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How Do I Know If I’ve Been Bugged?

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Are you a potential target?

1. If eavesdropping on anything you say, write, or do could increase someone else’s wealth or influence, then the answer is yes, you are a potential target.

2. Others know your confidential business or professional trade secrets.

This is the most obvious indicator of covert eavesdropping activities. Theft of confidential information is a multi-billion dollar underground industry in the United States. Often the loss of your secrets will show up in very subtle ways so you should always trust your instincts in this matter. When your competitors, associates or co-workers know things that are obviously private, or the media finds out about things they should not know, then it is reasonable to suspect technical eavesdropping or bugging.

3. Secret meetings and bids seem to be less than secret.

Confidential meetings and bids are very popular targets for corporate spies. How would you like the plans for the corporate takeovers you’re planning to become public knowledge? Would copies of your product designs be of any use to your competitors? Would it be beneficial for your competitors to know how much you’re quoting for the same project?

4. People seem to know your activities when they shouldn’t.

5. You have noticed strange sounds or volume changes on your phone lines.

This is commonly caused by an amateur eavesdropper when they attach a wiretap, or activate a similar listening device. Surveillance devices often cause slight anomalies on the telephone line such as volume shift or drop-out. Professional eavesdroppers and their equipment usually do not make such noises; so if this is going on it could indicate that an amateur eavesdropper is listening in. On the other hand you could simply be experiencing a flaw in the line, but you should check it out.

6. You have noticed static, popping, or scratching on your phone lines.

This is caused by the capacitive discharge which occurs when two conductors are connected together (such as a bug or wiretap on a phone line). This is also a sign that an amateur eavesdropper or poorly trained spy is playing with your phone lines. It could be nothing more then a problem with your phone line or instrument. However, it should be checked out by using one of our RF Detectors.

7. Sounds are coming from your phones handset when it’s hung up.

This is often caused by a hook switch bypass, which turns the telephone receiver into an eavesdropping microphone (and also a speaker). There is probably somebody listening to everything you say or do within twenty feet of the telephone (if this is happening).

8. Your phone often rings and nobody is there, or a very faint tone, or high-pitched squeal/beep is heard for a fraction of a second.

This is an indicator of a slave device, or line extender being used on your phone line. This is also a key indicator of a harmonica bug, or infinity transmitter being used. Of course it may also be nothing more then a fax machine or modem calling the wrong number. However, using one of our Telephone Line Analyzers. should check it out.

9. You can hear a tone on your line when your phone is on the hook (by using an external amplifier). Contact us!

10. Your AM/FM radio has suddenly developed strange interference.

Many amateur and spy shop eavesdropping devices use frequencies within or just outside the FM radio band, these signals tend to drift and will “quiet” an FM radio in the vicinity of the bug. Look for the transmissions at far ends of the FM radio band, and at any quiet area within the FM band. If the radio begins to squeal then slowly move it around the room until the sound become very high pitched. This is referred to as feedback detection or loop detection and will often locate the bug. The “stereo” function should be turned off so the radio is operating in “mono” as this will provide a serious increase in sensitivity. If you find a “squealer” in this manner then immediately Contact us!

11. Your car radio suddenly starts “getting weird”

Keep in mind that the antenna your car radio uses may be (and often is) exploited by an eavesdropper, and that such usage may interfere with radio reception (so be concerned if your automobile radio suddenly starts getting weird).

12. Your television has suddenly developed strange interference.

Television broadcast frequencies are often used to cloak a eavesdropping signal, but such devices also tend to interfere with television reception (usually a UHF channel). Televisions also “suck in” a lot of RF energy and because of this are very sensitive to any nearby transmitters (this is technically called “Bandwidth, and TV signals use a lot of it). Contact us! asap!

13. You have been the victim of a burglary, but nothing was taken.

Professional eavesdroppers often break into a targets home or office, and very rarely leave direct evidence of the break-in; however, occupants of the premises will often “pickup on something not being right” such as the furniture being moved slightly.

