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Choosing The Right LED Or Reflective Film Enabled Traffic Signs

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We must all have seen many traffic signs on the roads when we commute to work every day. These signs include directions, warnings, alerts, caution about danger zones and just about every other information that will let you know if you can travel in that route or not. When you want to buy traffic signs for your property or commercial/residential establishment, you have to watch out for a lot of things. The first one would be visibility. What purpose would it fulfil if you install a traffic sign that cannot be read by all? Next, you need to decide on the materials that will make your sign look brighter. LED bulbs, with their great energy saving capacity and high efficiency, are one of the first choices of owners these days. You could also print your traffic signs on huge reflective films and get them stuck on hoardings in key areas. Here are a few points that you need to keep in mind when you choose these traffic signs.

Reflective films

When you are looking for a perfect traffic sign printing solution, you need to be clear on the answers to the following concepts:

a. How do you plan to use your traffic signs and would you like to specialise in a core traffic-regulated market? Are you looking to print only traffic signs or other things as well?

b. What should would you like your sign to be printed on? Do you want a mix of printing that will enable printing on sheets and rolls or do you want only one of those?

c. What kind of reflective film would you need to print your sign on? How much of ink adhesion are you looking at?

LED Signs

LED Traffic Signs are quite powerful and are very durable as well. These signs have great visibility and can be used to denote various alerts for road users. If you are looking for a LED-powered traffic signboard, you need to be aware of the following concepts:

a. How many LEDs are required in a sign? You should know that when you use more LEDs, the number of pixels in your sign goes up and increases the visibility of your sign from a long distance. When you choose lesser number of LEDs for your signs, they become weak and non-comprehendible.

b. From how far would the signs be viewed by the road users? This is an important point to remember because, if your signs are located close to the traffic, they will be viewed from a very close distance. Hence, you don’t have to invest in lots of pixels to make your sign huge and bright.

How much should be the ideal budget for this? LED bulbs consume very little energy and have a long life. This makes them costlier than the other fluorescent bulbs. Therefore, it is highly recommended to spend judiciously and invest on these signs only after clearly assessing the viewing angles, so that you don’t waste money on a sign that could have been in a smaller and cheaper way.

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The Three Phases of DUI "Detection"

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Contrary to public belief, it is not illegal to drink and drive. It is illegal to drive while under the influence of alcohol, drive while intoxicated, drive while impaired, or drive in a condition that your state says is illegal. Believe it or not, police officers are trained to recognize when a driver is in that condition. Now, before I get too far, I want to point out that I am a DUI attorney in Maryland, Virginia, and DC. But this is not legal advice. It is merely information, and is not specific to any situation. If you need legal advice or professional assistance for your own situation, then you should contact an attorney that is licensed in your state.

For purposes of uniformity, throughout this article I will use the abbreviation “DWI”, but you could easily substitute “DUI”,” OUI”, or “OWI”. Police officers are trained to divide DWI detection into three phases: vehicle in motion, personal contact, and pre-arrest screening.

1) Phase 1: Vehicle in Motion.

In phase 1, the police officer is trying to answer the question of whether to stop the vehicle. It begins with the initial observation of the vehicle and the manner in which it is being driven.

2) Phase 2: Personal Contact.

In phase 2, the police officer is trying to answer the question of whether to ask the driver to exit the vehicle. It begins with the initial contact with the driver and the observations of the police officer. During the personal contact phase, there is an opportunity for the officer to observe and speak with the driver.

3) Phase 3: Pre-Arrest Screening.

In phase 3, the police officer is trying to answer the question of whether there is probable cause to arrest the driver for DWI. The bulk of the pre-arrest screening is the field sobriety tests. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, a division of the Department of Transportation, recognizes three standardized field sobriety tests: the horizontal gaze nystagmus test, the walk and turn test, and the one leg stand test. Additionally, officers often administer a preliminary breath test or other non-standardized field sobriety tests.

Throughout the three phases, the police officer is trained to look for certain clues that increase the likelihood that the driver is impaired. The officer is also trained to include each clue in a police report. Sometimes, all three phases are not present in a particular DWI stop. For example, if there is a collision involved or the stop took place at a roadblock, one or more of the phases may be absent.

Of course, the next logical question becomes what to do when armed with this information. That is what your DUI attorney is for – to use this knowledge and any other evidence to assemble your best defense.

