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Alcohol’s Effects in the Brain

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Alcohol can make you laugh or it can make you cry, it can make you lively or make you sleepy, it can boost your confidence or make you act the fool. How can alcohol have all these different effects on people? If we want to know how alcohol affects our moods and behaviors we must first understand a bit about how the brain works.

The human brain is made up of about 100 billion nerve cells (also known as neurons). Everything that we think, feel or do is the result of electrical signals passing back and forth between neurons. These electrical signals require the help of chemicals called neurotransmitters in order to pass from neuron to neuron. Scientists have identified around 60 different neurotransmitters so far and tell us that there are probably many more yet to be identified.

Different neurotransmitters have different effects in the brain. For example, serotonin is connected with mood. People suffering from clinical depression tend to have a shortage of serotonin in their brains, and medications like Prozac can help to alleviate depression by increasing the availability of serotonin in the brain. Endorphins are a class of neurotransmitters which act as the brain’s natural painkillers.

Electrical signals in the brain are transmitted in the following manner: The neuron which is sending the electrical signal releases a neurotransmitter, and the neuron which is receiving the electrical signal accepts the neurotransmitter at a site which is called a receptor. When the neurotransmitter from the first neuron chemically binds to the receptor of the second neuron the electrical signal is transmitted. Neurotransmitters and receptors work like locks and keys: there is at least one different receptor for each different neurotransmitter. For example, an endorphin receptor can only be triggered by and endorphin, a serotonin receptor can only be triggered by serotonin, and so on. Different neurons have different receptors. Some neurons will only be triggered by serotonin, some only by an endorphin, and so on for all the different neurotransmitters.

Okay–now what does all of this have to do with alcohol?

Every mood altering substance from heroin to coffee has an effect on the neurotransmitter system of the brain. Some psychoactive drugs affect only one specific neurotransmitter system, whereas others affect many. Morphine, for example, mimics the neurotransmitter beta-endorphin–a natural painkiller found in the brain. Morphine is shaped like beta-endorphin and binds to the beta-endorphin receptors thus acting as a painkiller and also giving rise to feelings of pleasure. Caffeine is shaped like Adenosine and acts on the adenosine receptors. Alcohol on the other hand affects many different neurotransmitters, not just one, Why is this?

Morphine and caffeine are both large molecules. Neurotransmitters are also large molecules. Morphine and caffeine have the effects which they do because of their similarity in shape to neurotransmitters which occur naturally in the brain. Alcohol on the other hand is a quite small molecule. Alcohol does not mimic a neurotransmitter. So then how does alcohol affect neurotransmitters?

Alcohol is a fat soluble molecule. Fats (called lipids) are a major component of all cell membranes, including the cell membranes of neurons. Alcohol enters the cell membranes of neurons and changes their properties. Receptors are located on cell membranes and this means that receptor properties are altered by the presence of alcohol. Cell membranes also control the release of neurotransmitters and this means that the release of neurotransmitters is also affected by the presence of alcohol.

The effects of alcohol on receptors and neurotransmitters have been well documented for several neurotransmitters and their corresponding receptors. These effects are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1: Alcohol’s Effect on Neurotransmitters and Receptors

  • Glutamate
    • Alcohol inhibits glutamate receptor function
    • This causes muscular relaxation, discoordination, slurred speech, staggering, memory disruption, and blackouts
    • Ether and chloroform have similar effects on the glutamate system
  • GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)

    • Alcohol enhances GABA receptor function
    • This causes feelings of calm, anxiety-reduction and sleep
    • Valium has a similar effect on the GABA system
  • Dopamine

    • Alcohol raises dopamine levels
    • This leads to excitement and stimulation
    • Cocaine and amphetamine have similar effects on the dopamine system
  • Endorphins

    • Alcohol raises endorphin levels
    • This kills pain and leads to an endorphin “high”
    • Morphine and heroin have similar effects on the endorphin system

