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Who Invented the Internet – What Is the Future?

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Before the Internet was actually the Internet, it was called ARPAnet. ARPA-Who? Yes, it’s a funny sounding name for sure. Especially considering what the Internet is today, literally encompassing every aspect of our lives. ARPAnet is an acronym for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. In the late 1960s, The Advanced Research Projects Agency and the Department of Defense set out on a mission. They were trying to find a way to simplify communication and share data, but not using the old telephone method of ‘circuit switching’ to transfer voice and data communications. That method was only able to send from one to another in a linear fashion – from end to end.

The ARPAnet once set up, as rudimentary as it was in the beginning (late 70’s, early 80’s) used packet switching which enabled the sending and receiving of communication and data to multiple locations. Thus, TCP/IP communication protocols were born. You can probably thank Robert Kahn and Vint Cerf, often referred to as the Father of the Internet, for that. What started out as a defense project quickly expanded to the National Science Foundation (NSF) and academia – which allowed the sharing of information in real time. In 1989 ARPAnet was shut down, replaced by NSFnet.

First Commercial Use of the Internet

The first public and commercial use of the Internet came when in mid-1989 when Compuserve and MCImail added email service for anyone who wanted it. Next, PSInet setup a commercial section to the Internet backbone. Then by the end of 1990 Tim Berners-Lee came up with HyperText Transfer Protocols, and that should sound very familiar to everyone; HTTP. Next came; HTML, UseNet, and FTP (File Transfer Protocol). The Internet was up and running, and only in their wildest dreams would they have imagined that today just over 4 Billion people are now connected online across the globe – soon everyone will be connected and their lives affected in some way.

The Internet Has Changed the Way We Do Business Forever

Before the Internet, businesses were using fax machines, Federal Express package delivery and Zap Mail, Snail Mail (USPS), and very limited data transfer with Alpha Pagers (very brief text messages for which you could answer Y or N for yes or no). At that time people were upset with Junk Fax advertising, little did they know the future of SPAM was going to take a big bite out of that nonsense – albeit, only to make it a 1,000 times worse. Before SPAM blockers, users wore the letters off the “delete” key within a month after buying a new computer.

The Internet sped up the flow of information and the speed of business to the point that in 1999 Bill Gates wrote a book; Business @ The Speed of Thought. Of course, by the mid-1990s nearly every legitimate business, big and small, either had or was building a website. Why not have an online brochure available 24/7 without having to print and mail out information to potential customers? Yes, the printing industry suffered, print shops across the nation were going out of business, almost as fast as the film-developing sector disappeared with the advent of digital cameras.

The Major Evolutionary Shifts of Commercial Internet Use

Yes, the Internet has changed everything in our world, but nowhere is the shift as dramatic as it is in the business world. From 1990 to 2000, within 10-years everything had changed. It was a chaotic time, yet a time for significant opportunity. There is always opportunity in change. The more rapid the change the more chaos, crisis, and yes, opportunity. Below is a quick list of some of the paradigm shifts the Internet has brought to business;

  1. Commercial E-mail became the preferred method of written communication
  2. Companies, regardless of size, built websites – competing on a level playing field
  3. Interactive websites allowed customers and businesses to conduct business online
  4. Industry Portal Websites sprung up with information in every sector of the economy
  5. Search Engine competition rapidly evolved to serve the instant information needs of consumers
  6. Bulletin Boards then Blogs, brought 2-way open transparent information for business communication
  7. Social Networks and Social Business Networks began to grow
  8. The whole world went mobile with smartphones – the Internet followed – the rest is history

Today, the world’s information is at your finger-tips wherever you are and whenever you want it. Soon, the SpaceX LEO (Low Earth Orbit) Satellite Network System, Starlink will deliver Internet Service to anywhere on the planet, and anyone with a mobile device will be able to access the Internet. Well, that just changes everything, and here we go again. Are you ready for the next wave of opportunity/chaos, aboard the next satellite rocket launch? It’s already here, and deployed. It will come online in 2020. Once again, the Internet does not disappoint – change is the Internet’s only constant. Your business should be constantly exploiting these new technologies

What’s Comes Next? What’s the Next Big Evolution for Business Computing?

This turns out to be an easy one to predict, as industry and the world’s largest corporations are already preparing. Consider if you will The Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, and AI (Artificial Intelligence) all connected in real time to the cloud, and all that secure data and information ready for anyone anywhere on any mobile device?

