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Michigan Supreme Court refuses to hear case of James and Jennifer Crumbley



Michigan Supreme Court refuses to hear case of James and Jennifer Crumbley

The Michigan Supreme Court made history Friday in letting the unprecedented charges stick against James and Jennifer Crumbley, the parents of the Oxford school shooter who must now stand trial for their alleged roles in the deaths of four students murdered by their son in 2021.

The Crumbleys are the first parents in America charged in a mass school shooting as prosecutors seek to hold them criminally liable for buying their son the gun that he used in the massacre, and, for never telling the school about the weapon when they were summoned over his troubling behavior.

The parents, who are facing involuntary manslaughter charges, have been fighting for two years to get the charges dismissed. Their final appeal was before the Michigan Supreme Court, which after seven months of receiving the request, opted not to hear their case.

In a one-paragraph order released early Friday morning, the state’s highest court wrote: ” … it is denied, because we are not persuaded that the question should be reviewed by this court.”

To avoid a trial, the Crumbleys, who have been jailed for almost two years now on involuntary manslaughter charges, could still cut a deal in the case and plead guilty in exchange for potential leniency. However, the prosecution would have to agree to any such agreement, and the judge would have the final say.

Neither side can comment on the latest ruling as there is a gag order that prohibits both the defense and prosecution from publicly speaking about this case.

The Michigan Supreme Court’s decision comes just days after an Oakland County judge concluded that the couple’s son, Ethan Crumbley, is eligible for life without parole for his crimes when he is sentenced in December.

The Crumbleys have long maintained that they kept the gun properly stored, and had no idea their son would carry out a mass shooting.

But the prosecution, which conceded from the get-go that this was a difficult case, alleged the Crumbleys were irresponsible parents who ignored a mentally ill child and bought him a gun instead of getting him help. In the months before the shooting, the boy had told his mom and a friend he was hearing voices and seeing demons in the house.

More: Judge: Crimes of Oxford school shooter Ethan Crumbley qualify for life without parole

Prosecutors also argued that the Crumbleys — more than anyone else — could have prevented the shooting had they informed school officials that they had bought their son a gun on the morning they were summoned to the school over his troubling behavior. On the morning before the shooting, Ethan Crumbley had drawn a gun and a human body bleeding on his math worksheet, along with the words, “The thoughts won’t stop. Help me.”

The Crumbleys went back to their jobs after the school meeting and promised to get him help, never disclosing they had bought him a gun.

Two hours later, Ethan Crumbley emerged from a bathroom and opened fire in the hallways, killing four students and injuring seven others, including a teacher.

“While the shooter was the one who entered the high school and pulled the trigger, there (were) other individuals who contributed to the events on Nov. 30, and it’s my intention to hold them accountable as well,” Oakland County Prosecutor Karen McDonald said two days after the shooting, referring to the Crumbleys.

Oakland County Prosecutor Karen McDonald implores Oakland County Judge Kwame Rowe to sentence Ethan Crumbley to life without parole during closing statements on Friday, Aug. 18, 2023, in Pontiac, Mich. The Oakland County Prosecutors are making their case that Crumbley, a teenager, should be sentenced to life without parole for killing four students and injuring seven others at Oxford High School in 2021.

But the defense countered the charges were overreaching, unwarranted, and could set a dangerous precedent for parents everywhere who could be held accountable for their childrens’ actions.

“Of course, the desire to hold someone accountable for the tragedy that occurred at Oxford High School on November 30, 2021 is certainly understandable, but ‘the temptation to stretch the law to fit the evil is an ancient one, and it must be resisted,’ ” defense attorney Shannon Smith argued in prior court filings.

Defense attorney Shannon Smith cross-examines Amanda Holland at a hearing for James and Jennifer Crumbley, parents of Ethan Crumbley who are accused of the deadly school shooting at Oxford High School in late November, sit in the courtroom of Judge Julie Nicholson of 52/3 District Court in Rochester Hills on Feb. 8, 2022. The couple is facing involuntary manslaughter charges for allegedly buying the gun that the police say their son used in the shooting that killed four students and injured six other students and a teacher.

The defense has long argued that the initial district judge in the Crumbley’s case abused her discretion in binding the couple over for trial, maintaining the decision to charge them was “clearly erroneous,” sets a dangerous precedent and will “cause injustices.”

The Michigan Court of Appeals disagreed, concluding in March that the judge did not abuse her discretion and upheld the charges.

So the Crumbleys appealed to the Michigan Supreme Court, maintaining that the prosecution could not prove that they caused the students’ deaths and that the only one responsible was their son, who pleaded guilty to the murders last year.

