corporation or LLC is the alter ego of the individual and recognizing the distinction would be unjust or fraudulent, the veil will be pierced. It is impossible to describe everything you must do to avoid having the corporation or LLC seen as a mere extension of the owner. However, it is important enough that you must have a basic understanding of what you should and should not do to help insulate yourself from personal liability.

A member of an LLC or shareholder of a corporation can be held personally liable for many different types of claims, but they typically arise under these different scenarios:

1. Claims arising out of an act or omission by the owner directly, such as the owner’s own negligence, fraud, illegal act or violation of a fiduciary duty;

2. Claims arising out of a contract, particularly one that was personally guaranteed by the member;

3. Liability for unpaid employment taxes, wages, worker’s compensation insurance and unemployment contributions;

4. Claims based on the concept of “piercing the veil” of the LLC;

5. Liability for consenting to or receiving a distribution in violation of the LLC’s operating agreement or the applicable LLC statute.

These claims are not a result of choosing an LLC over a corporation, or vice versa. All of these exceptions apply equally to shareholders in corporations and members of LLC’s. But, there are many exceptions to the rule of limited liability. Many LLC members or shareholders will find that, due to the way the business was operated, the promised protection from the liabilities and claims of the business is not meaningful.

Important Factors Used to Pierce the Veil

The courts will generally determine whether or not you, or the other owners, have conducted the business as a separate and distinct entity, and not as the ‘alter ego’ of the owner(s), as stated. But what actions or non-actions by the owners demonstrate this in the eyes of the courts? State courts will look at all of the separate facts and the circumstances of each case to determine whether or not to pierce the corporate veil. There are some common factors that show a court your business was set up as a sham or was an extension of yourself. Under capitalization, where it is clearly shown, is an important factor. But, it is not an absolute ground for piercing the corporate veil by itself without other factors existing.

Here are the most common and key factors considered by the courts in determining whether to pierce the corporate veil:

1. Whether the corporation follows corporate formalities (I.e., creating and following the requirements and procedures set forth in the bylaws, keeping minutes of shareholder and board of directors meetings and creating resolutions for important company actions);

2. Absence of corporate records;

3. Inadequate capitalization. The corporation is under-capitalized at the time transactions with creditors or others wishing the corporate veil to be pierced were entered, or simply not enough capitalization to get the particular corporation running). State laws govern the formation of a corporation. Inevitably, these laws set forth amounts or formulas for determining the minimum capitalization amount required for a corporation. You must review the laws in your state to determine the amount and make sure you meet the contribution minimums. Simply put, the lack of capitalization means the corporation was never a viable entity because it had insufficient funds to back debt obligations;

4. Whether the major shareholders are using money from the corporation for their personal use (I.e. when the shareholder(s) takes money from the corporation to pay their personal bills or buy gifts for themselves, etc.) or where they use other assets for personal use or gain;

5. Non-functioning of other officers or directors (having officers and directors who do nothing and were put in place by a majority shareholder, but are not actively involved in the directing the business and affairs of the corporation);

6. Commingling of funds and other assets between major shareholders and the corporation (or LLC);

7. No corporate assets whatsoever;

8. Use of corporation to transfer liability of another (usually a shareholder);

9. Failure to issue stock and non-payment of dividends;

10. Failure to keep records of expenses and gross receipts;

11. Contracting with another without the intent to ever perform on the obligations;

12. Failure to maintain arms-length transactions with third parties.

These are not the only factors the courts have considered, only some of the most common and ones you should absolutely follow at all times.

Piercing the Corporate Veil of LLC’s

Generally, a member or manager is not personally liable for a debts, obligations, or liability of the LLC solely by reason of being or acting as a member or manager. However the concept of piercing the corporate veil does apply to LLC’s and the courts can and have permitted members of LLC’s to be personally liable in some instances. Some states including Minnesota and Colorado have adopted statutes that specifically apply the concept of piercing the corporate veil to LLC’s. In other jurisdictions, such as Connecticut, Louisiana, Georgia, California, etc., it is the courts that have generally applied the concept of piercing the corporate veil to LLC’s through case decisions.

