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Selection of an Appropriate Project Approach

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1. A building society has a long history of implementing computer-based information systems to support the work of its branches. It uses a proprietary structured systems analysis and design method. It has been decided to create a computer model of the property market. This would attempt for example to calculate the effect of changes of interest rates on house values. There is some concern that the usual methodology used for IS development would not be appropriate for the new project.

(a) Why might there be this concern and what alternative approaches should be considered?

With traditional business systems analysis there is usually an existing office procedure that managers are hoping to streamline in some way. There are people who understand the details of the jobs currently done. They can help the analyst draw up precise requirements to be met. There is, in short, a well-defined clerical equivalent of the application that is to be built.

With a computer model of the property market there is probably no equivalent of a well-defined clerical model. The analysts will therefore have to seek ideas about the working of such a model from a variety of sources. Experts, such as experienced estate agents, may be able to contribute observations, but these are likely to be fragmentary rules of thumb. The academic literature on economic modeling might be studied. In the end the analysts will probably have to resort to building a prototype of the model. They will then trial this to see if it behaves in a similar way to the property market. There is always the chance that the property market behaves in just too complex and inconsistent manner for a computer model to mimic accurately.

All this suggests that the ‘traditional’ IS development approach based on a waterfall framework would be unsuitable. A more iterative prototyping approach is sensible.

(b)Outline a plan for the development of the system which illustrates the application of your preferred methodology for this project.

  • Define objectives: What does the management of the organization want from the model?
  • Survey existing software solutions and the literature on the subject. Has anyone done this already?
  • Consult experts. JAD (joint application development) sessions are mentioned in text as one possible approach. There are many other techniques to elicit relevant knowledge from domain experts which should be considered.
  • Based on the above draw up an initial prototype design.
  • Build prototype.
  • Test it, probably using real data from the recent past; you can compare the results of the model with what actually happened.
  • Analyze the causes of discrepancies; modify the model and rerun.
  • Stop this cycle when you run out of time, or are not getting significant improvements.
  • Carry out a general validation of how accurate the model it is, how easy it is to use.


What is the Statute of Limitations or Time Limit for an Accident or Personal Injury Case?

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In every jurisdiction that I know of, you have time limits on your personal injury or auto accident claim. In other words, let’s say that you get injured in an accident on November 10, 2006. Even though you did not cause the accident, if you do not settle your case or file a lawsuit by a certain date, you will barred or blocked from ever seeking a financial recovery in the future. That time frame is known as the statute of limitations.

Statutes of limitations are usually set by the legislative branch of the government, state or federal.


Most states have different time limits for different kinds of cases, and these time limits can change over time. Take the the state where I practice as an example, Nevada, where I have practiced law as a Las Vegas Personal Injury Lawyer for the past 17 years:

You have two (2) years to file a personal injury claim in Nevada, usually. But there are exceptions that make the time frame either longer or shorter. Using our example of November 10, 2006, if you are an adult and were injured, you have until November 10, 2008 to settle or file suit. That is actually two years and a day if you think about it, but the courts allow it.

If you are a minor (under 18 years of age) and are injured, you have until two (2) years after the age of majority, so in other words, you have until you are 20 to settle your claim or file suit.

Sometimes, you only have one year in Nevada. For example, in medical malpractice claims, the time frame was shortened to one year from the date you knew or should have known of the malpractice. It used to be two years. Also, if a person dies from natural causes after being in an accident, the heirs only have one year from the date of death in which to settle the claim or file suit (maybe less time if the person died less than a year before the two-year statute of limitations).

There is no forgiveness in the law for missing a statute of limitations deadline. Unless a riot or civil unrest occur, or maybe a natural disaster (think Katrina), if you miss the deadline, your case is over.

Seek the advice of an experienced Las Vegas Accident Attorney or wherever you live in obtaining correct time limits that apply to your case.