Imagine running a factory, supply chain, construction project, hospital, university, financial institution or multiple retail locations and having the exact pertinent information you need instantaneously? Imagine all those systems integrated, systematized, and optimally configured for maximum efficiency – on any job site, location, and the ‘need to know’ information for each team member in real-time.

From a business perspective, the Internet just got a 100-times more useful, but only if you take advantage of these changes and opportunities.

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A Quick Comparison Guide on DirecTV and Dish Network Satellite TV Deals

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What’s good in Dish Network? What’s good in DirecTV? If you live in the Continental USA and Hawaii and desire satellite TV systems, you have basically two choices. Lets compare these two major satellite TV providers and see who suits your TV entertainment needs the best.

DirecTV and Dish Network offer the most choices for the least amount of money. In most cases, you get free equipment, free setup, free installation and great package deals. The great news for consumer is that, both companies offer similar services and they both are competing for your business! So based on this, how do you choose between the two?

Dish Network’s biggest advantage is the free Dish Digital Video Recorder (DVR) that records up to 100 hours of programming. The second biggest advantage is price. Dish Network beats DirecTV a little in pricing and beats cable TV a lots. However, DirecTV has a few premium packages like NFL Sunday Ticket that Dish Network doesn’t have. Price is way better than cable TV and is still very competitive with Dish Network.

Where programming is concerned, both Dish Network and DirecTV offer excellent entertainment packages in high quality digital transmission. Over 256 channels are available for Dish Network programming. Dish Network broadcasts as many as 231 NFL pre-season, regular season and post-season playoff games without having to purchase a costly season package subscription! It has more comprehensive international programming with additional foreign language programming packages.

DirecTV supports up to 225 channels. Compare with Dish Network, DirecTV has exclusive rights to some sports channels, but you need to pay an extra fee to get these channels. Some of the sports packages include NHL Center Ice, MLB Extra Innings, NY Yankee Games, NBA League Pass and NFL Sunday Ticket which gives you access to almost every NFL games.

The hardware needed for satellite TV are almost the same between the two providers. Both need a small dish, a satellite receiver and the access cards. You will be given a choice when you order some of the equipment options. If you want standard satellite TV with a DVR, or High Definition (HD) options, you will need different kind of dish.

The Dish Player DVR510 offers by Dish Network can records up to 100 hours of your favorite shows without video tapes! While DirecTV’s records up to 35 hours. Dish Network gives you free satellite TV equipment and free installation in up to four rooms of your home, which at no charges. For DirecTV’s subscriber, you will be charge an additional small amount for the DVR receiver.

Both of the DirecTV and Dish Network have excellence customer services with 24 hours online support and 24 hours toll-free telephone support. They both offers online services like viewing current and prior statements, add packages and make payments to your account. Online user manuals and installation guides is also provided.

Dish Network or DirecTV? It is difficult to make a choice between the two providers because they offer very similar programming as well as pricing. No matter which one you decided to go with, its sure will give you a great deal with some really good service.

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What Is Social Leadership?

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The term social leadership has been used in a technical sense by researchers for over fifty years. More recently it is being used by community organizations and others to describe a much broader perspective on people-centered activities aimed at creating a better world. Beyond this, I would suggest that it has great potential for use within the technical vocabulary of leadership studies, as a framework for the construction and evaluation of more comprehensive ways of understanding what it means to lead.

The concept originally emerged in the context of developmental psychology and educational theory as the opposite, or perhaps the complement, of task leadership. What this means is that when working with others, we demonstrate a propensity either to get the job done or to ensure that others are included. Presumably, personal success is dependent upon developing capacity along both of these lines, but our immediate concern is with the social aspect of establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships.

Outside the academic environment, the term is being used within the context of training programs offered by various, predominantly Christian, religious organizations to reflect a commitment to creating a healthier, more peaceful and prosperous world, with a happier and more fulfilled citizenry. Adherents dedicate their lives and talents to doing what they can, as much for others, as with others. Inspiration for this mission and the development of a sense of stewardship are found through submission to God.

What I am proposing here is the adoption of the term social leadership within management and organizational studies as a way to capture the idea that the leadership process entails more than just the mechanics of achieving goals through the management of tasks and people. It must also take into account human values, both ethical and aesthetic.

Ethical values are usually expressed in terms of what we think is right, or good. For many people, their understanding of right and wrong has been provided for them through their association with formal religious institutions, but this does not have to be the case. Philosophical systems can provide a set of socially compelling standards to which an individual is willing to commit, without requiring a concomitant commitment to some transcendent authority.