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The PennDot Drivers License Medical Recall

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In Pennsylvania, when a person is examined by a doctor and diagnosed with a disorder or disability that renders that person “incompetent” to operate a motor vehicle, that doctor must notify PennDot within then (10) days of the examination. Common ailments that render a person “incompetent” to operate a motor vehicle in Pennsylvania are: seizures, poor eye sight, and drug or alcohol addiction. When PennDot receives that notice from the doctor they then send out a notice to the driver advising them that their driver’s license is being “recalled” due to their condition. In the plainest terms, they are telling you they think you are too sick or infirm to drive a car – so they are not going to let you. Now what to do?

Once a driver gets the recall notice, they have thirty (30) days to appeal PennDot’s decision. There is a problem here – the driver does not get to keep their license pending their appeal unless the driver submit, and pass, a PennDot medical examination (and who wants to do that?) or produce independent competent medical evidence, usually from a doctor of their own choosing, that can convince a judge the driver is not so much of a danger as not let let the driver keep their license until the appeal is heard. This in itself can can require some pretty fancy footwork by the lawyer that the driver has hopefully retained to keep his license. Which begs the question – “What does the lawyer do for the client in a case like this”?

Firstly, the lawyer must make sure that the client may keep his license pending his appeal as mentioned above. Next, the lawyer must keep PennDot from taking it at all. This issue very often falls into the lap of a Court of Common Pleas Judge. This is because, at some point, the driver will have a court hearing on whether this alleged medical condition actual does disqualify the client from driving safely. Here, the Pa. medical license recall attorney’s job is to: cross examine PennDot’s medical evidence AND present the client’s own evidence, from his own expert medical professional, and persuade the judge that Penndot has not carried their burden of showing that he client suffers from a medical condition that renders them “incompetent” to operate a car. If the lawyer is successful, he has earned his money and the client goes home with his drivers license. Good stuff.

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Information About Driving Licence Offense Codes

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Driving convictions usually result in a fine and points on your license. Typically, these endorsements are records, which are kept against the offender for minimum of four years and maximum of up to eleven years depending upon the seriousness of the motor offense. The offender can view his or her records online and check the penalty points and the term associated with the offense. You can be disqualified from driving if the number of points accumulated exceeds 12 within a 3 year period or less.

Codes and Fines

Each offense and endorsement is identified with its own unique code and has certain penalty points associated with it. There are different kinds of offenses, such as:

• Accident related

• Driver disqualification

• Careless or irresponsible driving

• Vehicle condition

• Dangerous or reckless driving

• DUI

• Insurance

• Miscellaneous

Some of the offenses with their codes and penalties are shown below.

Accident Related Offenses

Offense Code / Description / Penalty Points

AC10 / Hit and Run case. The driver fails to stop after involved in an accident / 5 – 10

AC20 / The driver fails or deliberately fails to report an accident within 24 hours / 5 – 10

AC 30 / Miscellaneous accident offenses / 4 – 9

Disqualified or Suspended Driver Offenses

Offense Code / Description / Penalty Points

BA10 / Driving a vehicle when it has been disqualified by a court order / 6

BA30 / Attempting to drive a vehicle whilst suspended or disqualified by a court / 6

BA40 / Causing death by driving whilst disqualified to drive / 3 – 11

BA60 / Causing serious injury on a disqualified license / 3 – 11

Offenses for Careless Driving

Offense Code / Description / Penalty Points

BA10 / Driving a vehicle when it has been disqualified by a court order / 6

BA30 / Attempting to drive a vehicle whilst suspended or disqualified by a court / 6

BA40 / Causing death by driving whilst disqualified to drive / 3 – 11

BA60 / Causing serious injury on a disqualified license / 3 – 11

Using a vehicle in a poor condition

Offense Code / Description / Penalty Points

CU10 / Driving a vehicle with faulty breaks / 3

CU20 / Creating a hazardous situation by driving an unsuitable vehicle / 3

CU30 / Driving a vehicle with worn out or damaged tyres / 3

CU40 / Driving a vehicle with a defective steering wheel / 3

Reckless Driving

Offense Code / Description / Penalty Points

DD10 / Dangerous driving leading to a serious injury / 3 – 11

DD40 / Reckless or dangerous driving / 3 – 11

DD60 / Manslaughter due to reckless driving / 3 – 11

DD80 / Causing death due to dangerous or reckless driving / 3 – 11

These are some of the offenses along with their penalty points and their description. For more information in regards to offence codes, please visit http://www.licencecheck.co.uk/driving-licence-offence-codes

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