Despite what you hear about LLC’s, the Members will be personally liable if the corporate veil of the LLC is pierced by a court similar to shareholders. The courts will apply the same general alter ego analysis used for piercing corporations, but sometimes without regard to a lack of corporate formalities. While some corporate formalities do not have to be followed under the LLC organizational statutes, this does not give the members of an LLC carte blanche to operate as they please and avoid personal liability. For instance, annual meetings are not required under most state LLC statutes nor is there any detailed notice requirements for meetings and elections. But, certain corporate formalities common to both entities should be followed the same basic recommendations that corporations must follow should be followed by owners of an LLC operating an Internet business.

Actions of an Owner as a Director, Officer or Manager

Shareholders, officers, directors and members of an LLC are always personally liable for their individual criminal acts. They are also always personally liable for their own direct acts or omissions that result in harm to persons or property (I.e. torts), even when those acts were done during the course of company business. For instance, if you are an electrician and you leave a faulty wire exposed, the fact you have formed an LLC will not shield you from this negligence.

Similarly, if you drive the company vehicle and injure someone on your way to a business meeting, you are still always personally liable for your own personal actions. To the extent you direct or authorize in your capacity as director, officer or manager an action that is or results in a criminal act or causes damage to persons or property, you can be held personally liable. Every member who actively participates in the business of the LLC or corporation runs the risk that his action or inaction will result in personal liability. This is particularly a risk of a service business in which the members provide the key service. In the example I used above, if you are an electrician and you leave an exposed wire that electrocutes someone, your LLC is not going to protect you. The same thing holds true if you are a shareholder.

If you make promises about your product or service that are not true, there may be a claim against the entity for breach of contract. However, if the LLC cannot perform or pay damages, the injured party may come after you for fraud or a similar claim based upon your own action. Even if you have an employee who committed the action, you may not be out of the woods. If you personally hired the employee, the injured party may have a claim against you for negligent hiring if a reasonable person would not have hired that employee.

Continue Reading

How to

What is Resin Furniture?

Published

on

By

For several reasons, resin furniture has become a popular alternative to wooden furniture created for outdoor use. It looks similar to painted wood, but it is much easier to care for. Unlike stained or painted wood that you may have to retouch every few years, resin requires little maintenance. You can clean it easily. Because it is durable, it holds up well to outdoor use.

Natural resin is a solid or semisolid substance that various plants secrete. It may be used to manufacture various products. Resin furniture, however, is made from synthetic resins. The synthetic varieties behave much like the natural ones, and they share some common properties. But the synthetic kind is used mostly for manufacturing plastics. Therefore, consumers concerned about conserving trees may find this class of furniture a suitable alternative. Also, consumers concerned about the constant manufacturing of new plastics should know that poly resin furniture is made from recycled plastics.

These are not your average plastic deck chairs. Check some of the available patio products, and you will find that resin furniture looks similar to painted wood furniture. When you shop for patio pieces to expand your collection, you can find everything from tables and chairs to rockers, gliders, and swings. The furniture comes in a variety of colors, sizes, and styles. Brown, white, black, green, yellow, pink, blue. Adirondack, high back, low back, Mission, Savannah, Nautical. The options are just as numerous as the ones you will find in any other material.

If you’ve ever cleaned any plastic deck chairs or other plastic furniture, you’ll understand why resin furniture is so easy to maintain and clean. A wipe with a damp cloth is all you need to swipe away dust and sticky spills. If the furniture becomes heavily soiled, you can use a hose without fearing that you will damage an expensive wood piece. A little soap and water should suffice for extra cleaning power. Other materials may require special cleaning products. In addition, wood furniture often takes longer to clean and dry. Moisture can’t soak into resin furniture.

