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Minimum age to buy assault-style weapons in Colorado would change under proposed law



Minimum age to buy assault-style weapons in Colorado would change under proposed law

A Colorado lawmaker whose son was murdered in the Aurora theater shooting of 2012 is proposing a new state law that would raise the minimum age to purchase assault-style weapons from 18 to 21.

Centennial Rep. Tom Sullivan, father of Alex Sullivan, said he’s still working out the specifics of his bill, but that he plans to introduce it this legislative session. Rep. Meg Froelich, a Greenwood Village Democrat, and Sen. Sonya Jaquez Lewis, a Boulder County Democrat, have also signed on as lead sponsors.

Their legislation will not affect weapons designed for sportsmen, they say. Rather, they want to impose stricter limits on guns that are commonly used in mass-death incidents. They may model their definition of “assault weapon” after the one adopted by Boulder, which has its own ban on pistols and semiautomatic rifles with pistol grips, folding or telescoping stocks or any protruding grip allowing a weapon to be stabilized with the non-trigger hand.

“I have talked with the bill drafters about, well, why don’t we just define it as this is what you can buy — a shotgun, a single-bolt action,” Sullivan said. “And anything else you can’t. It’s like we said when you turn 18 you can buy 3.2% (alcohol by volume) beer. We didn’t have to define what a top-shelf tequila was.”

The advocacy organization Everytown For Gun Safety reports that people aged 18 to 20 commit 18% of U.S. gun homicides, though they make up only 4% of the population.

Colorado law already prohibits purchase of handguns by people under 21, so Sullivan’s proposal would built on that. Similar policies have been adopted in a handful of other states, including Florida in the wake of the 2018 mass shooting at a high school in Parkland. The shooter in that case, a 19-year-old, used an AR-15-style weapon.

It’s Sullivan’s belief that gun violence legislation should be discussed every year at the Capitol, and not just after mass shootings. Democrats control the legislature and they’ve been with him on that, passing seven new gun laws since they seized a legislative trifecta — House, Senate, governor’s office — in 2018. Six of those were signed into law last session, following the mass shooting at a King Soopers in Boulder.

Each of those laws was carefully choreographed. Statehouse leaders and Gov. Jared Polis like to be sure gun legislation will actually pass before expending political capital. They have also said they want to pass laws in this area only when they meaningfully reduce gun violence. Sullivan may yet win over his colleagues on this proposal, but unlike those seven gun laws since 2018, this one is less of a party priority.

Of his statehouse colleagues, Sullivan said, “They don’t have any problem going after big tobacco every year, but they shy away from doing things to prevent gun violence. The governor didn’t even mention the word ‘guns’ in the State of the State, neither the speaker (Alec Garnett) nor the minority leader (Hugh McKean) talked about gun violence prevention at all in their opening statements” on the first day of this year’s session.

Helen H. Richardson, The Denver Post

State Rep. Tom Sullivan, left, talks with state Rep. Meg Froelich on the House chambers floor at the Capitol in Denver during session on April 19, 2021.

“So it’s incumbent upon me to continue to talk about it because it impacts our communities each and every day.”

While this bill has not been made a caucus headliner, or been vetted thoroughly by the Senate and governor’s office, each legislator in Colorado is allowed to bring five bills every year without needing permission. Sullivan said this will be one of his five.

Its path to passage is uncertain. Speaker Garnett, who has worked closely with Sullivan and co-sponsored gun-related legislation with him in the past, said he’s proud of the “tremendous progress” Colorado has made in recent years in this area, but he’s less bullish on this particular proposal.

“(O)ur focus has been on legislation that we know will be effective and that will save lives,” Garnett said in a statement. “We haven’t seen evidence that raising the age to purchase an assault weapon would have that level of effectiveness, but I remain committed to working hand-in-hand with Rep. Sullivan to continue the tremendous work he’s done to save lives. We need to be focused on data-driven solutions that will have the most impact, or we may set back the progress we’ve made.”

Garnett’s counterpart in the Senate, President Leroy Garcia, said in his own statement that he’s not had “any conversations with my colleagues” about the bill — an indication of how different the process on this one has been in comparison to the processes that yielded the other seven laws since 2018.

Garcia is keenly aware, as Democrats are generally, of how sensitive lawmaking in this area is; in 2013, two Colorado State senators — one from Garcia’s hometown of Pueblo and another from Colorado Springs — were recalled for backing a post-Aurora shooting high-capacity magazine ban and universal background check law.

“I will be taking a long, hard look at this bill once it reaches the Senate,” Garcia said.


US reaches deal to reopen shuttered baby formula plant



US reaches deal to reopen shuttered baby formula plant


WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. officials on Monday reached an agreement to allow baby formula maker Abbott to restart its largest domestic factory, though it will be two months or more before any new products ship from the site to help alleviate the national shortage facing parents.