Drugs like morphine or cocaine have been referred to as “chemical scalpels” because of their very precise effects on just one neurotransmitter system. Alcohol on the other hand is much more like a chemical hand grenade in that it affects just about all parts of the brain and all neurotransmitter systems. Alcohol affects all these systems at the same time. When people drink alcohol they become lively and excited because alcohol raises dopamine levels just as cocaine does, although alcohol does not raise dopamine levels anywhere near as much as cocaine does. When people drink alcohol they feel calm and lose their anxieties because alcohol makes the GABA receptors function more efficiently just like valium does. The reason that people tend to fall asleep after drinking alcohol or taking valium is also due to this effect on the GABA receptor. And alcohol has a painkilling effect like morphine and produces a high similar to morphine because it causes a release of endorphins into the brain thus raising the endorphin levels. (Note that the effect of morphine is different from alcohol in its mechanism–morphine imitates endorphins and binds to endorphin receptors whereas alcohol increases the amounts of the endorphins in the brain.) Finally we come to glutamate. Alcohol greatly inhibits the functioning of the glutamate receptor. Glutamate is responsible for the formation of new memories as well as for muscular coordination. It is alcohol’s effect on the glutamate receptor which leads to slurred speech, and staggering in people who have consumed alcohol, as well as the inability to remember what one did that night when the morning after comes. Perhaps the only positive effect of this effect on the glutamate receptor is a feeling of muscular relaxation. Many negative effects of alcohol such as automobile fatalities due to drunk driving are the result of the loss of coordination caused by alcohol’s effect on the glutamate receptor. Even small amounts of alcohol have a major impact on coordination–so never, never drink and drive.

You have probably observed that alcohol seems to have different effects on different people. Some people quickly become sleepy after drinking just a little alcohol whereas others become animated and want to just go, go, go. Research on mice suggests that this difference is genetic. Scientists have been able to breed strains of mice which quickly go to sleep after ingesting alcohol. They have also been able to breed strains of mice which become very active after ingesting alcohol. This strongly suggests that genetics determines which neurotransmitter system is most strongly affected by alcohol in which individual. Individuals who become sleepy soon after drinking probably have their GABA system more strongly affected by alcohol. And individuals who become lively and excited after drink probably have their dopamine system most strongly affected.

The effects of alcohol on the brain do not end when alcohol is completely metabolized and out of the system–what happens next is something called neurotransmitter rebound. This rebound effect is most easily illustrated if we look at what happens to many people when they use a drink or two as a sleep aid. These people often tend to wake up in the middle of the night and find themselves unable to fall back asleep. What is happening is this–alcohol has enhanced the functioning of the GABA system and has made these people feel relaxed and sleepy. The entire time that alcohol is present the GABA system is struggling to overcome the effects of alcohol and return to normal functioning. When all the alcohol is finally out of the body, the GABA system overshoots the mark and leaves people feeling restless and wide awake. This is why alcohol is not a good sleep aid. Large quantities of alcohol can keep a person asleep longer, but drinking large quantities of alcohol has its own negative effects. Neurotransmitter rebound seems also to be implicated in symptoms of hangovers such as hyper-sensitivity to light and in alcohol withdrawal syndrome giving rise to feelings of anxiety and panic and other symptoms as well.

Some medications used to treat alcohol abuse such as campral and naltrexone work by affecting the neurotransmitter systems. Naltrexone (also called revia) is an opioid receptor antagonist. Naltrexone works by binding to the endorphin receptors (which are sometimes also called opioid receptors) and blocking them off so that opiates cannot bind to these receptors. Unlike opiates or endorphins naltrexone has no painkilling effects and no pleasurable effects. Naltrexone simply blocks off the endorphin receptors so that neither opiates nor endorphins can have their painkilling or pleasurable effects. Naltrexone is highly effective with people who use opiates such as morphine or heroin since these drugs have no effect at all when the receptors are blocked by naltrexone. Naltrexone has some effect in helping people to abstain from alcohol or to moderate their use, however it is not as effective with alcohol as with opiates because alcohol affects many different neurotransmitters. The downside of naltrexone is that the body’s natural painkillers, the endorphins, are unable to do their job when it is present. People taking naltrexone are advised to wear medic-alert bracelets so that doctors will know that painkillers are ineffective on these people.

Campral (also known as acamprosate) is a glutamate receptor modulator. Campral helps eliminate cravings for alcohol in long term heavy drinkers. It is hypothesized that long term heavy drinking upsets the glutamate neurotransmitter system and that campral helps to restore this to normal.

