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Rohingya’s Quagmire

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Introduction

It has been a Gordian’s knot between the Muslim minority group, Rohingya, and Government of Myanmar since its very inception. This minority group resides in the state of Rakhine, formerly known as Arkan in Myanmar. However, the people of this smoldering state, Rakhine, have always been a discriminated group in their homeland. In the same fashion, people of this state have faced several horrific and horrendous incidents, but neither international nor any regional organization has played its prominent role in this unending plight. Therefore, a mass exodus has fled to the neighboring countries.

Historical background of Rohingya’s and their status in the country

The Rohingya are an ethnic Muslim minority belonged to Sunni Islam. Approximately, one million Rohingya Muslims live in this state. However they have very different ethnicity, religion, and language than that of Buddhist group in Myanmar. The people of Rohingya’s community claims that they have their roots on this land since fifteenth century when people migrated to this Arkan kindom, whereas the government of Myanmar denied to their claim and didn’t accept the recognition of country’s as 135th ethnic group. Similarly, they have been considered as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. However, in 1990s they were given a white card for the recognition of temporary stay for Rohingya’s in Myanmar with limited rights, but later on these white cards as well right to vote were snatched by President Thein Sein in 2015 constitutional referendum.

Reason beyond the mass exodus of Rohingya’s

The minority group was discriminated through the restriction on various things like marriage, employment, education, religious choice and freedom of movement. More importantly, couple was not allowed more than two children and during the time of marriage they were required to fulfill the condition i.e. to give bribe and show picture of bride and groom. In addition to this, if Muslims needed to move new place then they required government approval. Apart from this, Rakhine states is one of the least developed states of Myanmar which has 78% poverty rate. However the tension has erupted due to opportunities was restricted for Muslims and furthermore this situation ameliorated difference between religious groups. Therefore, they were compelled to leave the country and flee to the neighboring countries.

The ground instruments of recent mass influx

Recently, the quagmire blazed due to the attack of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) and claimed the responsibility of the attack on police and army posts. Therefore, government named this ARSA as a terrorist organization and commanded to army a campaign that destroyed hundreds of villages and compelled more than five hundred thousand Rohingya to leave the country. Similarly, Mayanmer’s security forces allegedly opened fire and killed more than five hundred people lost their life. However, they flee towards Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. It has been recorded that hundreds of thousand rohingya are unregistered and are living in the Bangladesh. Similarly, Malaysia, as of august report, has declared that more than 88% registered refugees were from Maynmer i.e. sixty one thousand from Rohingya’s group.

Role of region and conundrum of Rohingya

Countries in the region started protest against the Government of Myanmar such as India, Thailand, Indonesia, and Bangladesh’s foreign minister condemn the killing and persecution of Rohingya’s. The neighboring raised the voice against the genocide in Myanmar and demanded Myanmar government to curb this violence. However, the government of Myanmar took its first time democratic power, but unfortunately it remained reluctant rather than taking positive role in the situation. However, Aung Saang Suki has denied the criticism of international world about her handling of this issue resented relation between both countries. In September 2017, she said that she has assisted the people for the normal life in the best possible pay.

Response of international and regional organizations

United Nations has taken positive role just immediate to this carnage and has urged to Myanmar’s authorities to end this military operations which has ameliorated violation to the human rights. Similarly, The UN Secretary General, António Guterres said the broader crisis “has generated multiple implications for neighboring states and the larger region, including the risk of inter-communal strife”. In addition to this, “It is imperative that UN agencies and our non-governmental partners be granted immediate and safe access to all affected communities,” he said. Therefore, United Nation has shown its positive role along with neighboring countries to make a liable course for the resettlement of Rohingya’s to their homeland.

Conclusion

In the nut shell, the crisis of Rohingya’s minority in Myanmar can easily be curtailed if UN plays its pivotal role to direct the Government of Myanmar’s immediate response with practical results. Therefore, it is the only liable course in which the Government of Myanmar will make impartial policies for all its citizens and will allow Rohingya’s minority as an independent community which will have all rights like to vote, to move easily across the country, to marry without conditions of Buddhists and to empower people of this community in the government jobs.

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Lose Weight by Learning How the Pro-Cyclists Eat

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If you feel like you have been pedalling so much and still have not seen the improvement on your weight loss, then maybe it’s time to examine what you have been feeding your body. Losing that extra weight will not only make you look and feel better, it will motivate you and also give you a larger room for progress with your cycling. Know how the pro-cyclists manage their diets for them to be in top shape. Maybe you can learn a few tricks from them.

· Breakfast. Racers burn A LOT of calories. They lose up to 4000 calories everyday. That is why breakfast is important to them and it should be important to you, too. A hearty breakfast makes their tanks full as they start off their day. Most of them eat oatmeal with fruit. Skipping breakfast will not give you enough fuel to go through with your work-out.

