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Tricks of the Trade For Dealing With Discipline Problems of Mixed Ability Classes

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When students aren’t listening, it’s usually because of one main thing: they are not engaged with the setup of the classroom and how the lesson is structured. As you may have already realized, when students don’t understand the rules and procedures in your classroom, they then begin to take control in the classroom. And you know what that means, right?

As a new teacher, you’ll want to set up three simple systems in your classroom that effectively engage your students. Simple systems help students become more self-directed. They know how your classroom is run and feel safe with a sense of a routine. Simply put, your students know they can succeed and won’t challenge your authority because they WON’T need to.

Here are three basic systems which you should implement from the first day of school:

* Set up your expectations for success in the classroom so students always know exactly what to do. This goes for every task, rule and procedure.

* Set up a system of rules, procedures and consequences. Teach and reinforce those rules and procedures using consequences that are most crucial for running your lesson effectively. Ideally, you should have three or four rules and a variety of procedures for running your classroom effectively.

* Cater to a variety of learning styles and abilities. Using differentiated instruction, teachers cater to a wide variety of varied interests, cultural backgrounds and world knowledge which results in more dynamic classroom interaction. In a differentiated learning environment, students feel safe because they know they will learn something in your lesson.

Tips for Establishing Procedures

1. Set up the classroom with procedures that aim to establish self-directed behavior that engages students right away so you can start content teaching rather than managing a class. Use time saving management strategies such as a timer or a “Do Now” activity so students know exactly what to do and what not to do the minute the lesson begins. I begin my lesson by writing on the board in big letters “To Do Now” and then say to the class: “let’s see how many vocabulary words you recognize in five minutes.”

2. Many discipline problems occur when students feel that the lesson isn’t organized properly with appropriate activities for the beginning, middle and end parts of a lesson. Write down the activities and what students will do for each one. Write the number of minutes for each activity

and then check off when that activity is completed.

Examples of self-directed procedures

o Have a box for turning in work.

o Have students do something else while you are dealing with administrative matters.

o Have routines for concluding each day: turning in folders, completing a check-off sheet or behavior chart

o Have a cue or signal when noise level is unacceptable

o Procedures for students coming to and going from the bathroom. (i.e. students can go to the bathroom only once during a given lesson)

Developing Consequences

It is important always to invoke a consequence for any violation of a rule. Therefore, teachers should develop a range of alternative consequences, beginning with one that is a warning. Having a range of consequences enables teachers to be consistent yet not be trapped into applying a consequence that exceeds the offense.

Summary

o State the consequences in clear and specific terms so that the students will know exactly what will happen if they break a rule.

o Determine a range of alternatives (maximum of five) so that you can always implement a consequence.

o Relate the consequences to the rule as directly as possible.

o Make the consequences logical to help emphasize a cuase-and-effect relationship.

Additional considerations

o Severe behavior clause

o Sending discipline plan to parents/caregivers

o Cooperative plan with administration

Tips for Setting up Systems for Success

It is our goal as educators to communicate success in an attempt to enhance student motivation and engage students. When teachers communicate their expectations for success, they will also enhance student motivation. Teachers can employ certain strategies to increase the motivation factor:

Strategies teachers can use to increase the expectancy component of success

o Teachers provide success oriented activities (there is an appropriate level of challenge that will bring success.

o Teachers establish a positive learning environment

o Teachers introduce cooperative learning using group and pair work.

o Teachers can cater to different individual interests

o Teachers can provide choice leading to more student autonomy.

o Teachers can provide a variety of positive reinforcement

o Teachers can personalize the learning tasks.

Using easy to engage lesson beginnings

Activities: Easy to engage lesson beginnings

* A review of previously learned words

* An activity with a personal element

* A light activity such as a game

* Write the plan of the lesson on the side of the board and go over.

* Go over class behavior and rules

* Write new vocabulary words on the board and try to elicit from them the meaning.

* Write a short story or several sentences and have them copy.