Under the agreement, Abbott must work with outside experts to upgrade its standards and reduce bacterial contamination at the Sturgis, Michigan, facility, which the Food and Drug Administration has been investigating since early this year. The deal, which must be reviewed by a federal judge, amounts to a legally binding agreement between the FDA and the company on steps needed to reopen the factory.

The agreement was filed in court by the U.S. Department of Justice, on behalf of the FDA.

After production resumes, Abbott said it will take eight to ten weeks before new products begin arriving in stores. The company didn’t set a timeline to restart manufacturing, which must be cleared with the FDA.

The FDA is expected to announce additional steps Monday evening to allow more foreign imports into the U.S. to address the supply problems. It comes as the administration of President Joe Biden faces intense pressure to do more to ease the shortage that has left many parents hunting for formula online or at food banks.

Abbott’s plant came under scrutiny in January when the FDA began investigating four bacterial infections among infants who consumed powdered formula from the plant. Two of the babies died.

In February, the company halted production and recalled several brands of powdered formula, squeezing supplies that had already been tightened by supply chain disruptions and stockpiling during COVID-19. The shortage has led retailers like CVS and Walgreen’s to limit how many containers customers can purchase per visit.

Outrage over the issue has quickly snowballed and handed Republicans a fresh talking point to use against Biden ahead of November’s midterm elections.

Abbott is one of just four companies that produce roughly 90% of U.S. formula, and its brands account for nearly half that market.

After a six-week inspection, FDA investigators published a list of problems in March, including lax safety and sanitary standards and a history of bacterial contamination in several parts of the plant.

Chicago-based Abbott has emphasized that its products have not been directly linked to the bacterial infections in children. Samples of the bacteria found at its plant did not match the strains collected from the babies by federal investigators. The company has repeatedly stated it is ready to resume manufacturing, pending an FDA decision.

Former FDA officials say fixing the type of problems uncovered at Abbott’s plant takes time, and infant formula facilities receive more scrutiny than other food facilities. Companies need to exhaustively clean the facility and equipment, retrain staff, repeatedly test and document there is no contamination.

On Monday, FDA Commissioner Robert Califf told ABC News that an announcement was forthcoming about importing baby formula from abroad. The key issue is making sure the instructions for the formula are in languages that mothers and caregivers can understand, he noted.

Pediatricians say baby formulas produced in Canada and Europe are roughly equivalent to those in the U.S. But traditionally, 98% of the infant formula supply in the U.S. is made domestically. Companies seeking to enter the U.S. face several major hurdles, including rigorous research and manufacturing standards imposed by the FDA.

San Diego father Steven Hyde has faced heart-wrenching challenges finding formula for his medical fragile daughter, who was on an Abbott formula but has had to switch with the recall and subsequent shortages in other brands.

Zoie Hyde was born 19 months ago with no kidneys, a rare life-threatening condition that requires dialysis and a feeding tube until she weighs enough for a kidney transplant.

Hyde said he used an organic brand from overseas until costs and customs hurdles made that too difficult. Friends and strangers from out of state have sent him other brands, but each time she switches requires more blood tests and monitoring, Davis said.

Despite her challenges, Zoie is walking, talking and “doing pretty good’ on other developmental milestones, Davis said.

“She’s a shining light in my life,’ he said.


AP Medical Writer Lindsey Tanner contributed to this story from Three Oaks, Michigan.

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Why Elon Musk Is Having Second Thoughts About Buying Twitter, According to a Top Tesla Analyst



Why Elon Musk Is Having Second Thoughts About Buying Twitter, According to a Top Tesla Analyst

Why Elon Musk Is Having Second Thoughts About Buying Twitter

Elon Musk says his $44 billion acquisition of Twitter is temporarily on hold because he is investigating how many of the platform’s users are real. It’s possible the world’s richest man didn’t conduct proper due diligence before submitting his offer. Or perhaps he’s having second thoughts about buying Twitter and looking for an excuse to back out.

The takeover, which has involved multiple investment banks and more than a dozen co-investors, now has a less than 50 percent chance of going through, according to Dan Ives, a Wedbush Securities analyst known for his coverage of Tesla stock.

“Our view is while Musk is committed to the deal, the massive pressure on Tesla’s stock since the deal, a changing stock market/risk environment the last month, and a number of other financing factors has caused Musk to get ‘cold feet’ on the Twitter deal,” Ives’ team wrote in a note to clients on May 16.

Ives added that the proportion of spam account on Twitter, which Musk claims is slowing down the deal, is “not a new issue and likely more of a scapegoat to push for a lower price.”

Under Musk’s agreement with Twitter, he will have to pay $1 billion in breakup fee if the deal falls apart.

Pushing for a lower price might be necessary, given Musk’s struggle finding the money to pay for the deal.