No discussion of alcohol and the brain would be complete without a mention of possible brain damage caused by alcohol abuse. It is likely that we have all heard that drinking kills brain cells. However, does scientific evidence bear out this common folk saying? A 1993 study by Jensen and Pakkenberg published in Lancet titled “Do alcoholics drink their neurons away?” compared the brains of alcoholics to the brains of non-alcoholics. This study found that the white matter of the brains of alcoholics was significantly depleted. The gray matter, however, was the same in both alcoholics and non-alcoholics. This is interesting since it is the gray matter that does the thinking. The gray matter has been compared to a network of computers, and the white matter to the cables linking them together. The brain does not produce new gray matter to replace that which is lost. The brain can, however, produce new white matter to replace white matter which has been lost. The researchers concluded that loss of white matter do to heavy drinking may possibly not constitute irreparable damage.

There is, however, a form of irreparable brain damage which can be caused by long term heavy drinking. This is Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, also known as “wet brain”. Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndromeis not caused by a loss of brain cells–it is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (also known as thiamine). Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome can have several causes including extreme malnutrition, prolonged periods of vomiting due to morning sickness or an eating disorder, kidney dialysis, stomach stapling, or alcohol abuse. The vast majority of cases of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome which occur in the United States are caused by severe, long-term, heavy drinking. Alcohol can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome because it blocks the absorption of thiamine. Symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome include amnesia, inability to form new memories, confusion, hallucinations, and confabulation. Some of the more severe symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome can be treated with thiamine, however in most cases many of the symptoms persist for a lifetime.

Have scientists discovered everything that there is to know about alcohol’s effects on the brain? It seems that this is clearly not the case. Scientists believe that alcohol likely affects many more neurotransmitters than the four discussed in this article. There is constant and ongoing research to discover how alcohol might affect other neurotransmitters. The future is likely to bring us much new knowledge about alcohol and the brain.

Beauty

Top 5 Natural Face Packs To Remove Wrinkles

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Here are 5 amazing homemade face packs that will help to reduce wrinkles from your skin. Have a look.

  • Homemade Lemon Juice And Egg White

By tightening the skin, the protein present in egg whites reduces wrinkles and improves its elasticity. Break an egg in a bowl, remove the yolk and mix the egg white for 5 minutes. Then add one teaspoon of lemon juice to the egg white. Apply this face pack on your face gently and rinse it off from your face using warm water after 15 to 20 minutes.

  • Homemade Apple Face Pack

Vitamins A, C & E are some of the antioxidants which are found in apples and these play an important role in our quest to achieve younger skin. Premature arrival of wrinkles is also prevented by these antioxidants. Boil an apple and allow it to cool down, mash it after removing the seeds and make a paste, and the add milk powder and honey in the paste. Apply this pack on your face and wash it with cold water after 15 to 20 minutes.

  • Homemade Honey And Papaya Pack

Vitamins A, C and E are found in abundance in papaya. You can reduce the signs of ageing like age spots and freckles by using a face pack of papaya and honey. Make a paste of papaya by mashing and then add some honey into it. Apply the paste on your face and wash it with water after 15 to 20 minutes.

  • Homemade Lemon And Honey Face Pack

Lemon juice provides nourishment to dry skin and a healthy, natural glow. Honey is known for increasing skin’s capacity to preserve moisture. Mix a tablespoon of lemon juice and honey each and apply on your face, then wash it with cold water after 15 to 20 minutes.

  • Homemade Cucumber Face Pack

The antioxidants present in cucumber will help you to fight wrinkles. Take a fresh peel of cucumber and grate it properly, then pour 1 teaspoon lemon juice and 1 egg white into the bowl of grated cucumber and make a mixture. Apply this mixture on your face and wash it with warm water after 15 to 20 minutes.

Wrinkles and fine lines develop commonly on our face due to reasons such as ageing or exposure to ultraviolet rays coming from the Sun. Nowadays, you can easily find many beauty products & creams being sold in the market that claim to reduce the signs of ageing.

However, if used in the long run, then many of these beauty products could have a negative effect on the skin. Apart from getting skin treatment, you can also opt for natural remedies to achieve healthy, glowing and youthful skin.