* Start with something surprising like a strange object or question or picture. Ask the students why you have brought it.

* Write the goals of the lesson on the board and discuss them.

* Have short conversations with them like: “Good Morning, How are you?”

* DO NOW – write a few exercises on the board for them to do as soon as they enter the class.

Procedures for Transitioning from one lesson part to the next

It’s important to communicate success by using transitions to glue one lesson part with the next such as “Good! You did that very well. Now let’s see how you can apply your knowledge of vocabulary with the reading comprehension.” Think of 1 personal and 1 transitional statement you can use to “glue” each part of the lesson with the next.

As a post part of your lesson, you can ask the class what you did in the class in order to give a sense of closure.

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Love Songs and Their Meanings Throughout History

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Love songs touch people in a way that nothing else can. They can sway the most prideful person to forgive. Love songs help you remember when and why you fell in love. Love songs are for every season, every person, and every relationship. Whether you’re in the 9th grade and had your first kiss, or have been married for 5 decades and still in love, love songs are for everyone. Love songs generally consist of falling in love, meeting someone for the first time, missing someone who is not with you, or heart break.

Many popular love songs had girl’s names. For example there’s the hit “Think of Laura” by Christopher Cross. Toto sang about a girl named “Rosanna”. Steven Perry of Journey brought himself to tears while singing “Oh Sherry”. There’s also the pop hit “Hey There Delilah” by the Plain White T’s.

Even rap got into those type of songs. LL Cool J told the world that “I need Love”. The ghetto hit “You’re All I Need” by Method Man & Mary J Blige actually won them an MTV Award.

There are different types of themes for songs. You have songs for weddings, romantic country songs, cheesy teenage songs about their love, R&B romantic songs, heavy metal rock ballads, jazz songs are talking about love, blues deals with this subject, and yes, reggae is not immune to love, eiher. Love songs say we will get through this. You have for example Phil Collins hit “Against All Odds”. Some love songs say it hurts but it’s worth it as in Pat Benatar’s “Love is a Battlefield”. Some of the songs embrace the bliss and euphoria of being with your soul mate as in Stevie Wonder’s “Overjoyed”. There are songs that say it’ll be alright and it’s us against the world as in Bon Jovi’s “You Were Born to be My Baby”.

Some so called romantic songs defined a decade: 70’s were the year of love, long hair, and totally open hearts that embraced the intense emotion of love. The Soulful Al Green said “Let’s Stay Together”. Donna Summer went quasi instrumental with her interpretation of “I feel Love” While Nazareth went to the dark side with “Love Hurts”.

The 80’s were more about big hair, makeup, all night parties and hangovers, but love made their way onto the airwaves anyway. Lionel Richie woke us up with “Hello”, and made every guy want to call his girlfriend right away. Kenny Rogers made every woman cry with “Lady”. Foreigner made every woman feel wanted with “Waiting for a Girl Like You.” Chris DeBurgh fascinated us with “Lady in Red” (which also became a very popular wedding song during the 80’s). Whitney Houston had one of the most popular love songs in the 80’s with “The Greatest Love of All”. Her majestic voice made even the men tear up (though they’ll never admit it).

Then along came the 90’s with much darker, and heart wrenching romantic songs. Because grunge became so popular with it’s industrial, hard rock edginess, it comes as no surprise that most love songs of the 90’s were R&B and soft rock. Take Mariah Carey and Boys II Men’s “One Sweet Day” for example. IT was a soft R&B ballad which set the town for many more 90’s duet love songs. John Michael Montgomery sang with All-4-One and produced the hit “I Will Love You Like That”. Barbara Streisand and Bryan Adams came together to sing “I Finally Found Someone”. However, Celine Dion (who sang solo on this one) had the most famous song of the 90’s with “My Heart Will Go On”. It remains the number one selling love song of all time.