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Online Bingo Blogs – Importance of Blogging in Bingo Game Business

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As the popularity of Online Bingo Games increases, different people from varied diversities are coming forward to play bingo online. Due to the huge popularity it is getting, the number of sites that provide bingo is also increased, resulting in huge competition among the service providers. So the providers are choosing different ways to promote their sites in which the blogs play a major role in driving people to their bingo networking sites at the same time building back-links to their websites.

The main motto of blogging is to share the valuable information to users and guide them in a right way. This became an advantage to the service providers by building the blogs and thus giving a back link to their sites. The user will have the option to choose from different bingo sites by providing reviews on popular bingo sites. So the users can read the review and if they like it, they can visit the website to play bingo online.

So blogs play a vital role in the success of bingo game business. These bingo online blogs contain all the information related to bingo like history, game options, promotions, reviews, bonuses, jackpots, how to play, rules & regulations etc. The users/players will get a clear idea reading these blogs, which helps them in playing bingo effectively. These blogs also offer special coupons to play which make their users re-visit them.

These service providers are hiring Professional content writers to write effective content in their blogs. Now a days, some bingo blogs have come up with the concept of “live support” where users can get the help from experts.

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Alcohol Abuse At Work

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Alcohol is prominent in all regions of the United States. It doesn’t take much of a search to see alcohol or alcoholic advertisements in the stores, the marketplace, on billboards, and on the television. Alcohol is just about everywhere. It almost seems sometimes that more people drink alcohol than don’t.

A common thing among our friends and family members is to go get a drink at lunch time or after work. For someone who may be addicted that is trying to curb their use or stop altogether, this may be a challenging thing. Sometimes it is just a matter of a coworker asking “Want to go get a drink after work?” and before the addicted one knows it, it’s after one a.m. and the bar is closing.

Maybe their weekly schedule consists of a couple of drinks after work and then a few more at the house for a nightcap. They wake up and repeat the whole cycle again, day after day. Then maybe the day comes when they drink before work, at lunch time and after work or at home or they call in sick so that they may sit at home and drink all day.

To some, this may be surprising but actually it is more common than one might think. In fact, many people live everyday with a drink nearby, whether it is in their hand or waiting for them in the tavern around the corner or down the street.

There are many obvious reasons not to abuse alcohol, but especially while at work. When drinking at work and depending on your occupation many things can happen under the influence of alcohol. You can become a threat to other people’s physical welfare, especially if you’re drunk when operating machinery, or drinking and driving to and from work.

In this day and age, the smell of alcohol on ones breath at work is cause for termination. Many people who abuse alcohol at work may find themselves losing one job after another especially if they have a drinking problem. No matter how hard they try to not drink during working hours, the idea of a beer, whiskey sour or the bottle they brought to work with them and have hidden in the desk drawer or glove box may be just too hard to turn down.

One of the definitive ways to separate the non-alcoholic from the alcoholic is to see if the person can drink one drink at, say, lunchtime and not drink again for the rest of the day, week or month. For the alcoholic, a drink at lunchtime is usually just the beginning of a binge that will end them up drunk by bedtime. Some alcoholics may be able to curb their craving for a day, maybe two or three, but it will usually be short lived. More than likely they will find themselves once again drinking during working hours, threatening their own life and those around them by their drinking problem and inebriated state of mind.

There are harsh consequences to alcohol abuse at work. Many people have killed themselves, or been killed by people under the influence of alcohol while at work. The best case scenario for someone who drinks at work is termination. But this means they are only biding their time if they continue to drink while at work. Something worse is bound to happen. Every time a person drinks at work, they are taking one step closer to disaster and no one is able to predict when that disastrous time may come.

If you or someone you know has a drinking problem and is abusing alcohol at work or at home, assist them in finding the appropriate help and call an alcohol treatment program today.

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Cable That Won’t Mow You Down With Bills

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The world today is a lightning roller coaster ride and you are constantly swished along at breakneck speeds. Society has moved on to newer mediums of relations and mutual connections. This holds true especially in areas of business, education, human resource pooling and job-probing.