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Beauty

3 Aesthetic Beauty Tips For Achieving and Maintaining a Youthful Rejuvenated Skin

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As we age and are exposed to free radials from the sun, environmental toxins and the aging process, our smooth, soft, vibrant and tight youthful appearance often evolves into fine lines, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation spots, sun spots and often enlarged pores with a rough and dry skin texture. It is easy to be confused by all the anti aging skincare products and claims for breakthrough anti aging treatments.

These 3 tips will help you to understand your options for skin rejuvenation and a total facial renewal without invasive procedures or using products that can actually cause more damage in the long term.

Aesthetic Beauty Tip #1:

Medical grade skin care products are your safest and most effective choice. Many products are not carefully regulated by the FDA and include ingredients that can actually harm your skin. Choose only skin care products made with all natural ingredients that are selected for your specific skin type and needs. This should be determined by a qualified aesthetic practitioner after a careful skin evaluation. Product lines like Obagi Skin Care products and the AFA Amino Acid line by Biopelle are excellent choices.

Aesthetic Beauty Tip #2:

Non-invasive laser skin care treatments can be a remarkable anti aging solution for tightening and rejuvenating the skin. This safe, comfortable technology can be used on the face, neck, hands and other areas of the body and has many applications for anti aging and other beauty treatments, many of which are not offered by cosmetic surgery procedures and injectable fillers such as Botox. Laser skin care treatment offers dramatic anti aging benefits including skin rejuvenating color correction, skin tightening and wrinkle reduction. Laser treatments correct uneven skin tone and eliminate such imperfections as brown spots, sun spots, age spots, red blotches, multiple freckles and rough texture. Other improvements include clearing of problem acne and reducing the flushing red, ruddy complexion of Rosacea. Laser skin treatments can reduce broken capillaries, spider veins of the face and other vascular-based conditions. After a treatment regimen that may range from 5-7 treatments, sun damage and visible signs of aging are significantly reduced, restoring a youthful, clear and radiant complexion.

Aesthetic Beauty Tip #3:

Self treatment for anti aging and skin rejuvenation can limit your results and lead to more problems later on. This is why careful evaluation by a skilled aesthetic professional is highly recommended. With advanced equipment and examination techniques, a trained practitioner will determine the best course of treatment that is likely to produce the best results for achieving your goals. Sometimes skin care products alone are enough while other times your needs will be better met with a combination of laser treatment and a regimen of pharmaceutical grade skin care products.

Before you reach for that product on the shelf, consider finding a reputable skin care professional who can offer you the safest and most effective skin care technologies, techniques and products for reclaiming your most youthful and beautiful skin.

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Beauty

Wellness Is a Business Decision

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No matter how what industry you are in, your people are an asset. I would be willing to bet that your people are your most valuable asset. Where would your business be without your people? What would happen to your business if all of your people disappeared? Worse yet, what would happen if you didn’t take care of them and they broke down?

This question may sound ridiculous, but think about it this way:

You have a maintenance plan for your equipment. You know that if you don’t take care of your equipment, it will break down. You also know that it is far more expensive to do major repairs or replacements than it is to keep up the routine maintenance of your equipment. People are no different. It is far more expensive to wait for major health issues and fix your employees than it is to help them with their own routine maintenance.

The fact that people make businesses go is not a new concept. What’s new is the approach that businesses are now taking to make sure that they are investing in keeping employees running smoothly rather than waiting for problems to fix. The concept has been in place with equipment and machinery for years, but now companies are seeing that their employees are even more valuable than the equipment they are using. They are skilled and able to use things with precision for your business if they are healthy. If they are not healthy, they are not able to do their jobs and therefor the equipment they are using is less valuable.

Not only is an employee far more valuable because of their skills, but they are far more productive when they are at full capacity. Just like the machine that hasn’t been cleaned in a while, employees slow down when they are not “maintained”. Now, many would argue that it is up to each employee to maintain themselves, but the environment they are in is a major factor in how they are able to do that.

Speaking of environment, there is one thing that everyone in your workforce has in common. They are using a valuable and very expensive resource that your company has generously provided. That resource is the benefits plan. They have health insurance to take care of them and to take care of their families. This is not a free resource to most employees in this day and age, but it is still a heavy burden for any company to provide benefits for employees. There are few things you have to do in order to make sure that your health plan (or any system) is as effective as possible:

Training

Teaching employees the best ways to use the plan so that it is cost-effective for the company and for the employee is a smart way to operate. You wouldn’t turn someone loose with a new piece of expensive equipment with our proper training. Why do we provide health benefits without proper training on how to use it?