The decade beginning with 2000 began with a redefining. We were not the cheesy generation of the 80’s. Neither were we the dark, gothic “generation X” of the 90’s. We still though, had love songs. Kimberly Locke told her man he was the “8th World Wonder”. Michelle Branch told us to “Breath”. Mary J Blige touched every heart with the R&B hit “Can’t Be Without You”. Jennifer Lopez wowed us with the remake of “You’re My Everything”. Mariah Carey, Joe, and 98 Degrees didn’t get enough credit with their powerful love ballad “Thank God I found you”. The 2000-2009 decade may not have had a musical identity, but the songs from this period had lots of passion.

Things change. People change, and so do generations. Yet love songs are eternal. They define us in ways nothing else can.

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Pocahontas – The Noble "Savage"

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Pocahontas is the daughter of the Native American chief, Chief Powhatan. She is a strong and independent woman who helps lead the tribe alongside her father, and is very kind to everyone.

When the British come to Virginia, they treat the Indians like savages. Pocahontas meets John Smith, and tells him about the life of the Native Americans and how they treasure nature and that no one owns the land.

Through the song “Colors of the Wind”, she explains how everyone is equal despite the color of our skin, and how nature is important as well displaying the wisdom that she had learned over the years with her tribe. She tells how animals are her friends and how even the trees and the rocks need to be respected. John and Pocahontas fall in love, and John realizes her point. Unfortunately, the Indians and the British get into a fight, and Chief Powhatan tells them to stay away from the “White Skins”.

John tells the other settlers that there isn’t any gold where the Indians live, but he isn’t believed. The Indians begin to get ready to fight the settlers, and so she runs to tell John. Pocahontas and John are discovered by the Indians and John is taken to be executed. She convinces her father to let John free, but the British come and attack Chief Powhatan anyways. John saves the Chief and is sent back to Britain, he says his goodbyes with his love, who the other British call the “noble savage”.

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Basic Pen Spinning Tricks

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If you have ever sat in a class or been bored at work and started turning a pen (or pencil) between your fingers, then you have been pen spinning!

There are many tricks that can be learned. This is a form of contact juggling, as the object stays in contact with your body at all times.

Props – I recommend a long unsharpened pencil (rather than a pen)! No ink to spill out, no cap needing placed on top, no horrible pen marks over your hands and no clip to get in the way! A long pen/pencil is best for beginners, as long objects are easier to manipulate. I guess technically this article should be called Pencil Spinning, but you get the idea! Now here are the first few tricks to learn:

Thumb Around – The pen will do a complete spin around the thumb.

  1. The pen is held between your middle finger and thumb (your index finger needs to stay out of the way at the moment).
  2. Push forward with your middle finger and the pen should spin around your thumb.
  3. Catch the pen in the position you started with. Don’t try moving your hand to try and get the spin working properly, as it will take far longer to break out of this bad habit!

A common problem that beginners have is that they instinctively bend their thumb as soon as the pen leaves the middle finger. Keep the thumb still! (tip from Tyson)

23 Charge – This trick is so called because it uses your second and third fingers (the middle and ring finger). The pen spins around the middle digit and ends up between the middle and the index digits. 1) Begin with the pen between your ring and middle fingers. Hold the end of the pen with your thumb. 2) Push your middle finger forward and your middle finger backwards at the same time. This applies some pressure. 3) Release your thumb and try to get the pen to do a full 360 degree spin.

23-12 Sonic – A sonic starts the same way as the 23-charge trick above, but as it gets half way around, you pinch the index finger and ring finger together while pushing the middle finger forward. This causes the pen to remain in the same alignment, but it jumps from in between the ring and middle fingers to in between the index and middle fingers. Pen Spinning is a form of Contact Juggling (when you keep it in contact with your body). If you enjoy Pen Spinning, then you may find my Contact Juggling Tricks page useful!

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Stunt Scooter Buying Guide

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If you love skating parks and tricks, chances are you are looking into getting a Stunt Scooter also referred to as ‘Stunts’ or Freestyle Scooters.

Stunts are what you need if you are into bike tricks and want to make use out of your local skating park.