Tesla’s falling share prices complicates Musk’s plans

Musk has said he plans to sell $21 billion worth of his Tesla stock to fund the Twitter purchase. Tesla’s share price has fallen sharply in recent weeks, meaning that he would have to sell a lot more shares than he initially wanted to get the cash.

Tesla’s share price is down 28 percent since the acquisition was announced on April 24. The anticipation of Musk’s heavy unloading of his shares, Tesla’s manufacturing turmoil in China, and a broad market selloff all contributed to Tesla’s decline.

Yet Musk is pointing at Twitter for pausing the deal. He suspects bot accounts make up a bigger portion of Twitter users than the less than 5 percent claimed by the company. Since Musk said removing bot accounts is a key goal once he owns Twitter, he won’t move forward until he has definitive information about its user makeup.

The exact number of bot accounts is something that can only be calculated internally because it requires the use of private user information, Twitter CEO Parag Agrawal explained in a series of tweets on May 16.

“We don’t believe that this specific estimation can be performed externally,” Agrawal wrote in one of the tweets, adding that, without private data such as geolocation and IP addresses, it’s not even possible to know which accounts are counted as daily active users.

Musk dismissed Agrawal’s arguments by replying with a turd emoji. In a text response later, he suggested bot information should be at least available to Twitter’s advertisers. “So how do advertisers know what they’re getting for their money? This is fundamental to the financial health of Twitter,” Musk tweeted.

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Park Square’s ‘Airness’ promises plenty of headbanging — and a message



Park Square’s ‘Airness’ promises plenty of headbanging — and a message

It sounds silly at first blush. Yes, there are people who not only like to pretend that they’re playing rock guitar for arenas full of cheering throngs. What rock lover hasn’t done that at some point? But they actually compete against others for who does it with the greatest sense of style, realism and creativity.

Now if I tell you that there’s a play about a community of said imaginary guitar players who converge upon competitions around the country, you would be correct in assuming it’s a comedy. But it’s also a really well-crafted play, full of richly detailed characters with offbeat wisdom to share about getting in touch with yourself and your tribe.

“Airness” is currently receiving its Twin Cities premiere in Park Square Theatre’s first production since the pandemic’s arrival. Written by Chelsea Marcantel, it was among the most heralded new plays of late last decade, and Park Square’s production makes clear why. A topic that could invite derisive laughter instead inspires compassion for a group of people who may be linked by the act of pretending, but are some of the most real characters you may find on a local stage this year.

In the director’s chair is a veteran Twin Cities actor with a reputation for crafting vivid characters, Angela Timberman. Her clearly committed cast lends a verite vibe to a story centered around a seemingly absurd pursuit. And Marcantel has a marvelous ear for speech, both in the competitors’ banter and in captivating monologues when they set down their invisible guitars and talk about what truly drives them.

The plot unfolds over a series of regional air guitar competitions, newcomer Nina acting as our everywoman learning the tricks of the trade and finding acceptance within a supportive community of high-energy pantomime practitioners devoted to “melting faces and breaking hearts for 60 seconds.”

Yes, that’s how long you get to impress judges in an air guitar competition. And each of these artists seeks to not only wow spectators but tap into something deeper about what they want to tell the world (or at least a bar full of people) about themselves.

Nina gradually comes into her own with the guidance of analytical “Shreddy Eddy,” flamboyant “Golden Thunder,” open-hearted “Facebender,” and disdainful but eventually big-sisterly “Cannibal Queen.” They’ve become among the elite in their discipline with the help of tracks from the Ramones, Billy Idol and Queen, among others. Despite their posturing in the spotlight, they’re a vulnerable crew, and we come to see why this form of catharsis is so important to each of them.

Julia Valen’s Nina proves a fine guide to this milieu, endearing but occasionally explosive. And each of the others seizes at least one scene to command the stage. Such as when Daniel Petzold’s Facebender speaks of how a job dealing with death forced him to re-examine his life. Or Neal Skoy’s Shreddy Eddy poetically explains what Tom Waits’ “I Don’t Want to Grow Up” means to him.

If there’s a villain in this story, it’s Eric “Pogi” Sumangil’s “D Vicious,” who won the national championship last year, but is now turning a cold shoulder to his former support network. Yet he invites sympathy when we watch an endorsement opportunity shred his self-esteem.

But each actor offers a layered portrayal ideal for Marcantel’s pitch-perfect writing. Clad in the eye-catching costumes of Ash M. Kaun, they prove very enjoyable company, and may even inspire you to examine if you have enough self-expression in your life.

Rob Hubbard is a freelance Twin Cities arts writer. Reach him at [email protected]


  • When: Through June 5
  • Where: Park Square Theatre, 20 W. Seventh Place, St. Paul
  • Tickets: $40-$16, available at 651-291-7005 or
  • Capsule: Outstanding writing and acting make a show about pretending disarmingly real.
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