Wood furniture also requires more regular maintenance. If you have a stained or painted wood piece, you usually have to reapply stain every few years or touch up the paint. If peeling occurs, you may have to sand and repaint the whole piece. This maintenance requires a seasonal evaluation of the furniture’s condition. It can also require a considerable investment of time if the furniture needs extensive maintenance. Resin, on the other hand, needs no such retouching or repainting, while you can enjoy the same painted look.

Resin requires little maintenance. It cleans up with minimal effort and time. You can find products in all kinds of styles and colors. The material holds up well to outdoor use. Rain and snow don’t cause it to rot like certain woods, chip and flake like certain paints, or rust like certain metals. It’s made from recycled plastic. For these reasons, resin furniture has become a popular choice for shoppers of outdoor furniture.

Continue Reading

How to

How Can Classified Ad Booking Service Help You?

Published

on

By

The ways of marketing have transformed from print to digital. This has not just helped businesses to convey their message faster, but has also catered to greater number of customer base. Businesses can now post their online classified ads without investing much money or energy.

If you are planning to post your classified newspaper ad online, you need to get in touch with the professionals in the field. There are many advertising agencies and websites that offer easy booking of classified ads, at reasonable price. However, it is very crucial for you to do your part of the research work in order to get in touch a reliable agency or website.

Below mentioned are few reasons why you need to take professional help:

1 – The conventional way of publishing newspaper ads is way more expensive. However, online classified ad booking services, you can have your online advertisements published on any online newspaper without spending much. Moreover, booking it online will also help you in making your message travel far and faster, and generate traffic to your website.

2 – Being the easiest and best advertising option, online classified ads booking by reputed agency will also help you save time. The service providers will book your ads in different and relevant online newspapers, while you can concentrate on other important business dealings. This can help you get good value for your money, as your ad will be posted in different sites in no time and with just a small fee.

3 – Another advantage of hiring a reputed agency to book classified ads is that you can avail a wide array of promotions that will let you attract more viewers to your website. You can let your potential customers know more about your brand, your services or your products. You can also avail different service packages in most of the service providers. This will help you in choosing the package that best suits your brand or business.

4 – If you have set your budget and ad message, the reliable agencies providing ad booking service will let help you with options for you to enhance your reach. You will be able to increase your client, and will also be able to reach every corner of the world. In just a limited set time, your website can rank amongst the top in all search engines.

Therefore, if you want to post a classified ad, you need to get in touch with the experts. You can contact ReleaseOrder, a media agency that brings forth innovative, strategic and effective media planning that will not just help you in posting your classified ad, but will also help you in attracting many customers within no time. For information you need to log on and check the website. Let the experts handle your online classified advisement!

Continue Reading

How to

How Do You Define a Good Logo Design?

Published

on

By

Everyone wants his company logo to be the best but how good is good? How do we define a good logo? Is it necessary to be colorful or an exquisite piece of art? Can a simple design work as a good logo? We are often in a dilemma.

Now to define a good logo design we first need to understand the purpose of having a logo. A corporate logo is one of the most essential branding elements for your company. It should be instrumental in building your corporate identity and should successfully exude the company’s attitude. The viewers must have some idea about the disposition, character, or fundamental values of your company through your logo. The functionality of a logo does not end here, I have not yet mentioned the most important function of a corporate logo. Your logo should be able to build a positive, strong and long lasting impression on existing and prospective customers. The very moment a person views your logo, even a part of it, he should think of your company.

Just think of some of the all time great logos, McDonalds’, IBM, Nike– the moment you see their logos, even if you see a part of it or may be in Black and White (there comes another important aspect!) are you able to think of anything else than the respective company? The answer is definitely NO! The first thing that comes to your mind is the name of the company. This shows how strong an impression their logo leaves in our mind. Isn’t that, what all of us are looking for?