Don’t worry if you aren’t too sure what to look out for when buying one of these; we have you sorted with our stunts buying guide.

What is the Difference Between a Stunt Scooter and a Regular Scooter?

Before we delve into the stunts buying guide, it is important to know the difference between Stunt Scooters and regular Scooters.

A Freestyle Scooter is still a scooter nonetheless. A regular Scooter is designed to take you from one point to another. However, a stunt is designed for all the fun with its structure built for freestyle tricks.

Regular ones offer the following features:

  • They come with adjustable handlebars making them height-adjustable.
  • They feature springy decks that allow comfortable riding along pavements and other paths.
  • Freestyle Scooters also come with wheels in different sizes, and you would go for larger wheels for quicker speed.

Stunts on the other hand offer the following features:

  • They come with fixed handlebars for security when performing tricks.
  • The deck tends to be on the heavier side to withstand extra pressure.
  • Stunts typically come with smaller wheels structured for short speed bursts.

Who Should Use Stunt Scooters?

Anyone who loves Scooters and performing, or learning to show off, tricks at the skating rink can use a stunt.

However, when it comes to children, they are ideal for kids aged 5 and above. Remember that the Freestyle Scooter design factors tricks and jumps in mind; therefore, your child should already be conversant with riding scooters and ready to move to the more fun stuff.

If your child shows interest in trying stunts and goes the extra mile to learn them; it’s time to get them a stunt.

A Buying Guide For Stunts

When buying Stunts, or any other gear for that matter, you want to make sure that you are making a worthwhile investment. That is where our simple stunt buying guide come in to help you find the right one.

  • Age-Appropriateness

The first important consideration will be if the Stunt is age-appropriate. For your kid, you want to get one specially constructed for use by children.

  • Deck and Handlebars

Once again, if you are buying one for your child, you want to get a Stunt with a shorter bridge, and shorter handlebars as well.

The shorter handlebars and deck ensures that it is right for your child’s height and can comfortably accommodate their feet. Often, teenagers drive the construct and design of Freestyle Scooters.

  • Skill Level

Freestyle Scooters can accommodate beginners, but they might not cut it out for more skilled riders.

If you want one for a teenager, you ought to go for higher-end designs that are built to last. Look out for models that come with metalcore wheel and compression kits because they offer enhanced strength.

There you have it; with our simple Stunt Scooter buying guide, you are now ready to buy one for yourself or your child.

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11 Tips to Boost Your Android Phone’s Battery Life

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Top-notch Android smartphones like the Samsung Galaxy S5 and HTC One (M8) are powerful, but unfortunately, they don’t have endless battery life. In fact, many Android phone users would be happy to make it through a single day, hoping that a nightly recharge is sufficient.

Sadly, it sometimes isn’t. A number of factors have conspired to reduce gadget endurance over the past several years. Thinner designs with less room for batteries, larger and brighter screens, faster quad-core processors, more software that runs in the background, and power-hungry GPS radios all share responsibility. The move from 3G to 4G networks a few years ago-particularly of the LTE variety-has also taken its toll.

But there’s much more to poor battery life results than that. Fortunately, there’s plenty you can do to stem the flow of juice from your Android device. To write this article, I used a Google Nexus 5, as it’s running the latest version of Android 4.4 KitKat with no extra interface enhancements, but these tips should apply across just about any Android phone. Try these tips to extend your handset’s battery life:

1. See what’s sucking the most juice. Navigate to Settings > Battery to see an organized breakdown of what’s consuming your phone’s battery. Applications and features will display in a descending list of battery hogs. If you see an application you barely use or a feature you never use, you’ll want to uninstall the app or turn off the feature.

2. Reduce email, Twitter, and Facebook polling. Set your various messaging apps to “manual” for the polling or refresh frequency, just as a test, and you’ll instantly extend your device’s battery life by a significant amount. Once you see what a difference that makes, try re-enabling just the most important ones, and possibly reducing their polling frequency in the process.

