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Why scientists are teaching robots to laugh like humans

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Why Scientists Are Teaching Robots To Laugh Like Humans
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Anyone who’s shared a laugh with a friend knows how deeply bonding humor can be, so it stands to reason that our future robot companions are more likely to earn our trust and affection if they can laugh with us. But just because a the robot tells jokes doesn’t mean he can answer it appropriately. Did a comment warrant a polite robot laugh or a robot belly laugh? The correct answer could make the difference between an approachable android and a metallic boor.

That’s why Japanese researchers are trying to teach humorless robot nerds to laugh at the right time and in the right way. It turns out that training an AI to laugh isn’t as simple as teaching it to answer a desperate phone call to cancel a subscription. “Systems that try to mimic everyday conversation still struggle to know when to laugh,” reads a study published Thursday in the journal Frontiers in Robotics and AI.

Erica The Robot Looks Straight Ahead With A Slight Smile

Erica, the humanoid robot, is in the lab learning a sense of humor.

Osaka University, ATR

The study details the team’s research on developing an AI conversational system focused on shared laughter to make human-robot chatter more natural. They plan to integrate it with existing conversational software for bots and agents, who are already learning to detect emotions and manage open complexity like vague human orders.

“We believe that one of the important functions of conversational AI is empathy,” said Koji Inoue, assistant professor of computer science at Japan’s Kyoto University and co-author of the study, in a statement. . “Conversation is, of course, multimodal, and not just responding correctly. So we decided that one of the ways a bot can empathize with users is by sharing their laughter.”

The key is that the system not only recognizes laughter, it also decides whether to laugh in response, and then chooses the right type of laughter for the occasion. “The most significant result of this paper is that we showed how we can combine these three tasks into one robot,” Inoue said. “We believe that this kind of combined system is necessary for good laughter behavior, not just to detect and respond to laughter.”

To collect training data on the frequency and types of laughter shared, the team harnessed Erica, an advanced humanoid robot designed by Japanese scientists Hiroshi Ishiguro and Kohei Ogawa, as a platform to study human-robot interaction. . Erica can understand natural language, has a synthesized human voice, and can blink and move her eyes when listening to humans talk about their personal issues.

The researchers recorded a dialogue between male students at Kyoto University who took turns chatting face-to-face with Erica while amateur actresses in another room teleoperated the bot via a microphone. The scientists chose this configuration knowing that there would naturally be differences between the way humans talk to each other and the way they talk to robots, even those controlled by another human.

“We wanted, as much as possible, to have the laughter model trained under conditions similar to real human-robot interaction,” Kyoto University researcher Divesh Lala, another co-author of the paper, told me. ‘study.

On the left, a human talks to Erica the robot, who is controlled from a separate room by an actress.

Kyoto University

Based on the interactions, the researchers created four short audio dialogues between humans and Erica, who was programmed to respond to conversations with varying levels of laughter, from nothing at all to frequent laughter in response to her human conversation buddies. . The volunteers then rated these interludes on empathy, naturalness, human-likeness, and understanding. Shared laugh scenarios performed better than those where Erica never laughs or laughs every time she detects human laughter without using the other two subsystems to filter context and response.

The Kyoto University researchers have already programmed their shared laughter system into robots in addition to Erica, though they say the humanoid howls could still be more natural. Indeed, even as robots become more and more realistic, sometimes disturbing as wellroboticists admit that infusing them with their own distinct human traits poses challenges that go beyond coding.

“It could well take more than 10 to 20 years before we can finally have a casual conversation with a robot like we would with a friend,” Inoue said.

Erica, needless to say, isn’t ready for the standing circuit just yet. But it’s intriguing to think that there may soon come a day when it really seems like she gets your jokes.

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Sensex rises 1200 points and Nifty50 above 17,100 after Rbi announces 50 bps rate hike

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Sensex Rises 1200 Points And Nifty50 Above 17,100 After Rbi Announces 50 Bps Rate Hike
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By CNBCTV18.com Sep 30, 2022, 2:23 PM STI (Update)

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SStock Market LIVE Updates: Indian equity benchmarks BSE Sensex and NSE Nifty50 opened on Friday with minor cuts before turning green after the Reserve Bank of India announced a 50 basis point hike in repo rates. The market will enter the October futures and options series after the Nifty50 fell 4% in the September series – its worst performance in a series since May 2022. This will hamper the world’s largest economy. Catch the latest updates on RBI policy updates with CNBCTV18.com’s blog.

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: Indian equity benchmarks BSE Sensex and NSE Nifty50 opened with minor cuts on Friday before turning green after the Reserve Bank of India announced a 50 basis point hike in repo rates. The market will enter the October futures and options series after the Nifty50 fell 4% in the September series – its worst performance in a series since May 2022. This will hamper the world’s largest economy. Catch the latest updates on RBI policy updates with CNBCTV18.com’s blog.

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Putin calls ‘unprecedented sabotage’ of Nord Stream pipeline an ‘act of international terrorism’

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Putin Calls 'Unprecedented Sabotage' Of Nord Stream Pipeline An 'Act Of International Terrorism'
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Russian President Vladimir Putin.Getty Images

  • Russian President Putin compares the damage caused by Nord Stream pipelines to “international terrorism”.