Aesthetic values refer to such concepts as harmony and beauty, elements that are essential to our perception and appreciation of the world around us, but which we might not think have any influence on the ways we manage, or lead. Curiously, it has become a common saying among those who study leadership, that it is like beauty. You can’t describe it, but you know it when you see it.

Within the business and management context, the concept of social leadership has precursors in the notions of social marketing and corporate social responsibility. The former concept refers to the use of conventional marketing tools to alter people’s behavior towards a social good, such as increased physical activity, stopping smoking, or volunteering in the community. The latter term refers to the idea that corporations need to balance their concern for making a profit, with an equal concern for the well-being of their customers and employees. This notion has been extended more recently to include a concern for the welfare of the planet, thus establishing the so-called triple bottom line that blends economic, social, and environmental factors, in a quest for sustainability.

I am not putting social leadership forward as a new theory of leadership. There are already too many of those. Rather, I am suggesting that the term be used to identify a framework within which existing and emerging theories can be analyzed and evaluated for their comprehensiveness and as a measure of the extent to which the insights provided by such theories can be implemented in practice.

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Factors Tipping Towards a Hosted VOIP Service

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A hosted VOIP service is getting popular today with the growing demand of its services due to the progressive technology that brings on quite a number of compelling advantages.

Total Cost of Ownership

The total cost of ownership or TCO is one of the major factors in considering a hosted VoIP system. As a cheaper solution over the traditional onsite IP PBX system, the hosted system is more favored as one can consider business expansion with geographically dispersed branches and numerous customer locations. The hosted system is favorable when there is an increasing mobile support needed with a good servicing to remote end-users.

Improved Employee Performance

Research and track records prove the hosted VOIPs offer more than cost savings. There is an obvious employee service performance with a good ‘buy in’ from the employees. Although there is a heavy investment on network connectivity, this investment reaps in more sales and profit that benefits the business in a shorter time than with another type of system.

Such hosted services ensure a good connectivity among the business branches to allow a robust and smooth operation with up-to-date information to the customers. VoIP services that are hosted would offer high call quality with high service levels crucial to businesses which could be demanded of VoIP service providers.

Increased Business Productivity

Hosted services allow more features for the employees to manipulate to their convenience and to the advantage of the business for a higher productivity. Management reporting and administration facilities are simpler and more structured than on-premise PBX systems. With a higher agility, hosted VoIP service systems allow the business operations to run more smoothly with an easier scaling in either direction according to the business productivity.

Hosted services of VoIP technology are manipulating world-class equipment based on the latest technology on secure networks that have built-in resilience with a strong business continuity factor.

Increasing Demand

It is not surprising to have more businesses considering VoIP systems that are hosted in the coming years. The VoIP market is expected to rise in exponential figures with the current 17% growth rate.

Hosted VoIP systems would be the preferred choice of a business that wants to take advantage of the advanced features of the system whose services are provided by experienced and skilled VoIP provider remotely. It is not just a capital expenditure investment with certain VoIP equipment; there would be more advanced features and services incorporated in the next couple of years on hosted VoIPs.

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5 Advantages of Pursuing MBA After Graduation

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Nowadays bachelor’s degree is not just enough to get a lavish job and earn well. As we all know that job market is already very competitive and people with simple bachelor’s degree are still hunting for a good job. Renowned company’s employers are looking for candidates who are well-versed in the dynamics of the market and experience as well. We have seen the growing demand for management courses in our country and many youths are chasing this course by preparing for CAT & MAT exams. An MBA course comes with multiple benefits and it teaches youths to learn more about successful business. If you are about to complete your graduation and confused whether to go for an MBA course or not, then here we give you the reasons why you should get an MBA degree:

  1. High Package Salary– Well after pursuing an MBA course and paying high fees, it is somewhat manifest that you will get a better job opportunity and get a higher salary. With an MBA degree and great command on their specialized subject, one can demand a higher salary.
  2. Quick Start & Great Career Opportunity– You must have seen many graduates are still struggling to get a job and they are not getting high salary either. But if you see an MBA graduate, they get a quick start and earn really well. They got trained during their course tenure; hence employers are always ready to hire an MBA person so that they would start their work immediately without any training.
  3. Lots of Opportunities for Business Networking & Socialising – MBA aspirants will get many opportunities to work as an intern at leading companies and can learn a lot of things about the corporate world during their internship. Aspirants will get a chance to understand the real corporate world and it will be beneficial to them as well to sustain in the competitive world.
  4. Enhance Personal as well as Professional Skills – Doing an MBA course is always beneficial for the aspirants as it will not just provide you with professional teaching and training but also help you to boost your personality. By pursuing this course, you will definitely develop a better personality and will lead the corporate world with confidence.
  5. International Exposure – Most of the MBA colleges in India are allied with top international universities so that they could provide their students with an opportunity to complete a part of their course in their campus. Moreover, many colleges also offer internship in abroad and provide international degree after completing their internship. MBA is the only course where you will get ultimate exposure with great learning, training and foreign trip.