3. Turn unnecessary hardware radios off. It’s great that today’s phones have LTE, NFC, GPS, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth, but do you really need all five activated 24 hours per day? Android keeps location-based apps resident in the background, and the constant drain on your battery will become noticeable, fast. If your phone has a power control widget, you can use it to quickly turn on/off GPS (the largest power drain), NFC, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and LTE. On stock Android, swipe down to bring up the Notification bar, and then tap the icon on the top right corner.

4. Use the extra power saving mode if you have it. The aforementioned Galaxy S5 and HTC One (M8) both have Ultra Power Saving and Extreme Power Saving modes, respectively, that limits the phone to texting, phone calls, Web browsing, and Facebook. This can squeeze extra hours or even a day of standby time out of just a few remaining percentage points of battery.

5. Trim apps running in the background. From Settings > Apps, swipe to the left; you’ll see a list of apps that are currently running. Tap on each one to see what they’re for; you can stop any apps that you don’t need running in the background all of the time.

6. Dump unnecessary home screen widgets and live wallpaper. Just because they’re sitting on the home screen, seemingly inactive, doesn’t mean they’re not consuming power. This goes for widgets that poll status updates in the background, as well as ones that just sit there but look pretty and animated-not to mention animated live wallpaper. (But don’t dump everything, as part of what makes Android great are the home screen customizations; just remove the ones you don’t use.)

7. Turn down the brightness and turn off Automatic Brightness. It’s probably obvious at this point, but you’ll be surprised by how much this one alone helps to improve battery life.

8. Update your apps. Applications often get updated to use less battery power, so you should make sure your apps are up to date. Even if you configured the phone for automatic updates, some apps still require that you manually install updates. Check for app updates in Google Play by hitting the menu key and going to My Apps.

9. Keep an eye on signal strength. If you’re in an area with poor cellular coverage, the phone will work harder to latch onto a strong-enough signal. This has an adverse effect on battery life. There’s not much you can do about this one, but keep in mind that this could be the culprit behind a seemingly weak battery; it’s worth popping the phone into Airplane mode if you don’t need data or voice calls.

10. Check the reviews. We conduct battery life tests on every single Android phone we review. Unsurprisingly, the results vary widely between handsets, even on the same network. When choosing a phone, make sure that real-world talk time is sufficient. You can’t go by what the manufacturer says; we see variances on the order of several hours of usage in both directions on a regular basis.

11. Buy a battery case or larger extended battery. Battery cases combine a hardware enclosure, which protects your phone, with an extended battery that can double your phone’s endurance. You can find models compatible with popular Android phones from a variety of manufacturers.

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Silvertone Fastback Electric Guitar

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The Silvertone Fastback Electric Guitar is a cool looking blue guitar that is a single cutaway solid body guitar. It is loaded with features but only weighs a light 14 pounds. Not bad for a full sized guitar.

This musical instrument stands out with its beautiful quilt maple neck, maple top, and maple 22 fret finger board. It is stunning and made of good quality considering the price. The guitar produces warm and bold sound because of its dual humpback pickups.

The instrument comes with vintage tremolo and die cast tuners. This guitar is perfect for both beginners and seasoned guitar players.

Pros:

A number of users said that the unit is a good alternative to much more expensive “big brand” guitars. Many people say that it is as good as typical expensive guitars in the market but will only cost a fraction of the price. Some reviews say that the Silvertone Fastback Electric Guitar is good as is, without any upgrades and works out of the box. It is mainly problem free and can be used as soon as you get it in the mail. Many people said that the solid material makes it look even better. The neck is comfortable to use for most people. Some reviews mentioned that the stock humpbuckers were great, the tremolo is also good as is. Some users said that they did not have to tune the guitar often unlike some cheaper models that constantly need to be tuned. The price is a big plus factor aside from it being a very usable guitar. At the price of under $140, your heart won’t break if the unit breaks.