14. Electrical wall plates appear to have been moved slightly or “jarred”.

One of the most popular locations to hide eavesdropping devices is inside, or behind electrical outlets, switches, smoke alarms, and lighting fixtures. This requires that the wall plates be removed. Look for small amounts of debris located on the floor directly below the electrical outlet. Also, watch for slight variations in the color or appearance of the power outlets and/or light switches as these are often swapped out by an eavesdropper. Also note if any of the screws which hold the wallplate against the wall have been moved from their previous position.

15. A dime-sized discoloration has suddenly appeared on the wall or ceiling.

This is a tell tale sign that a pinhole microphone or small covert video camera has been recently installed.

16. One of your vendors just gave you any type of electronic device such as a desk radio, alarm clock, lamp, small TV, boom box, CD player, and so on.

Many of these “gifts” are actually Trojan horses which contain eavesdropping devices. Be very suspicious of any kind of pen, marker, briefcase, calculator, “post-it” dispenser, power adapter, pager, cell phone, cordless phone, clock, radio, lamp, and so on that is given as a gift. That little gift the salesman left for you may be a serious hazard.

17. A small bump or deformation has appeared on the vinyl baseboard near the floor.

Strong indicator that someone may have concealed covert wiring or a microphone imbedded into the adhesive which holds the molding to the wall. Such deformation will often appear as a color shift, or lightening of the color.

18. The smoke detector, clock, lamp, or exit sign in your office or home looks slightly crooked, has a small hole in the surface, or has a quasi-reflective surface.

These items are very popular concealment for covert eavesdropping devices. Often when these devices are installed at a target location they are rarely installed without small tale-tale clues.

19. Certain types of items have “just appeared” in your office or home, but nobody seems to know how they got there.

Typical items to watch for and be aware of are: clocks, exit signs, sprinkler heads, radios, picture frames, and lamps.

20. White dry-wall dust or debris is noticed on the floor next to the wall.

A sign that a pinhole microphone or video camera may have been installed nearby. It will appear as if someone has dropped a small amount of powdered sugar either on the floor, or on the wall.

21. You notice small pieces of ceiling tiles, or “grit” on the floor, or on the surface area of your desk. Also, you may observe a cracked, chipped, or gouged ceiling tiles, or ones that are sagging, or not properly set into the track.

Prime indicator that a ceiling tile has been moved around, and that someone may have installed a hidden video camera or other eavesdropping device in your office or near your desk. Also watch for cracks or chips in the ceiling tiles. Amateur and poorly trained spies tend to crack or damage acoustical tiles. The ceiling tiles in any executive areas should never contain any cracks, nicks, gouges, or stains. Any ceiling tile that becomes damaged (for what ever reason) should immediately be replaced and the cause of the damage documented.

22. You notice that “Phone Company” trucks and utilities workers are spending a lot of time near your home or office doing repair work.

If you see the same or similar vehicles more then three times then you may have a serious problem (at least according to the U.S. State Department training course on counter surveillance).

23. Telephone, cable, plumbing, or air conditioning repair people show up to do work when no one called them.

A very common ruse which eavesdroppers use to get into a facility is to fake a utility outage, and then show up to fix the problem. While they are fixing “the problem” they are also installing eavesdropping devices. Some of the more popular outages involve power, air conditioning, telephone, and even the occasional false fire alarm.

24. Service or delivery trucks are often parked nearby with nobody (you can see) in them.

These vehicles are commonly used as listening posts, be very cautious of any vehicle, which has a ladder or pipe rack on the roof. Also, be wary of any vehicle, which has tinted windows, or an area, which you cannot see though (like a service van). The listening post vehicle could be any vehicle from a small Geo Tracker, Suburban, Blazer, Trooper, or Cargo Van. Look for any vehicle, which could conceal a person in the back or has tinted windows. Also, keep in mind that the eavesdropper may relocate the vehicle several times, so look around. Typically, eavesdroppers like to get within 500-750 feet from the place or person they are eavesdropping on.