  • NATO said pipelines carrying natural gas from Russia to Europe have been sabotaged.

  • A Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said the United States would benefit from the leaks.

Russian President Vladimir Putin called the “unprecedented sabotage” of the Nord Stream gas pipelines an “act of international terrorism”, according to a Kremlin statement on Thursday.

Putin made the comment during a phone call with Turkish President Tayyip Erdoğan, according to the reading.

Leaks on the main Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines carrying natural gas from Russia to Europe were first detected in Denmark’s Baltic Sea region on Monday. Other leaks have since been discovered, with Sweden announcing on Wednesday that it had detected a fourth leak.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) said in a statement on Thursday that the damage was the “result of deliberate, reckless and irresponsible acts of sabotage”. He threatened to retaliate, stating, “Any deliberate attack on Allied critical infrastructure would be met with a united and determined response.”

The charges continue, with Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov saying the damage to Nord Stream appeared to be caused by state-sponsored terrorism, Reuters reported on Thursday.

“It looks like an act of terrorism, possibly at the state level,” Peskov said, according to Reuters. “It is very difficult to imagine that such an act of terrorism could have happened without the involvement of any state.”

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova told a pro-Kremlin online broadcast on Thursday that the United States would benefit from the leaks because it would be able to export more liquefied natural gas if the pipelines could not operate, according to Reuters.

The leaks occurred in areas “fully under the control of US intelligence,” Zakharova told Soloviev Live, according to the news agency. “It happened in the trade and economic areas of Denmark and Sweden. There are NATO-centric countries,” Zakharova said. She did not provide evidence for this claim, according to Reuters.

Denmark is a member of NATO, while Sweden has applied to join the political and military alliance.

Zakharova also demanded an explanation from President Joe Biden on “whether the US followed through on its threat” to “terminate #Nordstream”, the Russian Foreign Ministry tweeted. September 28.

She was referring to Biden’s Feb. 7 statement that the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline would be disrupted if Russia invaded Ukraine.

White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said at a press briefing on Wednesday that Biden was referring to the Nord Stream 2 not starting to operate and dismissed claims that states United States is believed to be responsible for the leaks, according to an official transcript.

“The president said NS2 would not become operational and we would work with Germany on that,” Jean-Pierre said. “And he was right, because Germany took the decision in February to freeze him, which was widely reported by all of you. And so that’s what the president was talking about at the time.”

The Nord Stream 2 never began commercial operations because Germany suspended the project in February, days before Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24.

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Tom Brady: Tampa Bay Buccaneers quarterback and team owners to donate to Hurricane Ian relief efforts

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Tom Brady: Tampa Bay Buccaneers Quarterback And Team Owners To Donate To Hurricane Ian Relief Efforts
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Tampa Bay Buccaneers quarterback Tom Brady and team owners, the Glazer family, both announced Thursday that they will be making donations to Hurricane Ian relief efforts.

Hurricane Ian made landfall along the southwest coast of Florida near Cayo Costa as a powerful Category 4 storm on Wednesday. It strengthened in the Atlantic after killing at least 19 people in Florida and leaving millions without power, driving winds of nearly 85 mph on its way to the South Carolina coast.

Brady said in a Posting on Twitter“Happy was able to go home Sunday night, but so many people in Florida won’t be able to do the same.

“I will donate to the Florida Disaster Fund to get things started, and I hope the rest of the NFL family in our state follows suit.”

The Glazer family will donate $1 million allocated to “organizations that provide support to those most affected by the storm in Southwest Florida and across the state.

“The destruction experienced in Southwest Florida and the damage inflicted across our state will be felt for some time to come,” Bucs co-owner Darcie Glazer Kassewitz said in a statement. “It will take whole communities working together resiliently for an extended period and our family is committed to helping the recovery.

“Our thoughts and prayers are with the countless people affected, the heroic first responders and all those helping to keep others safe.”

The Bucs moved football operations to Miami, South Florida earlier this week in the wake of the storm. Earlier Thursday, the Buccaneers announced Sunday night’s home game against the Kansas City Chiefs would be played as scheduled at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa.

Brady, 45, spoke of the positive impact hosting Sunday’s game in Tampa could have had on the sport’s unifying ability.

“I always feel like sports have brought people together over a long period of time,” the seven-time Super Bowl champion told the media. “Looking at different adversities, whether it’s 9/11 or Katrina, sport has an amazing way of healing wounds and bringing people together and bringing communities together and starting to encourage a common interest for the common good.”

He added: “I think anytime you can be a part of things like that it’s a great feeling. I know it means a lot to us to always have the opportunity to come out and play for our fans. But after what so many people have been through in the state, it’s great to go out there and give them something to cheer about.

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Worst apartment ever? | Post Poppin’ with Asia Grace (Video)

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The typical New York landlord doesn’t give a fuck. That’s what TikToker Trina Rose learned the hard way when she encountered rats and cockroaches — and major flooding — in her $3,000-a-month apartment in Brooklyn.