How do you get your logo to leave such a strong long lasting impression? The key to this question is to make it easy to remember. Companies often make the mistake of thinking that a complicated artistic design might work well for them, while the reverse is true, in most cases. The simpler your logo is, the easier it is to remember and so it leaves a stronger impression on the people.

You also need to think of all the possible mediums where you are going to use your logo. You are not going to use your logo in only one medium, you might use it on your business cards and stationery, you might use it in your website, you might also use it in the conventional media like newspaper classifieds and magazines. This is why it is most important to inform your logo designers about the possible mediums where you are going to use your logo. You should also check if your logo looks good in Black and White, because tomorrow if you need to get a document in black and white with your logo on it, it should be very easily compatible to that as well.

In the beginning of this article, I have mentioned, that your logo can successfully convey the character and nature of your business to its viewers. How do we do that? There are a host of factors that are considered before designing a logo. When you place an order for a logo design, as a client it is your responsibility to give a clear brief of your company profile, the industry you are in and the nature of logo that you are looking for, to the designers. If you are not sure about the nature of logo that suits your company, let the logo design firm decide on that. There are many logo design companies who are experienced and they will be much better equipped to suggest you the correct type of logos. Any good logo design firm would conduct a market research about the different types of logos used in your industry by your competitors and their impact on the people. Based on that they will deliver you a set of logos from which you can choose any one and then they will customize that to your perfection.

If you have any corporate colors, as we have red for McDonalds’, it will be wise to suggest the designers to use that color in your logo-any good designer would anyhow do that.

One last word, as with any other industry, it is definitely beneficial to buy professional service than to go for any amateur designs just to save a few dollars. You might be the best in your industry but they know their job better than you, so if you want to get a good result, try to depend on your logo design company. I do understand that there are certain logo design companies that charge exorbitant rate to create a logo design but the industry is changing. These days there are companies that offer excellent logos for nominal charges. So before you decide to place your order for your logo design, check the portfolio of the company and then check the price tag. You can definitely find some professional logo designs at affordable rates.

Continue Reading

How to

Proofreading – What is Reading Against Copy?

Published

on

By

Proofreaders often get confused by the term ‘reading against copy’, so in this article I will try to explain what the term means.

There are two ways in which a proofreader may be asked to work: either by reading against copy, or performing a straight (blind) reading.

When she is asked to read against copy, the proofreader will be provided with the author’s original typescript (or a copy of this) with the editor’s corrections marked on it, and a set of proofs produced by the typesetter. The proofreader then compares the proofs with the edited typescript, going through both, word by word, line by line, to ensure that the author’s text (together with any editorial amendments) has been faithfully rendered, with no errors introduced at the typesetting stage.

When performing a straight or blind reading, the proofreader will be supplied with proofs only and not the original typescript. In this case, the proofreader cannot know whether the original typescript has been correctly reproduced along with the editor’s corrections. Her role is simply to check the proofs for content, marking up any clear errors in spelling, punctuation, and so on, that she may find.

When reading against copy, most proofreaders operate by scanning a few words of the original typescript, then checking to see that these appear correctly on the proofs, with any editorial corrections properly implemented. Where there is a difference (if, for example, an apostrophe has been omitted), the proofreader indicates this with the appropriate mark.

For each correction, one mark must be made in the text itself and another in the margin. This is done in order to ensure that, when the typesetter comes to incorporate the proofreader’s corrections, he does not inadvertently skip over any of them.

Errors made by the typesetter must be highlighted with one color pen, mistakes by the author/copy editor with another. This is not in order to apportion blame, but to decide who should pay for the amendments. The standard system of color coding is shown below:

Red: This is used to show mistakes which have been introduced into the text by the typesetter.

Blue: This is used to show errors made by the author and missed by the copy editor, and errors made by the copy editor herself.

(NOTE: some publishers prefer black ink to blue — you will be advised of this when you start working for them).

Green: This color is reserved for the typesetter’s own queries or corrections.