Accountability

When you train employees, you are holding them accountable for their actions. When an employee’s actions have a negative impact on the company, there are consequences. When you know very clearly that something will cause a negative result in your company, you communicate very clearly so that people are not doing it and if they do they are going to be held accountable. You wouldn’t sit by and watch employees cause damage to any part of your business and cause costs to increase. You would train them not to.

The Connection between People and Business

Wellness is simply the training that your employees need to keep the health plan running smoothly. Wellness mitigates risk and future costs. Wellness is what your health plan needs in order to stop the steady increases each year. Employee health has a direct impact on the plan and the costs, which makes this a serious business conversation. Employees want to live healthy and your company can support them and see positive results on the bottom line and in many other areas, which makes this a people conversation as well.

Health and healthcare are all about your people. You provide them benefits to help them in their personal lives. You provide benefits to keep good people employed and seeking employment at your company. You provide benefits, for the same reasons you do everything else in your business. You want results.

You get many results from your benefits. Those results all depend on what you invest. If you invest nothing other than premiums, you get claims and you get to pay premiums again next year. You are likely paying more each year too. If you invest in employee health, you are able to see improvements in employees, reduction in claims and in turn, your company benefits in multiple ways.

In other words, wellness provides you with results that affect both your employees and your company as a whole. In fact, they are intertwined. As you help your employees reach their goals, they are becoming more engaged, productive and seeing results that make them feel and perform better. As these changes continue, you are seeing better use of the plan and fewer health issues which leads to decreased costs. Wellness is a people decision with business results. Meaning, your health plan and how you manage it is a serious business decision.

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Beauty

Free Beauty Tips

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Hair products, lotions, potions, cosmetics can really put a dent in your wallet. We all want to look our best, but are there ways to invest in our appearance without breaking the bank? If you’re looking for some free beauty tips read on – you’ll be amazed at some of the things you probably already have in your kitchen that can really boost your beauty quotient.

Salon-quality shampoos and conditioners are expensive, and generally for good reason. They contain high quality ingredients and many are made from organic or natural plant sources. Cheaper brands are certainly an option, but some can dry your hair or strip your colour faster. Do you know you can actually make your own shampoo at home? You need to invest in some liquid castile soap, but other than that, you likely have the rest of the ingredients in your kitchen. A good basic recipe is: ¼ cup castile soap (unscented or choose your favourite scent), ¼ cup distilled water, and half a teaspoon of olive oil. Keep in a plastic bottle and shake before using. If you want to add essential oils, put a few drops in before use. Your hair will feel wonderfully light and soft.

A terrific homemade conditioning treatment is also easily whipped up at home. Scoop out a ripe avocado and add a small jar of real mayonnaise and mix them (use your hands!) until blended. Work it into your hair from root to tip, and cover your head with a shower cap. Putting a warm damp towel over the shower cap intensifies the conditioning. Leave on for about 20 minutes then rinse with warm water. Doing this once a week or so will nourish and strengthen your hair.

Applying honey or plain yogurt directly on your skin makes an excellent anti-bacterial face mask. Rinse gently with warm water and you won’t believe how soft and supple your skin feels!

Speaking of water, here’s the easiest free beauty tip of all: drink more of it! We all know we should, but it’s easy to forget our 8 to 10 glasses a day. I know that it’s been said lately that we don’t actually need that much, but I really notice a difference when I’m drinking a lot of water. I feel so much better – probably because I’m not reaching for another cup of coffee when I have a glass of water in front of me all the time. Now that bottled water is passé I keep my stainless steel drinking bottle with me all the time. I refill it wherever I go and just having it there helps me remember to drink. I’ve found it reduces my desire to snack, as it is really filling. My skin feels and looks better, and it also really helps with bloating. Your body doesn’t retain water if its getting lots of water, ironically. When you’re feeling puffy drain a few glasses. You’ll notice the difference.

I hope these free beauty tips help you save a bit of money without skimping on quality treatments for your hair and skin! Treat yourself to organic, natural products that you can easily make yourself, and you can control what goes in and on your body.