25. Your door locks suddenly don’t “feel right”, they suddenly start to get “sticky”, or they completely fail.

Prime evidence that the lock has been picked, manipulated, or bypassed. Try to always use biaxial locks with sidebars (such as ASSA or Medeco). Also, only use double sided deadbolts in all doors, and good quality window bars on all windows, and a good quality door bar on all doors not used as a primary entry doors.

26. Furniture has been moved slightly, and no one knows why.

A very popular location for the installation of eavesdropping device is either behind, or inside furniture (couch, chair, lamp, etc.) People who live or work in a targeted area tend to notice when furnishings have been moved even a fraction of an inch. Pay close attention to the imprint which furniture makes on rugs, and the position of lamps shades. Also watch the distance between furniture and the wall as eavesdroppers are usually in a hurry and rarely put the furniture back in the right place.

27. Things “seem” to have been rummaged through, but nothing is missing (at least that you noticed).

A “less than professional spy” will often rummage through a targets home for hours, but very rarely will they do it in a neat and orderly fashion. The most common “rummaging” targets are the backs of desk drawers, the bottom of file cabinets, closets, and dresser drawers.

28. An eavesdropper sends you a copy of your private conversations.

As simple as it seems this is the strongest indicator, and solid proof of eavesdropping. An eavesdropper will sometimes send a victim a copy of a private conversation they intercepted in an attempt at blackmail, or in an attempt to terrorize, or to just stalk the victim. This is commonly seen in civil lawsuits, criminal court cases, marital problems, shareholder disputes, custody battles, and other situations were one side has a position of weakness and is trying to physiologically undermine their opponent.

When contacting DPL-Surveillance-Equipment.com please remember not to call from any suspect area, do not use your cellular telephone, do not use your cordless phone, and do not use any suspect telephone (instead call from a sterile phone somewhere outside the suspect area).

Who Gets Bugged?

High Threat Business Situations

* Your company has stock, which is publicly traded (or will be soon)

* Your company is having labor problems, union activities, or negotiations

* Your company is involved in any type of litigation or lawsuit

* Your company has layoffs pending (or they have just happened)

* Your company is involved in the fashion, automotive, advertising, or marketing industry

Anyone can be the target of covert eavesdropping, however; some people are under greater risk than others because of financial position, occupation, legal, or domestic situation.

* Spouses bug each other on a regular basis

* Parents bug children

* Businessmen bug other businessmen

* Scientists bug other scientists

* Students bug professors

* Attorneys bug other attorneys (and their clients)

* Insurance companies bug accident victims, and other claimants

* Construction companies bug other construction companies

* Salesmen bug clients

* Collection agencies bug debtors

* Police officers bug suspects

* Executive recruiters bug personnel directors

* Rock fans bug rock musicians

* Department stores bug customers and merchandise

The Neighbors, Coworkers, Friends, Enemies, Strangers, Your Spouse, Industrial Spies, Government Agents, Your Insurance Company, Your Boss…

High Threat Personal Situations (When to be seriously concerned)

You (or someone close to you) have been:

* Involved in any type of litigation or lawsuit

* Been questioned, arrested or arraigned by the police

* In the process of getting married, divorced, or separated

* A minister or religious leader (ie: priest, rabbi, deacon, bishop, elder…)

* Running for any type of elected public office

* Elected to any public office (ie: mayor, selectman, school principal)

* Executive or scientist at any large company

* Recently filed a insurance claim

* Engaging in political demonstrations or activism

* Employed by a defense contractor, Department of Energy, etc…

* Private Investigators have been “poking” around

* You are in the upper income bracket

Keep in mind that anybody with Money, Power, Influence, or access to sensitive, classified, or personal information is at serious personal risk.