Maybe 20 or 30 years ago, not having a reliable internet connection or the service of digital and satellite television was not that important for the average citizen. But now, people need such services to be able to stay wired to information about themselves and their surroundings. Cheap cable couldn’t be a stronger preference than it is now.

The Need!

Present graduates, for instance, wouldn’t fall upon many opportunities of work and other accessories connected to professional grooming if they didn’t log on to the web through cable deals and get in touch with options affecting their career choices.

Many individuals, with the incessantly competitive lives they lead, would be at a loss when finding alternative routes to qualify themselves educationally if they didn’t have internet access and because they hadn’t been able to manage formal academics while working. Therefore, not to put too fine a point on it, signing up more people not already aboard is the need of the hour. And thus, the need for effective cable deals.


To increase the value of internet broadband access and to down-scale its charges, people at the Federal Communications Commission have set down a plan involving the cooperation of private companies to decrease the current digital gulf citizens are stuck in.

A number of non-profit groups along with the country’s big cable providers are being engaged through federal-level drives with the purpose of informing low-income families about low-cost cable deals. Now, there is a definite resource for lower social strata members to adopt cable TV and internet through cheap cable services.

According to governmental studies, some of the homes where you wouldn’t find high-speed internet simply do not have it due to lack of access. A large number of homes aren’t connected because they’ve chosen not to be despite having access. The reason is that such homes either cannot afford a connection or the internet isn’t a priority in their personal lives.

On the business-stake side of getting big companies to participate in such a venture, it is viably predicted that giants like Cox and Charter or Warner Cable would not suffer any meaningful drawbacks by buying into this proposition. The field of broadband services already runs high markups on an average, making the newly set low-income prices enough to indemnify the overhead costs of providing monthly internet connections.

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Selling Catering and Event Services by Phone – Converting Inquiries Into Sales

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Phone Skills That Book More Events

I got this question from a new marketing client of mine who founded of a new catering and event company after years of working for someone else.

I’m finally getting leads from the website! This week I got more job inquiries than I ever did before. Now my problem is selling them once they call me. How do you handle an incoming call from a prospective client who is thinking about hiring you? Thanks, L.T.   Here are a few tips I passed on to L.T. He reported back that he’s much more relaxed and so far he’s booked a $9,000 job using these ideas. I hope you have the same luck!

First and foremost you want to build rapport quickly. You want the caller to get a good feeling about you and your business. No, this isn’t about “brown-nosing” or “sucking up” or “schmoozing.” It’s about attitude.

Some thoughts to consider before you pick up that phone ….

Attitude of Gratitude. Be happy that somebody is giving you the opportunity to serve them in a way that allows you to use your gifts and talents and make a profit. Don’t act grateful … BE grateful.

Attitude of Service. Be ready to help the caller in whatever way you can – even if that means sending the caller to your competition.

Attitude of Enthusiasm. When I coached L.T. we recorded some of his phone conversations (you can record your side of the call without getting permission) and he was shocked. He was trying to sound like a “business professional.” He sounded as enthusiastic as a Department of Motor Vehicles employee on a Friday afternoon.

Unless you only cater at funerals and bankruptcy hearings most customers are enthusiastic about the event they’re planning. They want to deal with a relaxed, confident and happy event professional.

The Most Important Person in the World.

Dale Carnegie taught us to “Make other people feel important – and do it sincerely.” How do you do that? Ask questions that you really want the answers to and listen carefully to the answers. When was the last time you spoke to someone who really cared about your opinion? Didn’t that make you feel great? Really try to understand what the client is saying – so few people do.

Care. Don’t ask about a client’s fishing trophy if you really don’t care. That’s cheap, insincere and transparent. My style of selling is strictly business – I don’t talk about sports, the weather or how nice your tie is. When I meet you as a prospective client I always get right down to business – not my business – your business.