Cons:

A few users mentioned that there is a problem with the narrow neck because they have fat fingers; and they say that they wished that the neck was wider to accommodate bigger fingers and hands. Some reviews said that the Silvertone Fastback Electric Guitar felt cheap (especially once they find out the guitar is made in China). Users suggest that you should be knowledgeable about electric guitars before purchasing this model. Some say it is not ideal for serious guitar player and is better suited for beginners or hobbyists. Some reviews from expert electric guitar players said that, it may have inconsistencies and buyers should inspect the unit carefully before buying it. There are some users who prefer to buy more expensive guitars from well-known companies and find this model more ideal for older kids and beginners rather than for serious electric guitar players.

Generally, the Silvertone Fastback Electric Guitar is good enough for most buyers who find it to be a good guitar for the price. It is perfect for casual players and beginners as well. The cool looking design in blue is also an added benefit. For under $140, it is not bad for a full sized electric guitar that plays fine out of the box. It is a good gift for those who want to experiment with learning how to play an electric guitar.

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Esteban Guitar Lessons – Instructional DVDs For Guitarists

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Esteban’s biggest claim to fame is that the classical guitar legend, Andres Segovia, who refused most students, agreed to give Esteban guitar lessons. While this claim cannot be verified, Esteban certainly did something right to become one of the most competent contemporary guitarists in America. Chances are you have seen the bolero hat and sunglasses wearing Esteban on TV infomercials advertising his DVDs and books teaching guitar lessons and techniques.

Guitar students need to learn the fundamentals of guitar technique in an effective way. One-on-one guitar lessons, online lessons, and instructional DVDs can all provide this for a beginner guitarist.

Furthermore, students interested in learning guitar need to learn guitar technique from an instructor that is not only a great player, but also a great teacher. Without this combination, lessons can never involve much more than mimicking style and technique. Without proper explanations, a guitarist’s understanding of music can be negatively affected. The importance of correct finger positions and basic chord patterns needs to be emphasized. Following from this, more advanced techniques such as free-form improvisation can be taught.

While the ability to improvise and produce impromptu guitar solos is an advance technique, it can be introduced to even a beginner guitarist. Esteban guitar lessons on DVD introduce these types of more advanced techniques at a beginner level.

One advantage of learning guitar online or via instructional DVDs is that a beginner guitarist can learn at their own speed, and even repeat sections and lessons if they feel they need to revisit a technique or instruction.

Using instructional DVDs can be used as a student’s exclusive method of learning guitar, or it can used in combination with other methods of learning guitar, such as a online lessons, a one-on-one guitar tutor, or self-directed study. This method allows for a lot of flexibility on the part of the beginner guitarist.

Since instructional DVDs such as Estaben’s guitar lessons come in different volumes, it is not only absolute beginners that can benefit from these guitar lessons. Novice guitarists can pick up on the lessons at a higher level, and can even benefit from reviewing the basic guitar techniques taught in earlier lessons.

New students might have trouble learning how to change chords quickly, understanding different kinds of picking techniques, or learning scales. Thankfully, there are techniques to ease students’ guitar playing troubles. It is through years of firsthand experience of playing and teaching that guitar teachers are able to show their students easy tips and tricks for becoming a great guitarist as quickly and painlessly as possible.

That Esteban guitar lessons on DVD typically receive favorable reviews shows that DVD-based guitar lessons can be very successful in terms of helping new guitarists learn effectively, quickly, and at a pace which suits them.

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Memory Improvement – Tips to Improve Memory

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Tip 1: Memory Games

Memory improvement is not that difficult. One of my favorite tips is playing memory games. If you like computer games or play board games, I advise you sticking to games that require logical thinking and analytical skills not just games of luck. I would strongly advise chess, checkers, sudoku and word games. By improving your logic you will improve your memory, so try some logic games which can be found online. A good one is where you have to push crates in specific places and not get stuck.