On a related note: If you work (or have worked) for any kind of military, governmental, law enforcement or judicial agency the possibility of you being targeted for eavesdropping is very high. Such eavesdropping can come from either side of the law, and is rarely legal or court sanctioned.

Additionally, people married to, associated with, divorced from, getting divorced from, dating, or getting intimate with a member of law enforcement, private security, PI, or any level of the judicial system should be concerned about illegal eavesdropping (yes, cops love to bug their wives and girlfriends).

High Threat Occupations

* Attorney

* Doctor

* Chiropractor

* Dentist

* Architect

* Police Officer

* Court Clerk

* Judge

* Elected to any public office

* Mayor

* Selectman

* School Principal

* College Professor

* Product Engineer

* Software Developer

* Executive at any large company

* Scientist at any large company

* Employed by any defense contractor

* Employed by the Department of Energy

* Any minister or religious leader (ie: deacon, bishop, elder…)

* Corporate Buyer or Purchasing Agent

* Employee of a Construction Contractor

* Any type Sales or Marketing

* Labor or Union Official

* Fashion

* Advertising

* Personnel Directors

According the FBI the following types of businesses are under EXTREME risk and are popular targets of illegal bugging, wiretapping, and similar surveillance:

* Materials: Materials synthesis and processing

* Electronic and photonic materials

* Ceramics

* Composites

* High-performance metals and alloys

Manufacturing:

* Flexible computer-integrated manufacturing

* Intelligence processing equipment

* Micro- and nanofabrication

* Systems management technologies

Information and Communications:

* Software

* Micro and optoelectronics

* High-performance computing and networking

* High-definition imaging and displays

* Sensors and signal processing

* Data storage and peripherals

* Computer simulation and modeling

Biotechnology and Life Sciences:

* Applied molecular biology

* Computational Chemistry

* Medical technology

Transportation:

* Aeronautics

* Surface transportation technologies

Energy and Environment:

* Energy technologies

* Pollution minimization, remediation, and waste management

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SEO Services – Benefits of SEO Outsourcing For Small Businesses

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If you are an entrepreneur you must be accustomed to do business in a very structured manner. Usually, the chances are more that you must be managing almost every business processes all by yourself. Now at a time like this if you plan to swap over to the Internet marketing world, you will soon realize that you actually require functioning a bit different from your competitors to be more successful.

Nowadays, many people make use of search engines to get information on any product/service and so you need to be more familiar with the importance of being ranked high in these search engines. Ranking high in search engines can help you bring in more traffic to your webpage resulting in interested readers who might decide to do business with you. All of this can ultimately enhance your sales. For such expansion to the online customers, you need to hire a dedicated team of SEO experts for unique and consistent webpage optimization.

Outsourcing Benefits for small business promotions

The key benefit of outsourcing is that it makes you free from any sort of tension. This is because outsourcing does not distract you from the core business related issues. Therefore, it is always better to focus on the productive things that can make a big difference to your income rather than waste time on trivial things like no updated Blogs or need for a new plug-in for your webpage.

Along with this, nowadays SEO outsourcing services is available at quite an affordable rate. Even if you compare the cost of hiring in-house SEO experts to SEO outsourcing you will observe that outsourcing is much cost effective and easy to approach.

Why should you hire an SEO company?

Besides, considering factors like the time and cost, there are many other significant factors that you must consider before going for optimization of your webpage by professionals:

Quality optimization: SEO is an ongoing process that requires a good amount of time to be spent on. It need a complex research and methodology to be implemented and hence should be done with enthusiasm and patience. SEO webmasters usually have the knowledge and experience to work with competition and for different online marketing needs. They can easily standardize the optimization of your web page and thus producing a quality product.

Dedicated SEO services: Hiring an SEO expert will also be useful for dedicated promotion and marketing of your webpage. Firms providing SEO services will periodically update you with reports indicating the performance of your website as compared to your competitors in the market.