You won’t catch Asia Grace from the Post picking up dead vermin. She called the trendy Williamsburg pad “disgusting” and “uninhabitable”. Worse still, Rose’s “greedy bastard” landlord raised the rent by $800 a month and then put the apartment up for sale for $4,700, she claims.

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Newcastle confirm deal to sign Garang Kuol from Central Coast Mariners in January as Magpies beat Barcelona against wonderkid who moved to Australia as a refugee

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Australian Teenager Kuol Agreed To Sign For Newcastle In January
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Newcastle United have announced that they have reached an agreement to sign much-loved teenager Garang Kuol, who will join the Premier League club in January.

The 18-year-old currently plays for Australian side Central Coast Mariners but the Magpies moved quickly to sign him ahead of a queue from top European clubs.

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Australian teenager Kuol agreed to sign for Newcastle in January

Kuol Is Highly Rated And Was Also Wanted By Barcelona

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Kuol is highly rated and was also wanted by Barcelona

Kuol, who recently made his senior international debut for the Socceroos, arrived in the north east on Wednesday to sign the terms, with Newcastle announcing the deal will become official in January 2023 when the transfer window opens.

Speed ​​was key for Eddie Howe, with the Daily Mail reporting that Stuttgart had already made an offer, while Barcelona wanted him on a two-year loan.

He is believed to cost around £300,000 and complete an initial loan spell after joining Newcastle.

Kuol’s family is from Sudan, but fled to Egypt, where Garang was born in 2004.

The family lived in Egypt for a year before moving to Australia as refugees.

Her father, Mawien, and her mother, Antonita, worked as dry cleaners, while Antonita also had a job as a seasonal worker in a fruit factory.

Kuol Made His International Debut Against New Zealand This Week

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Kuol made his international debut against New Zealand this week


And he is now on his way to becoming a Premier League player, as he told his new club’s official website: “It’s unreal.

“As a young boy in Australia, the Premier League is the main thing that everyone watches, but no one really thinks they’ll reach those heights. To be one of those people, to be in the position that I’m in, that’s It’s incredible.

“Now that I’ve signed for Newcastle I want to train hard, play hard, hopefully go to the World Cup and come back here.”

Kuol made his A-League debut for the Central Coast Mariners in April, scoring four goals in his first eight games.

He thrived under the tutelage of Nick Montgomery – the former Sheffield United midfielder.

Kuol made his debut for the Australian national in a friendly against New Zealand during the recent international break.

He was also selected in the 2022 A-League All Stars squad which faced Barcelona in front of over 70,000 spectators in Sydney earlier this year.

And now that he has completed his move to Newcastle, he has followed in the footsteps of his older brother, Alou, who joined Stuttgart last year.

Newcastle United sporting director Dan Ashworth said: “Garang is a very promising young talent and we are delighted that he will continue his development as a Newcastle United player.

“Our philosophy is to invest in our Academy and in exciting young players for the future, as well as players needed to make an immediate impact in the first team.

“We wish Garang well in his remaining matches with the Central Coast Mariners and we hope to see him back on the international stage very soon.”

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Newcastle Confirm Deal To Sign Garang Kuol From Central Coast Mariners In January As Magpies Beat Barcelona Against Wonderkid Who Moved To Australia As A Refugee

At talkSPORT we’re powered by fans, so come join us for the ultimate World Cup fan experience this winter – in the talkSPORT fan zone.

In a huge covered room under the arches of Waterloo in London, we will bring you live screenings of every World Cup game.

There will be Q&A with talkSPORT talent, you’ll be part of our live shows and plenty of food and drink will be on offer too.

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Apple shares fall following rare Bank of America downgrade

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Apple Shares Fall Following Rare Bank Of America Downgrade
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Apple shares fell 4.9% on Thursday after Bank of America analysts gave the stock a rare downgrade.

Analysts lowered their buy rating to neutral, also reducing its price target from $185 to $160 per share. They said they anticipated “weaker consumer demand” over the next year and pointed to macroeconomic challenges.

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Small Research Firm Disagrees With Bank Of America Call, Upgrades Apple, Predicts 25% Hike

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Small research firm disagrees with Bank of America call, upgrades Apple, predicts 25% hike
Bank Of America Downgrades Apple, Says Consumer Weakness Will End Stock Outperformance

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Bank of America downgrades Apple, says consumer weakness will end stock outperformance

The broader market was also negative on Thursday, but Apple’s fall was still greater than that of major indexes like the S&P 500, which fell 2.1% on Thursday.

The downgrade came on the heels of a Bloomberg report on Wednesday that Apple had told some suppliers to scrap plans to ramp up production of its new iPhone 14 after failing to see demand as high as expected. It also put pressure on Apple shares.

A second company, however, disagreed with the BofA rating. Rosenblatt Securities upgraded its rating on Apple from neutral to buy and raised its price target to $189 from $160, implying a 25% upside from current levels. He made the call after his survey of more than 1,000 American adults showed strong demand for even the most expensive new Apple products.

Rosenblatt questioned the production report, writing that there is “a recent history of comparable reports proving misleading when actual numbers are released.”

– CNBC’s Michael Bloom contributed to this report.

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