Tip 2: Training Your Memory’s Perception

Another great tip for memory improvement is taking up the habit of noticing things and paying attention. Try to notice small details around you and then recall them. This can be done anytime and anywhere, and it will greatly boost your perception and memory skills. I must also add that this skill is essential if you are working in the security field.

Tip 3: Improve Your Overall Fitness

Staying fit and healthy is not only great for your body but also for your brain. Your mind, and the memory that comes with it, all need to be fit as well. I advise you to do cardio exercises which would deliver more oxygen to your brain. Such exercises would be jogging, swimming, cycling. If you favor something heavier, hit a gym and try weight lifting.

Tip 4: Engage Subjects That Involve Thinking

Whether you are reading a book or watching TV, my advice is to focus on topics that involve thinking. Get your memory recall involved. These could be detective, romance, and movies or various psychological, religious related literature and shows. Don’t just watch it, try to figure out the answer to the puzzle yourself.

These are just some tips to improve your memory. Just getting you mind, body and soul involved in something, helps your memory improvement, you feel good and relaxed, and your natural brain flow will work to perfection. And before you know it, your memory doesn’t even have to think about why it even needs to improve, you are already there.

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Martin DX1 Guitar Review

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The Martin DX1 range consists of the Martin DX1-AE, DX1-E, DX1-KAE and DX1-RAE model guitars. There is absolutely nothing wrong with these soundly crafted guitars. They are really high quality dreadnought acoustic-electric guitars that are designed for a low price.

These Martin dreadnaught guitars have no cutaways and their body dimensions make them feel comfortable to sit and play with. These precision instruments come with a Fishman type Pickups and utilize Solid Sitka 5/16 Spruce for their top braces in A-Frame “X-1” patterns.

This design gives them a fuller, bassy sound when played. Not only do these guitars look beautiful, they sound amazing with their projection of clear bright tones and excellent sustain.

The Body Of The Martin DX1-AE, DX1-E, DX1-KAE and DX1-RAE Guitars

The body design of the Martin DX1 range is known as D-14 Fret and is based on their butterfly shaped designed tops. The neck is connected to the body of the guitar by a mortise and tenon neck joint. This type of joining is what makes these guitars strong and durable. The simplicity of these Martin dreadnaught guitars makes them a beautiful guitar to play.

The tops of these Martin dreadnaught guitars are made of solid Sitka Spruce. The top has a hand rubbed urethane light satin finish. The rosette around the sound hole is of multiple black and white Boltaron rings with red fibre in middle. Next to the rosette is the tortoise coloured pick guard. These two features make the Sitka Spruce top very distinctive and appealing.

These guitars have a belly style bridge, which is made of Morado on the DX1-E model guitar and black Richlite on the other models. The bridge string spacing is 2-1/8” and the bridge endpins are white with black dots. The saddle is of a compensated 16” radius and is of white Micarta on the DX1-E model guitar and of white TUSQ on the models.

The side panelling on the DX1-AE and DX1-E Martin guitars are of a Java Mahogany pattern HPL textured finish. The DX1-KAE Martin guitar has a Koa pattern HPL textured finish and the DX1-RAE Martin guitar has an Indian Rosewood pattern HPL textured finish.

The backboard of the DX1-AE and DX1-E Martin guitars is of a Java Mahogany pattern HPL textured finish. Whilst the DX1-KAE Martin guitar has a Koa pattern HPL textured finish and the DX1-RAE Martin guitar has an Indian Rosewood pattern HPL textured finish.

These Martin dreadnought guitars use Fishman type Pickups. The DX1-E Martin guitar has a Fishman Classic 4 Sonicore Pickup. The other models use Fishman Sonitone Pickups.

The Neck Of The Martin DX1-AE, DX1-E, DX1-KAE and DX1-RAE Guitars

The Martin DX1 range of dreadnought acoustic-electric guitars use a Stratabond type neck. The neck material of DX1-AE and DX1-E Martin guitars is a Rust Stratabond, whist the other two models have a natural Stratabond. The Stratabond neck shape is referred to as a modified low oval. The neck width is 1 11/16″ at the nut and the scale length is the typical 25.4″.