Result Oriented Services – You can be assured of getting desired results with Ethical and Professional SEO Company as they generally implement a structured SEO strategy for your site.

SEO Outsourcing India

Presently, India is one of the most preferred countries being chosen for offshore SEO services. Professionals from India excel skilled resources that can work for you dedicated with utmost professionalism and result oriented strategies. Moreover, most SEO companies in India can also help you to contemplate various optimization strategies and select the right resource according to market trends and requirements.

Today, SEO Outsourcing is the best option for all the web solution needs for a small business wherein you can save your money on other expensive Internet Marketing campaigns and invest them in your business expansion. Therefore, it is very essential for small business owner to understand the need for website optimization and outsource SEO processes to offshore countries to get maximum return to their investment.

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HIV & AIDS – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment, an Update

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HIV infection is a medical condition characterized by a progressive deficiency in the immune system of the human body, caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Currently there is no cure for this condition. However, anti-retroviral therapy has succeeded in reducing the virus count to a bare minimum, and has helped the immune system to improve. This therapy has multiple side-effects, and over time, the virus starts multiplying, while the immune system fails gradually.

Some Ayurvedic physicians compare the symptoms of HIV/AIDS to those of “Kshaya” or “Oja-Kshaya” mentioned in Ayurveda. While Ayurvedic treatment may not show the initial dramatic improvement seen with modern drugs, this treatment still has a significant role to play in the long term management of HIV infection. Ayurvedic medicines reduce the virus count and improve the CD4/CD8 count, which are indicative of the modulated immune status of the body. Judicious use of Ayurvedic medicines may also increase the innate (basic) immunity of the body, improve weight and cause excretion of the HIV virus from the body.

Traditional Ayurvedic formulations can be effectively used to treat the opportunistic infections which are a hallmark of advanced HIV infection. Kutaj Ghana Vati, Sanjeevani Vati, Panchamrut Parpati and Kutaj Parpati are used to treat recurrent diarrhea. Arogya Vardhini, Triphala Guggulu, Mahamanjishthadi Ghan Vati, Praval and Kamdudha are useful in Herpes Zoster infection and also in other skin infections. Laxmi Narayan Rasa, Samshamani Vati and Laghu Sutshekhar are used in chronic fever. Chandanadi Vati, Shatadhout Ghrut,Yashtimadhuk Ghrut, Triphala and Chandan (Sandalwood ) powders are useful in recurrent oral and genital ulcers. Laghu Malini Vasant, Madhu Malini Vasant, Suvarna Malini Vasant, Suvarna Bhasma and Heerak Bhasma are used as “general tonics”.

Herbal medicines which are useful in HIV infection are: Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Bhumiamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Mandukparni (Centella asiatica), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Pippali (Piper longum) and Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica). These medicines have anti-viral, immunomodulating and adaptogenic properties. Some of these increase body weight, yet others increase the “agni” of the body and therefore maintain cellular metabolism at an optimum level.

Patients with HIV infection need long-term or life-long treatment. Herbal medicines have the advantage of an impressive safety profile, and can therefore, be given for long periods without any significant side effects. Herbal medicines can be given independently, or as additional therapy to modern medicines. The current goal in HIV management of prolonging a healthy life at minimum risk and cost, can thus, be achieved admirably with herbal medicines.

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The Pros and Cons of Advanced Career Training

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If you’re interested in promoting yourself in your chosen career without the commitment of getting a degree, advanced career training might be right for you. This option is usually best for those who already have a bachelor’s or higher degree in their chosen field. However, those in fields that don’t require a degree such as real estate might also look into advanced career training as well. So what are the benefits of advanced career training?

Many times you can get advanced career training for free. Many companies encourage it and include it in their benefits package to entice potential employees during their recruitment process. Some companies require it, and usually will only pay for it if it is essential to their job.

