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The Royal Pug

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People love Pugs! There is something about that rogue-like face that tugs at your heart strings. This dignified toy breed is loved by royalty and commoners alike. These loving, intelligent, little clowns are extremely popular and ranked 12th out of 154 dog breeds registered by the American Kennel Club in 2005. The Pug is the largest of the Toy Dog Group weighing in a whopping 14 to 18 pounds.

The Pug has a fascinating history and one that is somewhat controversial. No one disputes that the English painter William Hogarth owned Pugs and portrayed them many times in his paintings. For example, Hogarth’s 1730 painting shows a black pug in “House of Cards”. Similarly everyone agrees that the Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange after saving the life of the Prince of Orange, by giving alarm at the approach of the Spaniards in 1572. Later when William of Orange went to England in 1688 to be crowned King William III, he took along several Pugs. So we know how the Pugs got from Holland to England but the controversy arises over how the breed got to Holland in the 16th century. One group of historians thinks the Pug was developed as a result of crossing several small Bulldogs. Another group thinks it is a miniature form of the rare French mastiff called the Dogue de Bordeaux. However the majority of historians think that the Pug originated in China and was brought back to 16th century Holland by the Dutch East India Company traders. This is the history that we will assume is true. The Pug is of Chinese origin and its development seems to pre-date the Christian era. Early records indicate that there were three types of short-nosed dogs bred by the Chinese. They were the Lion Dog (probably the Shih Tzu), The Pekingese and the Foo Dog or Pug. These dogs became very popular with Chinese royalty and the Pug breed was highly prized by the Emperors of China and lived a pampered existence. In fact, ordinary citizens were not allowed to own them. However, European traders managed to obtain some Pugs and introduce them to Europe – particularly Portugal, Spain, Holland and England which were the home countries of the traders. There, these adorable little animals became the pampered favourites of many royal families. We mentioned earlier that William III and Mary introduced Pugs to Britain from Holland when they became King and Queen in 1688 and the little dogs became a favourite at the royal court. This small dog breed was also extremely popular in the European courts and was a favourite of Napoleon’s wife, Queen Josephine of France. Later Queen Victoria of England succumbed to the Pugs charm and introduced several Pugs into her household. This British royalty love of Pugs continued down the line into the 20th century with the Duke of Windsor becoming a Pug owner. However by the time of Queen Victoria and her descendants, Pugs were no longer restricted to royalty. Members of the aristocracy became enamoured with Pugs as well.

Because the Pug was becoming very popular, English breeders were importing Pugs from other countries such as Russia, Austria and Holland. In 1860 British soldiers overran the Imperial palace in Peking and brought back a number of Pugs to England. The black Pug probably was imported at this time. Subsequent to this period, breeders established standards for the breed. In 1881, the Pug Dog Club of England was established and in 1883 the British Kennel Club formally recognized this breed club. By 1885, the Pug had been accepted for registration by the American Kennel Club but no national American breed club was created until 1931. By the beginning of the 20th century, large numbers of Pugs were exported to the United States from the United Kingdom. These Pugs were expensive – as they were still very much upper-class dogs.

Now we no longer have to be members of the royalty or the upper classes to own a Pug. Pugs are low maintenance dog breeds that require little grooming and get enough exercise playing indoors. They are well suited for apartment living. Pugs have a tendency to put on weight and should be taken for walks when the weather isn’t too hot.

Many royal and well known people have been owned by a Pug. This started with the Chinese Emperors many centuries ago and continued right up to the Dowager Empress of China who died in 1908. Many European royal families including Napoleon Bonaparte and his wife Josephine fell under the spell of the Pug. More contemporary (and quite diverse) Pug owners included Sir Winston Churchill, Valentino, Andy Warhol and Sammy Davis Jr. You can get free pictures and additional information on the Pug at Pug Pictures.

Perhaps it is time for you to consider being royally entertained by the uncommon Pug!

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Baby Sign Language and Elimination Communication – How Do I Introduce a Sign About Pottying? 3 Tips!

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Baby sign language is an excellent tool for communicating with your pre-verbal infant or toddler.

Even babies under one can enthusiastically recognise simple signs. This enables communication!

A sign for potty time offers your baby a way to tell you they need your help to go to the potty or toilet. Initially it will be recognition of the needs of their body, perhaps as they go, moments before or after.

Sign language is a ‘bridge’ between our pre-verbal babies and our verbal culture. You are giving them a ‘tool’ they may use to communicate with you. Our visual memories are older, so babies readily recognise signs as soon as they are able. Around 12 months is common for signing to really pick up, though earlier and later are just as possible. Keep practicing, look for recognition of signs before your baby will use them to ‘talk’ to you.

Choose an appropriate sign or natural gesture. It should be simple, so your baby can crudely imitate it, and always be used with the spoken word and loving eye contact.

These 3 tips will make it easy for you to sign regularly in your day so that baby sign language and infant pottying are simply integrated and normal parts of your lifestyle.