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Beauty

Beauty Tips for Luscious Lips

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The last step in your makeup regime is lipstick application. Some women say if they could have only one beauty item it would be lipstick. Lip color brings the whole look together to create harmony. To keep your lips looking perfect, have lip color with you at all times and reapply when needed.

When you select a lip color take in consideration your clothing and blush colors. The color of your clothing and blush should complement your lipstick but doesn’t have to be perfectly matched. However, the colors should be in the same intensity and range. Wear cool colors together and warm colors together. Pink lipsticks go with blue and pink colors and corals and russets go with clothing that falls in a yellow/orange range.

Steps to apply lip color:

1. Prepare your lips by applying foundation over them (this will extend the wear).

2. Outline and define the shape using a lip pencil that has soft, pointed top. Start at the V in your upper lip drawing down to the corners. Then, starting at the middle of the bottom lip draw a line to the corners. To help lipstick stay on longer, use your pencil to cover the lips entirely.

3. Fill in upper lip with lipstick or you can use a lip brush.

4. Fill in the lower lip and then blot with a tissue and reapply.

5. Dab gloss in the centre of your lower lip to create a fuller more glamorous look.

When defining the lips with a lip pencil be sure the pencil and lipstick colors are very close. The lip liner should not be noticeable. Lip liners are meant to keep your lipstick in place, keep lipstick from bleeding, define the shape and help them look more natural. Do not try to change the shape of your lips by going outside the natural line.

* Dark lipsticks will make small lips appear smaller.

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Beauty

Summer 2012 Make Up Trends

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This summer, the warm months will bring with them make up trends that are fun, feminine and energetic. We’ll see colors like coral, orange, pastels and metallics making their appearance on the runway and amongst celebrities and other fashion icons. This summer, you’ll see lighter colors on the lips paired with dark smokey eyes. Be ahead of the game and get your summer beauty essentials early. Below are a few make up trends you’ll see making a big his this summer.

Pastels: Pastel shadows will be popular this summer, with colors like baby pink, blue and purple. Pastel eyeshadow with a little shimmer is best, and looks better and stays on longer when applied on top of primer. Pair it off with just a little liner for a complete look. Get your pastel eyeshadow from a wholesale cosmetics retailer so you can get a large selection for a fraction of the cost.

Flushed Cheeks: Summer make up trends of the past have been bronze and tinted cheeks, but this summer say hello to more natural pink hues. If you have darker skin, you can opt for a darker blush, but still try to still to a color in the pink family. If you want to add some color to your face, use a tinted moisturizer and apply the blush on top. This will give your face that warm summer glow and will keep the blush on longer. You can also add a little shimmer to your cheek bones for a night out.

Metallic Colors: Have fun with your eyes this summer and explore metallic colors in silver, gold, green, blue and purple. Adding these gorgeous colors on your eyes with shadow and liner puts all the focus on your eyes, so go easy on the rest of your face with softer lips and cheeks. Like the pastels, these are great cosmetics to get wholesale so you can order a large selection and have fun mixing and matching the colors.

Orange and Coral Lips: Coral is a beautiful neutral shade that works great with dark eye make up. It comes in an array of tones, so find one that’s right for your skin tone. If coral is a little too neutral for you, or you want to opt for darker lips and lighter eyes, then go for orange lips this summer. You’ll see bright matte orange lips making their big debut this summer, paired with a little orange shimmer on the eyes and cheeks. Bright orange is great for all skin tones.

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Beauty

Young Sexy Lovely: Yet Another YSL Perfumes Masterpiece

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Chic, fresh and light, ‘Young Sexy Lovely’ by Yves Saint Laurent (YSL) is the ideal perfume for the woman of style and fashion. Oozing with the usual YSL perfumes’ quality, this scent is sure to bring out the most feminine side of any attire. Named after the Algerian born designer Yves Henri Donat Dave Mathieu Saint Laurent, this house of fashion, beauty and fragrances has been offering quality items to the elegant, feminine, chic woman for over fifty years now.

Embracing and depicting the values and principles of Yves Saint Laurent, youngest designer to ever run a house of fashion and tyro to Christian Dior himself, YSL’s purpose has made appointed efforts to heighten female looks with elegance and modernity.