· Hydration. It may depend on a variety of circumstances but, on the average, racers consume half a liter of fluid every hour. They drink plain water and add the fancy sports drinks and different mixes in there. But for those who are not pro-racers, drinking enough water will still be beneficial. This will help you burn more calories as your body works on warming up the water to your body temperature.

· Eat throughout the day. Racers eat a lot since they burn more than 300 calories every hour. Some munch on sports bars and gels while others eat potatoes, sandwiches, rice delicacies and fruits. While you might not need to eat as much, try eating small portions in between breakfast, lunch and dinner. This will keep your metabolism running. But take note not only of the quantity but also the quality of food that you consume. Think lean proteins, fruits, greens and complex carbs.

· Dinner. Most of the racers are served large quantities of meat for dinner – chicken, beef and fish. To balance this, they also consume their greens such as kale and spinach. From this, you can see how important lean protein is. This will help make you feel full longer and will help you feel satiated. In addition, it also contributes to building and maintaining muscles which burns your fat. It is also advised that dinner be eaten before 8PM. Eating meals late at night signals the body to store fat which is not expended because of inactivity during the evening.

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Chrome Moly Tubing – This 4130 Tubing is Strong

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What is Chrome Moly anyway? Well first off, If you just searched the internet for chrome moly, I have to tell you that the correct spelling is actually Chromoly. Chromoly is like steel on steroids. It contains Chromium and molybdenum a splash of carbon and mostly iron.

The most popular grade of chromoly tubing is 4130. Here is what 4130 means: The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) has a numbering system that uses 4 numbers to categorize steels.

The first number indicates the major alloying element.

Take 1010 plain carbon steel, for example. The 1 denotes plain carbon steel. The second number indicates the approximate percentage of the major alloying element. In the case of plain carbon steel the number is a zero because there is no major alloying element. The third and fourth numbers indicate the carbon content of the steel.

In the case of 1010 steel They indicate that the steel contains approximately 0.1% carbon, that’s 0.1% or point one percent carbon.

OK lets look at 4130 chromoly.

The 41 in 4130 indicate the main alloying elements are chromium and molybdenum and that the steel contains about 1% chromium and molybdenum combined. The last 2 digits indicate 0.3% carbon.

The reason 4130 chromoly is so freakin strong and the reason it performs so well when used in airplanes, bicycles, dragsters, etc. is because the combination of chromium, molybdenum, and carbon, along with proper normalized heat treatment , give 4130 chromoly tubing a combination of strength, toughness, and ductility.

4130 chromoly tubing has great properties and great strength to weight ratio. The trick is not to screw that up when you weld it.

There are some purists out there who insist that gas welding is the only way to go for welding chromoly tubing for small airplanes. The idea is that the slow heating and slow cooling that is part of the gig with gas welding, is necessary and when 4130 tubing is gas welded, it kind of gets stress relieved at the same time.

But with all the data available on TIG welding 4130 chromoly tubing without the need for stress relief in enough for me to feel good about TIG welding it. Even for small aircraft

I just make sure to only weld within established guidelines and I don’t use 4130 filler rod.

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Learning To Pack Your 4×4

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There are many different types of vehicles out there that could take advantage of extra storage space. When looking at your vehicle you can see that you have a lot of space that you should be able to use, however, once you start packing, everything seems to change. Where did all that extra space go?

This is why learning to pack your 4×4, ute or other vehicle is very important. Of course having 4wd storage drawers installed in your ute or SUV makes a big difference in the amount of stuff you can store. But even without drawers, by using these tricks you’ll be able to fit more in your vehicle.

The least used items

You want to start with your least used items. These are the items that you won’t use that much or will be used at the end of your trip. Placing these items at the back will give you more room to play with and keep the items you need first more accessible.

Heavy items

The heavy items should go more towards the bottom of your vehicle floor. These heavy items will shift and move if placed off the ground level. Also, if you place them higher up they may break items below them.

Match shapes

Lots of items that we take with us on trips may have odd shapes. You may have square or rectangular suitcases and you may have round or odd shaped bags. If you can, try to coordinate all of these shapes into piles outside of the vehicle. When you do this, you can start to grab and stack them as you see spaces form in your vehicle.

Numbering your items

A great trick that some people don’t even realise is possible is to number your items that you put into your vehicle. Taking a sticker or placing a tag on the item will help you keep items straight. Starting from one side of your vehicle you just put in bag one then two then three. This way you can find the perfect combination for your vehicle which can then be repeated over and over again.

Preload your items

Packing your vehicle can take a long time or can be a real chore. A great way to relieve the stress of packing is to preload your items. What this generally means is that you want to take the always used items and keep them in your vehicle. These are items that you use on a daily basis, have no need to keep in your home and just take up space. When you keep these items in your vehicle you don’t have to worry about them, and you will always have them as needed.

Create a system

So far you have been given some details, ideas and tips to load your 4×4 and other vehicles. From here you can start to experiment and see what works for you. In your experimentation, don’t discount the idea of adding 4wd storage drawers to your vehicle. They’re a great way to expand capacity.

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