“Certainly, after every school shooting, the media and those affected are quick to point to so-called ‘red flags’ that were missed by those in the shooter’s life. But the truth of the matter is, one cannot predict the unimaginable,” attorney Mariell Lehman, who is representing James Crumbley, wrote in her filing to the Supreme Court.

Jennifer Crumbley, sat to the left of attorney Mariell Lehman as her husband, James Crumbley sat to the right in the Oakland County courtroom of Judge Cheryl Matthews on March 22, 2022, regarding pretrial matters.

Smith, who is representing Jennifer Crumbley, echoed that in her filing, arguing the rationale for charging the Crumbleys “should be particularly troubling” and “begs the question of when a parent will cross the subjective line of ‘good parenting’ and render (themselves) criminally liable for the independent acts of a teenager.“

In this case, Smith argued, it was the teenage son who terrorized a school with deadly violence, not the parents.

Ethan Crumbley’s “acts, without a doubt, constitute intentional misconduct,” Smith wrote in her filing with the Supreme Court. “As made clear by his 21-page journal, (Ethan) did not, in the spur of the moment, embark on the homicidal rampage; to the contrary, (he) planned the attack well in advance.“

And, Smith argues, his parents had no way of knowing this.

The Oakland County Prosecutor’s Office disagrees, arguing that the Crumbleys, more than anyone else, could have prevented the shooting had they paid attention to their son’s mental health, alleging the boy was spiraling out of control but got no help from his parents.

After the shooting, police discovered the journal in Ethan Crumbley’s backpack. In it, he detailed his plans to shoot up his school, writing, among other things:

“The first victim has to be a pretty girl with a future so she can suffer like me,” and, “I will kill everyone I f—— see”

“I have fully mentally lost it after years of fighting with my dark side. My parents won’t listen to me about help or a therapist.”

In the journal, he also apologized to his parents for what he was about to do:

“I’m sorry for this, Mom and Dad. I’m not trying to hurt you by doing this. I have to do this … I love you, Mom. I love you, Dad.”

In his final entry, he wrote in large, bold letters: “Forgive me.”

The Crumbleys say they never knew of the journal’s entries until after the shooting. When they heard them in court, they hung their heads and wept.

Contact Tresa Baldas: [email protected]

This article originally appeared on Detroit Free Press: Michigan Supreme Court won’t hear case of James, Jennifer Crumbley

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How can a tax calculator simplify your tax filing process?



Tax filing season can be a stressful time for many people. There’s a lot of paperwork to gather, and the tax code can be complex and confusing. However, a tax calculator app can help to simplify the tax filing process and make it less stressful.

Here are some of the ways that a tax calculator app can simplify your tax filing process:

  • Accurate calculations: A tax calculator app assist you to to appropriately calculate your taxes, deliberating all of your applicable income, deductions, and credit. This will let you to keep away from overpaying your taxes or making steeply-priced errors in your tax go back.
  • Easy to apply interface: Tax calculator apps are generally clean to apply and navigate, even for people without a tax revel in. This makes it easy to calculate your taxes and prepare your tax go back while not having to lease a professional tax preparer.
  • Convenience: Tax calculator apps are available from everywhere with a web connection. This approach that you could calculate your taxes at your convenience, from anywhere in the international.
  • Speed: Tax calculator apps can calculate your taxes in seconds, saving you time and trouble.
  • Tax making plans: Tax calculator apps also can assist you to plot your taxes and make informed choices approximately your finances. For example, you could use a tax calculator app to look how one of a kind tax deductions and credits will affect your tax liability.

In addition to these standard blessings, some tax calculator apps also provide capabilities which can make the tax filing manner even less complicated, together with:

  • Tax audit practice: Some tax calculator apps can help you to prepare for a tax audit by using reviewing your tax go back for capacity errors and omissions.
  • Tax coaching assistance: Some tax calculator apps can offer step-by way of-step commands and assistance with finishing complex tax forms.
  • Electronic tax submitting: Some tax calculator apps will let you to electronically file your tax return, saving you time and trouble.

Overall, a tax calculator app can be a precious device for taxpayers of all ranges of enjoy. By simplifying the tax filing procedure and making it extra efficient, tax calculator apps can assist taxpayers to save money and time.

Here are a few suggestions for selecting a tax calculator app:

  • Look for a comprehensive tax calculator app that can calculate all sorts of taxes, including profits tax, income tax, and property tax.
  • Choose an app with an smooth-to-use interface and accurate tax calculations.
    Make certain the app is up to date regularly with the cutting-edge tax laws and regulations.
  • Consider the usage of an app that offers additional capabilities which include tax audit preparation, tax education help, and digital tax submitting.