This time, and with this perfume, the fashion and beauty house has again excelled. Embodied in a flat, clear crystal bottle with the trademark gold details of Yves Saint Laurent; this glamorous scent is marked with a note of Italian mandarin orange and exotic Nashi pear. The vivacious combination of fruity spirits renders ‘Young Sexy Lovely’ a playful, energetic perfume capable of drawing an air of self-confidence that the entire room will notice.

This great fragrance, regardless, slowly morphs into a slightly serious one thanks to the magnolia and cherry blossoms included into the mix. As the day passes, this fragrance peaks with freshness and ends with a soft light-woods and a whiff of fern.

The key to the YSL perfumes’ stylish rests on the history of the brand itself. It is said that Christian Dior, the fashion genius whose name has too been immortalized on a fashion brand, was so impressed with Saint Laurent’s fashion brilliance that the man became his right hand soon after joining his fashion house at the age of eighteen. Yves’ genius, humility and integrity were such that Dior took to affectionately call him ‘mon dauphin’ (my dolphin), a nickname previously used and exclusive to the heirs of the throne of France.

Yves Saint Laurent was a man who lived by this motto: ‘It’s better to have honor than to have honors’. That was translated in professional, devoted work marked with humbleness in an industry where vanity and pride reign. Regardless of him coming off as more quiet and shy than witty, his genius was such that he was the first (and, to this day, only) fashion designer to have his work shown in the Metropolitan Museum of New York. Such is the man and spirit behind every YSL fashion piece and perfume.

Following the vision of the house creator, Yves Saint Laurent’s creative staff once again develops a fragrance that provide any woman with grace and sensuality with this discreet yet stunning scent.

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HEALTH

Womens Health For Longevity

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When we refer to women’s health it covers a wide spectrum of issues. For the purpose of this article we are going to share some specific tips to help you improve your quality of life by addressing diet and exercise and by touching on the subject of prevention.

Prevention in actual fact is very much related to diet and exercise but it also involves getting routine checkups to make sure nothing has gone astray. With routine check ups you may catch a disease in early development which will improve your ability to cure it.

In relation to diet you need to drink plenty of water. The vast majority of the human body is made up of water, in actual fact about eighty percent of the brain. As a result of this your brain needs to be hydrated. If there is a lack of water it can trigger stress hormones which over time will have adverse affects on your health.

As for food, its funny but eating less can actually help you to have a longer life. To achieve this goal, slowly change to smaller portions, then eat foods and drink liquids with less calories. In effect you want to increase nutrition and reduce calorie intake.

When it comes to foods and diet we often hear that you need to eat less fat. This is not necessarily true, when it comes to fats its like anything else, there are good fats and bad fats. Good fats in actual fact can help you to lose weight. Omega fatty acids help with the cell functions in the brain. Brain function is extremely important because as you know, a healthy mind means a healthy body.

Next up are antioxidants. Antioxidants can be found in fruit and veggies, these antioxidants help in the battle against free radicals and free radicals when produced in toxic amounts are bad for you. You can find antioxidants in fruits such as berries, and vegetables such as spinach.

Women face a variety of health concerns that are exclusive to them. That is why, in order to live a long and healthy life, women must take special care of their bodies. Probiotic supplements for women are a good option in maintaining good health because they aid in the regulation of vaginal pH, digestion, and urinary tract health.

Nutrition which is the study of foods and nutrients is essential. The balance between carbohydrates, protein and fats will result in optimal health. Once again you need carbs and there are carbs which are good for you and there are carbs which are not. When referring to balance it basically means the right portions of each type of nutrient and food. Remember everything in moderation, and keep it simple.

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Beauty

Why Do Some Women Show More Scalp In Their Part Line?

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I recently heard from a woman who told me that over the last couple of years, she had noticed her hair’s part line widening. In fact, she said that if she compared photos of herself from a few years ago with photos today, her scalp showing through her part line was much more noticeable in the recent photos. She asked: “now that I suspect there’s an issue with my part, I’m starting to notice that some women just show more scalp in their part line. Why does this happen? Is it normal? Should I worry about it? I don’t like how it looks and I worry that it will be very noticeable in the future.” I’ll try to address these concerns in the following article.

Some Women Naturally Have A Wider Part Line: Your part line is that area in your hair right on top of your head where your hair parts and falls on both sides. This doesn’t happen if you pull your hair straight back or put it in a ponytail, but most people see their part line unless they purposely style their hair in a different way. If your hair is thicker and you have more of it, your part line will often be quite thin or barely noticeable because there are a lot of strands pushing up on both sides. But, if your hair is thinner or more sparse, you may well have a wider line because there is less hair on both sides.