The cost of ‘red’ corrections will be borne by the typesetter, while that of ‘blue’ corrections will be met by the publisher (or, in severe cases, the author). With a straight reading, of course, you will not know whose responsibility any errors might be. In this case, you will mark up all corrections in a single color (usually red).

As a freelance proofreader you are likely to be offered more straight readings than readings against copy. This is because the amended typescript is normally returned to the copy editor for her to check against the proofs. The proofreader’s role is regarded more as providing back-up: a fresh pair of eyes which may spot obvious mistakes overlooked by an editor jaded by over-familiarity. Although the amended typescript could be copied and sent to the proofreader as well, in practice this is often felt by publishers to be too much trouble. This may not be ideal, but it explains why proofreaders are more likely to be asked to perform a straight reading rather than reading against copy.

Continue Reading

How to

How To Win More Negotiations By Using Power Right – Negotiation Tip of the Week

Published

on

By

What does power look like in negotiations? Is it encompassed in the outcome (i.e. he who obtains the most is more powerful)? Is it encapsulated within the flow of the negotiation, or does it stem from another source? You can win more negotiations by using power right, but first, you must know how and when to deploy your power. Thus, your assessment of how to present the presence of power should be based on the negotiator type that you’re negotiating with.

Lead or Led

Power in a negotiation may take the form of the person that’s leading or the person that’s led. In the former situation, a false pretense can be assumed because he assumes he’s in the lead. That can lend itself to a false sense of bravado, which might cause one to expose his hand.

On the other hand, some people prefer to be led in a negotiation. Of the four personality types of negotiators (i.e. Hard/Closed, Hard/Open, Easy/Closed, Easy/Open) the ‘Easy/Open’ negotiator type is the one most susceptible to being led.

Hard/Closed:

The most combative of the negotiator types will be the ‘hard/closed’ negotiator. His mental perspective is, ‘the only way I can win is if you lose.’ Thus, he’ll fight you for every gain you acquire and be very reluctant to make concessions unless he receives something in return. Just as an aside, some negotiators will adopt this posture to assess your response. That means this style of negotiation is not his preferred manner to negotiate. You can gain insight into the validity of his attempts by adopting the same demeanor, making a small concession and seeing how he responds or challenging him per his demeanor. In either case, don’t engage too deeply until you’ve gained enough of an assessment to know definitively what he’s up to.

Hard/Open:

This negotiator type will not be as rigid as the ‘hard/closed’ type, but she may be close. She won’t be as gruff. Her demeanor will be one of allowing you the hope of acquiring more of what you seek if you go along with her plans.

With this type, go slow. Allow her to lead you to gain insight into her plans. Again, make small concessions when appropriate and request concessions to determine how amenable she might be to a give and take process. Don’t attempt to be heavy-handed with her. If you do, she may stiffen and become the ‘hard/closed’ type.

Easy/Closed:

The ‘easy’ type of negotiators are the most amenable types to negotiate with. While the ‘easy/closed’ type will be the most difficult between the two, she will still be more open than the ‘closed’ types.

With this type of negotiator, adopt a power position; this is to let her know that you recognize the power you possess in the negotiation. Don’t pose it as an outright threat. Instead, position it as the silent stick that can be employed if the carrot doesn’t work.

Easy/Open:

This is the easiest type to negotiate with. He will be amenable to following your lead. Be sure not to spook him. If he feels safe in the negotiation, he’ll follow your lead without question; he’ll even do so to his detriment. But he wants things to appear fair, so be aware of this trait in him. The best power to employ is the appearance of no power. Let him think he’s in the lead and you can lead him from behind.

When using power in a negotiation, the way you employ it based on the negotiator type will impact the success you have with it. By knowing when and how to employ your power, you’ll be in a more powerful position throughout the negotiation… and everything will be right with the world.

Remember, you’re always negotiating!

Continue Reading

Trending