It makes you seem ambitious to your current employer. By getting advanced career training, your employer knows that you are planning on making a career out of your current profession and perceives you to be valuable. Another great tactic is to talk to senior workers and managers to find out what kind of skills are necessary to your job. Then approach your supervisor or human resources department and propose advanced career training on those skills, stating they are necessary to advance in your field.

It makes you work better. While many skills necessary for your job are self-taught, advanced career training allows you to enhance those skills by learning the theories behind them. It also teaches you new skills that are valuable to the work you do now.

Now that you know about some of the pros of advanced career training, what are the negative aspects of doing it?

You can’t take it with you if you change careers. Advanced career training tends to be highly specialized, and if you decide to change careers the training will be useless. While some general information will transfer over to your new field, most of it will not. Which means countless hours have gone to waste.

It doesn’t look as good as a degree. This is why it is recommended you complete a degree program before you get any advanced career training. Moreover, if you want to move up to a managerial field, you better go for the degree first. In a scientific field, it would probably look better on your resume to get a postgraduate degree such as a Master’s or PhD.

Advanced career training can be expensive, and financial aid is not as readily available. If your company isn’t paying for it, advanced career training can drain your wallet fast. And, unlike undergraduate or postgraduate classes, it may be harder to get financial aid. You might want to look at those options first if advanced career training isn’t in your budget.

So, as you can see, there are both positive and negative effects of advanced career training. If you are fairly certain of your career path and already have at least a Bachelor’s degree, advanced career training is definitely the way to go. However, if you are not sure of your career direction or don’t have the necessary degrees for your field, you might want to check that option first. Advanced career training is not portable and won’t do much for you in another profession.

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Pros of Subcontracting Custom Web Development

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Many factors made offshore software development a popular trend among many companies both in European and American Countries. For an example, the value of the IT outsourcing in the North America in 2001 was 59 billion dollar. Key drivers in growth of offshore software development increased revenue potential, selling capabilities to external users, increased process effectiveness, freeing up internal resources, company philosophy of outsourcing non-core activities, lack of suitable skill set, control of costs, and gaining access to world-class capabilities. Software companies significantly increase their income by entering the OSD contracts in addition to the production software for market. With signing a contract, clients can avoid unnecessary expenditure on setting up their own in-house software development infrastructure. Many companies offer custom web development services with intention of offering most cost effective solutions.

OSD offers increased process effectiveness for clients. All processes such as development as well as maintenance and other part of the software life-cycle are run by professionals that are specialized in this type of work. This allows avoiding many of organizational, marketing and managerial mistakes which are figured out common most often. This may result in a decrease of the consumer order cycle time. OSD provides ability to free up internal resources where clients can direct enormous resources usually required by the in-house development to other activities. Provider in turn is free to promote and deliver a specific product to the market. This is usually a more difficult process than advertising expansion services as it allows concentrating on the core activities of the software development.

IT function has always been difficult to manage in organizations. Similarly custom web development projects require a deep and up-to-date technical knowledge, which is lacked by the most business managers. Due to this discrepancy a lot of software project are supplied across national boundaries. With mounting popularity of ‘business process outsourcing’, many companies have started accepting to contract out for core activities, concentrating on the primary business processes. Lack of appropriate skill is a factor behind an increasing importance of OSD. In Germany, for instance, the integer of programmer vacancies estimates for during 2001- 2005 was 210 000. With OSD, Client is free of the most of fixed costs of the development. Provider in turn is able to lower cost due to lower wages, corporate tax rate, rent expenses, etc.

The access to the world class capabilities can again be figured out one of the key success factors for OSD. With its help small businesses are able to get a world class quality services according to international standards because development firms tend to offer high quality development due to increased competition, caused by globalization. Worldwide outsourcing of custom web development provides better quality service. Offshore software firms do specialize in detailed services such as Java programming language, web-based development, etc, and also more skilled than the in-house department of services buying firm. Here, outsourcing firm gets an advantage of increasing its capabilities from its practices and experiences, especially in offshore contracts, when client resides in a developed country with a well established base of research and development.