The fingerboard material used on the DX1-E Martin guitar is called Morado. The other models use black Richlite. The fingerboard width at the nut is 1-11/16” and width at the 12th fret is 2-1/8”. The fingerboard has 20 frets and 14 are clear. There are 6 fret dots at the top of the fingerboard.

The fingerboard and head is separated by a white Corian synthetic nut.

The headstocks are designed for 6 strings. The headstock of the DX1-E Martin guitar has a square tapper and the other models have a solid standard taper.

The headplates of the DX1-AE and DX1-E Martin guitars are made from a Mahogany pattern HPL. The headplate of the DX1-KAE Martin guitar is made from a Koa pattern HPL. The Martin DX1-RAE guitar has a headplate made from an Indian Rosewood pattern HPL.

All of these Martin dreadnought acoustic-electric guitars use Martin type tuners, which are chrome enclosed with small buttons. They seem to work very well and are quite responsive. Martin Studio Performance Light Phosphor Bronze (msp4100) strings are recommended to used with these guitars. However, other players find that D’addario EXP 11-52 strings sound better.

The Sound Of The Martin DX1-AE, DX1-E, DX1-KAE and DX1-RAE Guitars

The fairly deep butterfly shape body and the tonal woods used within the sound box and on the back and sides of these guitars create such unique acoustics. These Martin dreadnaught guitars seem to make every note sound beautiful. These Martin dreadnaught acoustic-electric guitars will produce rich and crisp tones, with a great bass response and cutting treble. You’ll be blown away by the sound quality.

The Martin DX1 range of dreadnaught acoustic-electric guitars may be the cheaper model styles of the Martin guitar range, but they sound like a professional’s guitar. You can gig with them and play almost any style of music on them, such as blues, pop, folk, country, rock and jazz. You could play acoustic hippie, chord strum or just pick a little solo.

For the quality and cost you can’t beat these Martin DX1-AE, DX1-E, DX1-KAE and DX1-RAE model guitars. You can get them to suite both Right and Left handed players. They are beautifully crafted and incredible sounding guitars.

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Tech

Trampoline Timeline – Jumping Through History

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Have you recently discovered how easy it is to get a daily cardiovascular workout while bouncing on a trampoline? Doctors and exercise experts have known for many years that the rebounding motion of the trampoline is as good for your body as it is fun for your spirit. If you’ve ever wondered how the modern full size trampoline came to be, it’s always helpful to know a little bit about the history and the inventor. The trampoline was officially invented by George Nissan in the 1930’s, but there is anthropological evidence that humans were finding ways to bounce up and down in the air long before the traditional trampoline parts came into existence.

Studies have found that Inuit people (also known as Eskimos) were some of the first to ever use swaths of walrus skin to toss people up into the air during celebrations and rites of passage ceremonies. It’s also rumored that there was a circus performer named Du Trampoline that was one of the first to show trapeze artists that they could fall into the emergency net in a strategic fashion, and that the force of their fall would allow them to bounce up into the air again for one last flip or trick.

No one knows whether Du Trampoline really existed or not, but we do know that the modern trampoline was created and patented by a man named George Nissan in the early 1930’s. Nissan was inspired by the way the trapeze artists were aided by the elasticity of the net below, and thought that he could put together the right trampoline parts to form a device that would allow them to replicate this bounce over and over again. He devised a metal frame on which a canvas trampoline mat would be stretched between many metal trampoline springs.

Even though trampolines were an essential part of soldier training during World War II, and have been recommended by doctors and exercise experts for many years as a low impact way to lose weight and strengthen core muscles, it wasn’t until the year 2000 that the Olympic Committee officially recognized trampoline jumping as a sport. It’s also interesting to note that the bouncing action of the trampoline has also given birth to two other non-official sports, Slamball and Bossaball. These sports are based loosely on basketball and volleyball, except they are performed on the bouncing surface of a trampoline mat.

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