Prepare. I go into every meeting prepared – I don’t ask questions that a professional should already know. If I’m trying to get a trade show account I know everything I can about the industry, the company, competition and their latest products. If I’m pursuing a sales incentive meeting I know the names and territories of the Sales Managers, the size of the sales force and the demographics of the attendees before I approach the buyer. Knowing what you’re talking about goes much further than unctuous glad-handing.

How do you prepare for an unexpected telephone inquiry? Stop winging it!

Intake Form. Type up an intake form to capture all the information you’ll need … and include questions that your competition isn’t asking.

High Value Questions. Make a list of smart questions that increase your understanding and improve your professional image. List questions that make the client say, “Wow, I’m so glad you asked me that – I didn’t think of that!”

Major Sales Tip! Always ask the caller if they’ve ever hired or experienced a service like yours before. Then ask, “What did you like about it?” and “What didn’t you like about it.” Get the answers to these two questions and your callers will have told you exactly how to sell to them.

When L.T. asked a client what she didn’t like about a previous caterer, the client said she didn’t like the servers – they didn’t look professional. L.T. emailed over photos and testimonials about of his wait staff . He got the job!

Objections. Start keeping track of all the objections you get on the phone … and then prepare a presentation that preempts them. The best way to handle an objection is to structure your presentation so that they never become an issue – but be careful about preventing clients from voicing their legitimate concerns.

L.T. thought that by saying to callers, “Our prices aren’t cheap – because we don’t do cheap work and our clients only want the best,” eliminated the price objection. It didn’t – it made the caller feel too embarrassed from sharing price concerns – and made L.T. sound like a jerk!

Sales Script. No, you never want to read a sales script to a caller and end up sounding like a phony telemarketer … but you do want to make sure you give the caller a great sounding presentation.

Here’s how to write a great telephone sales script: Don’t write it – speak it.

Record and transcribe yourself talking to clients. Listen to your recording with a colleague or coach and pick out the parts you feel do a great job selling your services. Transcribe those phrases – exactly as you spoke them – and create your “pitch.” It will sound like you – but your best you!

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Things to Remember in an Auto Accident

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Things to remember in an auto accident

If you have ever been in a car or truck accident you know that there are some things you can’t forget, the sound of metal tearing, the feel of impact and the long process of dealing with an insurance company. If you have never been in an accident then the sad truth is that you will be sooner or later. Statistics show that a person is injured or killed in an accident involving a heavy truck every 16 minutes. That is just trucks, not counting motorcycles, cars or any other type of vehicle. So, it is better to be prepared for the eventuality since it will happen to all of us at some point.

The following is a checklist of things to do when you have been in an accident:

1. Seek medical help as soon as possible for yourself and anyone else in your car

2. Use a cell phone or if you have not been injured, walk to the nearest house to call for the police

3. Do not try to move your car out of the road or in any way alter the scene. This can sometimes make the police think that you are trying to hide some detail

4. Start gathering the evidence you will need later to secure a settlement from the insurance company or other driver. This includes taking pictures of the scene, taking names of eye witnesses for later statements and anything else you can think of.

5. Do not make small talk with the other driver or any representative of their insurance. They are not there to help you. Do not make any statements that could be taken as you admitting responsibility. Do not enter into any contracts or deals.

6. Contact an Atlanta personal injury attorney. Ensure that they specialize as either an Atlanta car accident lawyer or an Atlanta truck wreck lawyer depending on your case.

The last step is a must unless you are very well versed in the intricacies of insurance companies operating procedures. Many Atlanta personal injury attorneys have experience as judges, worked for years in the field or have represented insurance companies in the past. That kind of insider knowledge is essential if you want to be treated fairly and get what you deserve.

When you select your lawyer do not be unnecessarily put off by money concerns. Most personal injury attorneys accept cases on a contingency fee basis. That means that their payment is a certain percentage of the award that they win for you. If they do not win your case then they do not get paid. Be careful though because some fees associated with your case are not counted as attorneys fees and you will still be liable for payment

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