3 Strategies to Remember When Combining Infant Pottying With Baby Sign Language:

1. Make your chosen sign each time you approach the potty

2. Make your sign whenever your babe is on the potty

3. Use the sign to ‘ask’ if your babe wants to use their potty- respond to their excitement, respect their reservations.

With these 3 simple strategies you’ll be adding baby sign language to your elimination communication (EC) moments with ease. Sometimes your infant will display great awareness and control. They’ll sign clearly and in a timely way. Other times they won’t – being a little person is busy work!

Expect your practicing of baby sign language and of EC to ebb and flow. Like any natural process there will be flashes of amazing communication, the reason families get hooked on elimination communication.

See this as a wonderful and fleeting sign of the future, not an expectation they’ll be toilet independent at a very early age. EC is something you *practice* regularly, part of your lifestyle, rather than a ‘method’ or results based activity like conventional potty or toilet training.

Give it a go – Baby Sign Language and EC are great partners in helping your child to communicate with you as soon as they are able. You’ll gradually reduce your use of diapers or nappies, helping the environment, saving you money and best of all, enjoying a new dimension in the bond you share with your baby.

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Renew and Reuse Screws With These 4 Tricks

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1. How to renew and reuse a screw
The result of taking out and reseating a screw is usually a damaged slot. This is especially true if your screwdriver blade did not fit the screw. You can try to restore the old screw if you do not have a new screw to replace it. Start this by making the slots of the screw deeper. This can be done by using a hacksaw to cut into the slots. If the screw is not in the hole when you go to repair it, you will need to use a vise to hold the screw. Do not use your fingers to hold the screw. This protects you from injury as well as the threads.

Imagine you need to remove a Phillips-head screw, but only have a screwdriver that will remove slots. You can extend one of the slots all the way across the head with a hacksaw. This will allow you to remove the screw with your screwdriver.

2. Remove clogged screw
If a screw has been clogged over with paint, dig out the paint with a scratch awl.

3. Trick to keeping track of where screws go
When working on a large project, it can become easy to lose track of where your screws go when putting the project back together. This trick can help you keep track of your screws. Grab a piece of corrugated cardboard that has slots in the side. Use these slots to keep your screws in order of when you took the screws off your item. Sometimes writing notes on the side of the cardboard can help you when reassembling.

4. Restore a stripped screw hole
Plug a hole with a wooden golf tee. Fill in the hole with glue and put the plug into hole. Once the glue has dried, you will be able to drill out the hole and drive the new screw in.

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No Doubt That Dr. Mark Stengler Knows His Stuff, But Is High Energy For Life All It Claims to Be?

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There’s no doubt that Dr. Mark Stengler has released some fantastic products in the past, but is High Energy For Life a great product?

Let us to the research for you, and delve into the details of this program to review how great it really is.

Dr. Mark Stengler is widely known as America’s Natural Doctor, and spends time helping patients in his California clinic using both standard and alternative medicine methods, believing in giving the greatest treatment needed for each specific patient.

He is also a best-selling author, topping the lists with 3 popular books “The Natural Physician’s Healing Therapies”, “Prescription for Natural Cures”, and “Prescription for Drug Alternatives.”

In addition to practicing and writing, he also participates in a weekly tv show with his wife, Dr. Angela Stengler, “Dr. Stengler’s Natural Healing.”

Patients from all over have been so impressed with his skills they’ve taken a moment to provide statement on his website describing their experiences. These reviews are all highly favorable.

With this in mind, he just launched a new program called High Energy For Life- a 5-week online coaching program that promises to sky-rocket your energy levels by tackling ailments usually affecting our energy, such as hormone imbalances and weight issues.

Pick 10 people out of a crowd, and 8 of them are dealing with an ailment of some kind at any given time; some as everyday as a simple cold, others much more complex. Whatever the problem is, it always manifests itself initially as feeling “blah”- low energy.

High Energy For Life will be offering online coaching, downloadable mp3’s, and action plans for every week of the course for you to get the most out of it!

Nothing travels faster than word of mouth, and so Dr. Stengler and his team will be offering stellar bonuses to their customers to get the word out on how fantastic it really is!

Once I decided to look at the product for review, I was expecting a run of the mill program. Now, I’m convinced that it’s a fantastic product; plan on using it myself, and also plan on buying early so I can get some of those bonuses!

The fact that the program is less than 200$ is amazing. Other program I reviewed were offering less, and were more pricey. Plus, they didn’t have Dr. Stengler behind them, whose credentials impress me.

Imagine what having high energy would do for you? It would completely change your life! You could do all the things you wish you could do, all the things you are missing out on because you are too tired every day.

We all know that energy brings in more energy. Being energetic will give you more passion in your life! More vitality! More love! More laughter!

I’m convinced that Dr. Mark Stengler is not only a great physician in what he does, but that he truly cares about his patients and worked hard to develop a wonderful product. Now everyone has the ability to take advantage of his care, rather than those located near him, and it’s a great product to try.

The best part? It has a 30-day money back guarantee. This means you could complete practically the whole program, and if it wasn’t for you, get your money back and it’s like it never happened. NO RISK. That’s stellar!

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