Some women just normally have finer textured hair or less strands and this has always been true for them. In fact, many women can look at photos of themselves when they were a child and will notice that their part looks similar then to the way it does now. In this case, you may not be talking about a hair loss, hair thinning, or androgenic issue because the part that you see now is the one that you have always had and this is what is normal for you.

Sometimes, Your Part Line Is Showing More Scalp Because Or Hair Loss Or Hair Thinning Issues: It can be normal for hair to thin out about as we age. Few of us have the same head of hair that we had in our teens. But people without noticeable hair loss issues generally have enough hair to adequately cover all areas of their scalp, including their part.

And sometimes, when this is no longer happening, you’ll want to explore whether you have a hair loss, hair thinning, or an androgenic issue happening. Probably the most common cause of seeing more scalp is the hair thinning condition of androgenic alopecia (or AGA.) With this condition, not only does more hair fall out (because it is adversely affected by androgens) but the hair that grows back because more fine and miniaturized as it regrows, which means that it takes more hair to provide the same coverage.

Of course, any issue that causes reasonably dramatic hair loss can cause changes in the coverage that you have on your scalp. If you have less hair (for whatever reason) then you are going to have less coverage to work with. But, the top of the scalp is a common area where you see typically see androgenic issues, although the presence of a wide part line doesn’t always mean that AGA is present. There are many possibilities. Sometimes, the coverage is what is normal for the person. And other times, a hair loss or thinning issue is taking place and still needs to be identified.

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Beauty

Bread and Butter Basics – Hair Health With Homeopathy

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No one wants to lose their hair. Whether it’s a result of middle age for men, the aftermath of menopause for women or after a fever, the loss of hair can be a trying event. Hair loss can also be attributable to drug use, prescribed or not. Even hereditary hair loss can sometimes be halted with the correct natural care. This is where homeopathy and simple kitchen methods can be employed.

Homeopathy is a medical discipline that has been shown to halt the loss of hair and put the sufferer in order. Because the word homeopathy includes the word “home”, many assume it means home remedies. Home remedies can indeed be useful in regaining and maintaining our health, but, homeopathy is actually a form of medicine with a record that dates back to the late 1700’s and has been accepted throughout the world ever since. Unfortunately, this has not been the case in the United States since modern medicine was so enamored with antibiotics that it no longer considered homeopathy of value. This is changing and rapidly so. The premise of homeopathy is that the body has the ability to bring itself to health when given the correct stimulus. Well chosen homeopathic remedies offer that stimulus.

So how can homeopathy help with hair loss? If the loss is fairly recent and hair is still falling, then homeopathy has been shown to more likely aid the situation. There are many remedies that can cover the issue of hair loss, but before contacting a professional homeopath, it certainly would be prudent to give the following remedies a try.

The first remedy to consider is Calc phos 6x. This is particularly useful for hair loss due to a fever; however, it can also restore hair without that symptom. It should be given three times each day for several weeks. In the old homeopathy books written by homeopathic doctors in the United Kingdom, Silica 6x and Calc fluor 6x are also consdered good choices for the loss of hair and it is suggested that they be alternated so that one day three doses of Silica can be taken, while on the alternate day, Calc fluor 6x will replace Silica.

Although not considered homeopathy, diet can be a substantial contributor to either the loss of hair or the gaining of lustrous hair. A diet rich in animal and tropical fats is of the greatest value. That is, butter, coconut oil and palm kernel oil. Making a habit of consuming these oils rich in vitamins required for healthy hair and skin can insure no further loss of hair and may reinstitute the growth. In fact, it is likely that if these quality foods have been missing in the diet, that it might be the cause of the problem in the first place. Additionally, any of these natural oils applied to the scalp can invigorate hair health.

If these simple ideas find you without results, consider consulting with a homeopath who can take the situation to a more personal level. The combination of homeopathy and natural diet change is natural and rational. It is not capricious like its modern medicine counterpart. Homeopathy and a high quality diet are true medicines for people who want to empower themselves. Good bread and butter common sense for intelligent action.

The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice. The reader is encouraged to make independent inquires and to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare provider.

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