By following those guidelines, you could pick a tax calculator app that will help you to simplify your tax submitting procedure and make it less annoying.

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Live match blog – India vs Australia Final 2023/24 – Cricket Insights



Live match blog - India vs Australia Final 2023/24 - Cricket Insights

Australia need 241! That’s the same total England and New Zealand made in the 2019 final.

The key to bowling on a slow pitch is to keep to your discipline and limit the damage. Australia chose to bowl knowing the margin of error was less than zero. They came face to face with that when Rohit Sharma was going bonkers at the start. And they survived it because their fielding has been unreal.

Travis Head pulled off a catch that may well rival the one Kapil Dev took in 1983.

India went 97 balls without a boundary; they managed just four since the end of the 10th over. They thought they were consolidating. But in came Pat Cummins, dismissing Virat Kohli. He is the first fast bowler to complete his full 10 overs in this World Cup and not concede a boundary. Later Mitchell Starc found reverse swing. In the knockouts he’s taken six wickets at an average of 14.

Adam Zampa saw the pitch being slow and he too took pace off, going down to 84 kph once. He gave away just one four in his 10 overs. Australia sized up the conditions and responded to them perfectly.

Head and David Warner and Cummins and Zampa were saving boundaries all over the place. The field placements were excellent too. They had an offside sweeper out for Rohit because they guessed he would try to hit them off their lines and lengths by making room to the leg side. They had deep third man very fine to Suryakumar Yadav because his V is behind the wicket, not in front, and along with that gave him no pace to play his ramps and scoops.

This game, if they win it, and there’s still a long way to go, especially if there’s no dew, was made back in the drawing board.

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Tim Henman suggests Carlos Alcaraz is the greatest of all-time in one key area



Carlos Alcaraz in action

We may be a little too early to suggest Carlos Alcaraz could get into the discussion over who is the greatest male player of all time, but the Spaniad is certainly excelling in one key area.

Having lost his opening match to Alexander Zverev, Alcaraz knew only victory over previously unbeaten Medvedev would be enough to qualify for the semi-finals.

He achieved the feat in style, wrapping up a 6-4 6-4 victory to join the Russian in the last four on his debut in Turin.

Alcaraz’s superior sets record means he tops the group and will face Djokovic in a rematch of their unforgettable Wimbledon final, while Medvedev meets fourth seed Jannik Sinner, the only player yet to lose a match.

It was an impressive performance from Alcaraz after he lost his first match of the event against Alexander Zverev, as he continued an alarming slump in form that started with a defeat against Medvedev at the US Open.

Now the 20-year-old Spaniard is roaring back to his best, with his win against Andrey Rublev backed up by a victory against his great friend Medvedev.

During his commentary stint on the Alcaraz vs Medvedev match, former British No 1 Henman suggested the young Spaniard has separated himself from the greatest players the game has ever seen with his movement on the court.

“Is he the best mover to have ever played the game?” asked Henman.

“There have been some phenomenal movers, but from where I am sitting, I haven’t seen many quicker.

“We have had some great movers in the sport, but Alcaraz is right up there.

“There have been plenty of great movers in tennis, but his flexibility and control at the end of it is exceptional. His movement is just phenomenal.”

Novak Djokovic fans will argue their man has redefined how to move on a tennis court in the modern era, with his ability to slide on hard courts and contort his body into unnatural positions a skill that has helped him dominate the men’s game.

Roger Federer was also a divine mover when he was at his best, with his graceful presence on the court giving the impression that he was moving through the gears with relentless ease.

Rafael Nadal has also been a remarkable mover, with his dominance on clay courts helped by his sliding ability that has taken the sport on that surface to a while new level.

Now Henman may have started the ball rolling on a movement debate that will have no definitive answer, with Alcaraz admitting his movement was a big issue as he tried to find his feet on grass this summer.

The young Spaniard struggled on the surface in his first match at The Queen’s Club tournament in June, but quickly master the art of moving on grass as he lifted the trophy at that event and then went on to win Wimbledon.

“The most difficult part is to move well on grass,” said Alcaraz. “You need to be more careful than other surfaces, so for me to move on grass is the most difficult.

“The most comfortable (thing) is going to the net and playing aggressively all the time. For me it is similar to other surfaces with my style. Playing that style is comfortable and I like it.

“There are a lot of players who slice on grass. I am not one of them, so I have to think about the movement. I have to be focused on every movement and shot. For me it is more tiring when you are moving on grass. It is totally different, so you have to be really specific.”

Alcaraz’s youthful body allows him to be dynamic on court and that helps his movement, with the genius he can display on court helped by his ability to get to the ball quicker than his rivals.

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