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Erectile Dysfunction-What You Need To Know?

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To understand better what erectile dysfunction is, we have to understand first what refers to an erection then only then we’ll be able to know about this sexual problem.

During sex, penis is being stimulated and caused stiffness and enlargement in it. The whole process is known as erection. However, it is not so that it only occurs during sexual situations, it may also occur in non sexual activities as well. How it happens? In the primary body system, penis arteries automatically expand due to stagnation by which more blood is filled in the tissue cells of the penis and gives it growth and stiffness. This blood filled tissue shrinks by pressing on the veins that retract the blood back, causes more blood to enter and less blood to return. After a while a balance comes into reality where the same amount of blood starts flowing in the dilated arteries and narrowed veins and because of this penis gets a certain posterior shape automatically. Erection is necessary for sexual intercourse but not necessary for other sexual activities.

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

Erectile Dysfunction, also referred to as ED, is an inability to sustain an erection during sexual intercourse and it is a quite common problem in men. In this article, we are going to find out if this problem can be controlled. According to a study, a part of male population over 35-40 years of age group is suffering from this problem and the worst thing is that this percentage is increasing in young men also. First, we should find out about types of erectile dysfunction’s problem.

Types of Erectile Dysfunction’s Problem:

Short Term Problem: This is the case when the problem occurs for sometimes.

Long Term Problem: In this case the problem remains prolonged.

In the first case, lifestyle is majorly responsible for short-term problem’s existence. The type of problem is for a short period of time because of the following reasons like anxiety, stress and excessive intake of alcohol. The second type of problem may be physical and keeps for long time because of high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes and blood flow in private organ is affected, which may lead to erectile dysfunction.

Treatment: In my opinion, if you are going through from a long-term condition, you may want to consult with a specialist for the treatment of your prolonged problem. Curing of erectile dysfunction is completely depends on its causes. Your personal call has an importance for its treatment right from changes in way of life to medication.



Self-Help: Listed below are some self-help techniques, you may try before involving into medical assistance.

1. You may want to do exercise on a regular basis to improve blood flow for a strong erection.

2. You can take healthy diet for preventing erectile dysfunction.

3. You can try to improve your sleep schedule as it increases testosterone levels.

4. You can try to quit smoking as it narrowing blood vessels.

5. You may stop extravagant intake of alcohol because it affects on central nervous system.

Medicine: You may use prescribed oral medication to get and maintain an erection, if none of the self-help techniques are working.

1) Viagra, Levitra and cialis these all medications act in smooth muscles relaxation and also increase the flow of blood in penis during sexual stimulation.

2) Other alternatives include Alprostadil (Caverject) to treat erectile dysfunction either through penile suppository or self-injection at the base or side of the penis.

3) Testosterone therapy is a primary treatment for testosterone’s low levels.

In my opinion, you may try some self-help techniques mentioned above and if none of them are working then you may seek for medical assistance if you have the problem of erectile dysfunction.

Article Source: http://www.articlesfactory.com/articles/health/erectile-dysfunction-what-you-need-to-know.html

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Internet Access in Jos, Plateau State Ngeria

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Internet access in developing and underdeveloped counties generally face big challenges in terms of infrastructures like fiber optic cables, back-bone cable connections, lack of reliable internet Service providers (ISP), slow or not very fast internet connection speed (poor services), limited internet access to the general public, and high cost of internet access/connection.

Nigeria is not an exception to these problems even though there seems to be significant improvements in recent times and big plans for the future, the problems still exists and stands as a challenge yet to be conquered. Plateau State and Jos its capital city are both in Nigeria and are not exempted from the Nigerian situation.