So, if you really want to pursue an exciting career with great income then MBA course is perfect for you. You can opt for this course as per your convenient as there are provisions for regular, part-time, evening classes and distance learning courses as well. Just choose whichever course is valuable to you and be ready to make a successful career in the corporate world with attractive salary.

(www.schoolofmanagementghy.com)

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Seven Continuous Trends in Education

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In this next decade of the 21st Century, a good, well rounded education could be the difference between a developing future or a future dependent on low wage employment, and periods of unemployment. One reason the current boom in private and on-line education is one sector that continues to expand. What are the seven current trends in education?

1. A More Affordable Education

Despite austerity measures and cut backs in government education programs, private and internet-based education programs are bridging this gap. The graduate of tomorrow may study online, but work part-time, and

attend a private or on-line education course. This can be more affordable, as student debt levels decrease, due to the fact they are not restricted to spending several years at College or University.

2. Education for All

Before the internet age, few students had the option of studying outside a traditional educational institute. The growth in these traditional educational institutes offering an online alternative, and the fact the internet could be perceived as a web of information. Allows today’s students to access information more easily, and choose a program that is more affordable, and relevant to their needs.

3. Increased Employment Opportunities

Globally, a higher percentage of people are studying a course, degree or training then in previous generations. This is leading to more job opportunities in education, especially in the field of higher, specialized education. As our economies are inter-linked globally, this trend should continue as internationally standard tests and examinations are available globally.

4.A Growth in Self Learning

One of the greatest successes of the internet age, has been the simple fact that information is available at a click, it simply means that anyone interested in a subject can find a wealth of information through a website, video or blog. This trend should continue as the on-line presence of educational institutions grows, and internet access becomes cheaper and easily accessible.

5. The Internationalization of Education

State education is dropping in standards in many countries, due to the high cost of education and the challenge of internet based educational programs. International examinations are available online, and with the growth of home schooling, parents can by-pass an often antiquated state system, whilst their children study for an international examination. A child in Nairobi, could in the future gain the same qualifications, as a similar child in New York.

6. The Need for Re-Training

A fast growing global economy, means that in our own lifetime we may have to re-train more in order to compete in a global workplace. This need, coupled with a more demanding working environment, means that often we learn new skills in our spare time- often online. This trend should continue as a new economy materializes in the next few years, and new job markets are created with this economy.

7. A Wired, Knowledge Based Society

Knowledge is fast becoming the new currency of our global economy, and as we inter-connect with each other through the net- those that provide this knowledge are the new income earners of the future.

Despite stringent budget cuts in education, there are very real replacements to a book based classroom or university. Those seeking a future, can find them online and even if the costs of a ‘traditional” education continue to rise, the alternatives may better this in the near future.

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Used Cisco Switches, Routers and Other Second Hand IT Hardware Can Get the Job Done For Less

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Used computer hardware, such as used Cisco switches or routers, can work just as smoothly as brand new ones. With faster and more hardworking technologies being developed constantly, changes in hardware tend to happen more frequently than planned. The untimely tech upgrades thus create a surplus in IT equipment, which doesn’t have to go to waste.

Many companies have recognized the value of this surplus hardware. They offer to purchase or trade used or old and unused hardware, refurbish them then sell them to people in need of technology. Thanks to these enterprising people, good technology isn’t put to waste. They make a profit, companies with surplus get to liquidate, and end users get their hardware for less.

For the end user, savings is the most obvious benefit of acquiring used Cisco switches, access servers, and other equipment. Getting the job done for less is always good for businesses.

Vigilance when buying second hand equipment, however, is very important. When purchasing refurbished equipment, consider buying from established and reputable companies. The more established providers of secondary market equipment can offer warranties even for End-of-Life and End-of-Support products. This provides assurance that even if Cisco no longer provides support for a product, the service provider will be able to help in case of hardware failure.

Pre- and post-sales support is another essential factor to consider when buying secondary market Cisco equipment. Aside from helping clients determine which products or configuration they need, the company should also be able to provide robust customer service and technical support.

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