Internet access in Jos city and indeed Plateau State and even Nigeria as a country has been mostly through the use of satellite (VSAT) which is considerably a very expensive means of internet access. People who cannot secure the high cost of owning or maintaining one usually patronize the public internet cafes or go for the internet access services offered by mobile telecommunication companies present in the State.

Locally it costs from about $1.00 to $2.00 (N150.00 to N300.00 as at march 2010) or even more for every hour of internet accesses at public internet cafes within the Jos metropolis. Notable local internet cafes and internet service providers in Jos, even though some have gone out of business include; Net-link 24hr (Jos Business School), Bethnan Internet Café, Rabjib, Zecon, Afrione, Zebeh, Logic Systems, UCL Internet Café, System Links, Metro Cybercafé, MD Internet café, etc. Also worthy of note is that most of the local Internet Service Providers (ISPs localized in the Jos-Plateau) make use of the Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) technology, MMDS (Multipoint Microwave Distribution Service) and sometimes fixed WiMax (World-wide Interoperability for Microwave Access) through the ISM bands to connect customers to their VSATs (internet access satellite) equipment for internet access. This involves the use of customer premise equipments like antennas (receivers) and wireless routers and Telco-Office transmitters mounted on pole/masts which operate mostly on line-of-sight (LOS) and sometimes on non-line-of-sight (NLOS).

With all the speeds that these Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) and Wireless Metropolitan Area Network (WMAN) offers; the through-put at the end of the day for the customer drops down to the actual shared internet access speeds available to the internet service provider (ISP) for its customers which is at most 5-7kbps (kilobits per second) on a very good day.

However, internet access today in Jos city and in Plateau State is generally being dominated by mobile telecommunication companies offering mostly General Packet Radio Services (GPRS), Enhanced General Packet Radio Services (EGPRS), Third Generation mobile internet access (3G), and EV-DO RevA type internet access technologies with the use of customized modems unique to each mobile telecommunication company operating as an internet service provider which are in a few cases better than what the local internet service provider (ISP) alternative has to offer. These mobile phone and telecommunication companies are the likes of MTN (MTN Fast Link), Zain Mobile, Starcoms, Zoom, Visafone, Multi-Links Telkom, and Glo Mobile.

Generally, the internet is very accessible in Jos and in Plateau State even though not at real broad band speeds, it is still very usable depending on the Internet Service Provider (ISP) you chose to use. However the best we have tested so far, even though not devoid of down time problems is the Multi-links Telkom’s EV-DO Rev A hybrid internet access modems. We rate it our best in terms of speed, and reliability, even though is fails in terms of reach-ability (it is not usable in some rural areas), setup (first time installation) and affordability (compared to the cost of what other mobile phone telecommunication companies are offering).

In the midst of all these, one thing is for sure; you will never lose torch of the internet to connect with family, friends, and colleagues or to surf the web and do some downloads or whatever you use the internet for whenever you find yourself in the lovely city of Jos or in most parts of Plateau State.

Markets & places of interest on the Jos-Plateau; Building Materials and Vegetable Market, Gada Biyu Market, Faringada Tomatoes Market,, Langtang Street, Rukuba Road Market,, Ahmadu Belo Way, Jama’a Junction, Mangu Market, Jengre Market, etc.

The Jos-Plateau in Nigeria is also the place to find the following commodities in abundance and at good wholesale and retail prices. Commodities like; vegetables (including Irish potatoes, Cucumber, Cabbage, Tomatoes, Green pepper, Green peas, water melon, Water, Onions, Carrots), grains (including Popcorn, Sorghum, Millet, Yellow Maize, White Maize, Beans, Acha, Rice, Soybeans, Sesame seeds), fruits (including; Oranges, Bananas, Mango, Pineapples, Strawberry, Grape), (including Cow, Calf, Goat, Sheep, Goat, Chicken Eggs, Broiler chicken), and gem stones (including Topaz, Ruby, Tourmaline Blue, Pink Tourmaline, Aquamarine, Quartz, Sapphire), and many more.

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