Dr. Josef Mengele was a German Schutzstaffel (SS) doctor who was in charge of the medical group at the Auschwitz death camp where Jews were taken for annihilation. He was nicknamed the ‘Holy Messenger of Death’ as he tortured and killed thousands of men, ladies, and children.
He subjected his casualties to horrible trials utilizing drugs, pressure chambers, blood bondings, mutilations, freezing chambers, lethal germs, sex change tasks, removal of organs, and medical procedures without managing anesthesia.
He was barbarous to the children who arrived at the Auschwitz death camp, and not many survived the horrors that were perpetrated on them. He murdered numerous children by analyzing them into pieces in the wake of leading examinations on them.
He injected chemicals into the eyes of the children to change the shade of their eyes, stitched twin children together, and removed their organs and appendages by surgical procedures without utilizing any anesthetic.
Individuals who arrived at the Auschwitz inhumane imprisonment couldn’t make out the shrewd that lay underneath this smooth looking Nazi doctor. He was never arrested notwithstanding the endeavors of the West German government and eluded catch for a very long time.
Childhood and Early Life
Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911, in Gunzburg, Bavaria, German Empire. His father Karl Mengele was a cultivating gear producer and his mother was Walburga Hupfauer.
He was the oldest among Karl’s three children. The other two were Karl Jr. and Alois.
He finished high school in April 1930 and proceeded to consider medicine at the ‘Goethe University’ in Frankfurt.
He also studied philosophy at the ‘College of Munich.’
He earned his Ph.D. in physical anthropology from the ‘College of Munich’ in 1935.
Josef Mengele Career
Josef Mengele joined the ‘Foundation for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene,’ Frankfurt in January 1937 as a collaborator to Dr. Otmar von Verschuer who was celebrated for his research on twins.
In 1937, he joined the ‘Nazi Party.’ In 1938, he got his medical degree and joined the ‘SS’ the exact year.
He was drafted into the military in 1940 and volunteered to join the medical help of the ‘Waffen-SS.’ During the late spring of 1940, he turned into the medical master of ‘RuSHA’ or ‘Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt’ at their ‘Central Immigration Office,’ situated in North East Posen.
Afterward, he served on the Eastern Front while filling in as a medical officer with the ‘Wiking Division’ of the ‘SS Pioneer Battalion V.’
He was wounded in a battle and returned to Germany in January 1943 to join the ‘Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Genetics, and Eugenics.’
He was promoted to the position of SS-Captain in April 1943.
He was transferred to Auschwitz on May 30, 1943, under post physician SS-Captain Dr. Eduard Wirths.
As a medical officer, he was given the duty of caring for the ‘Vagabond camp’ at Birkenau in the spring of 1943.
A long time after the liquidation of this camp, Mengele was appointed as the chief camp physician of Auschwitz II or Birkenau in November 1943.
He was liable for choosing the individuals who were taken to the gas chambers for eradication. He also chose the individuals who were allowed to live as workers.
He had already been directing tests on twins since the 1930s. At Auschwitz, he got the permit to play out such horrible and anguishing probes of the Jewish and Gypsy twins.
Josef Mengele also conducted investigates heterochromia. He injected chemicals into the eyes of numerous children to change the shade of the irises artificially.
He also conducted probes ‘Noma’ which is a sort of gangrene that decimates the tissues and mucous layer of the mouth.
He often forced the trained medical staff accessible among the detainees to accomplish his grimy work. One model is Dr. Miklos Nyiszli who assisted Mengele under pressure in his analyses. This individual recounted his encounters at the camp in the book ‘Auschwitz: A Doctor’s Eyewitness Account’ which was published in the Hungarian language in 1946.
Mengele had hoped to compose a second post-doctoral thesis with the goal that he could turn into a professor at some German college, at the end of the day failed to do as such.
He fled from Auschwitz on January 17, 1945, shortly before the ‘Soviet Army’ troops arrived at the camp.
Josef Mengele put in half a month at the Gross-Rosen inhumane imprisonment and then advanced westwards when this camp too was evacuated.
He was captured by the American soldiers. However, he was released by them as they didn’t have the foggiest idea about his way of life as a war criminal.
He worked as a farmhand in Rosenheim, Bavaria from the mid-year of 1945 to the spring of 1949.
Josef Mengele migrated to South America with the help of his prosperous family and settled close to Buenos Aires in Argentina.
The West German government provided a capture warrant against him in 1959 and requested the administration of Argentina to remove him in 1960.
He moved to Paraguay in 1959 and then to Brazil in 1960 in the wake of hearing the news that Adolf Eichmann had been arrested by the Israeli insight ‘Mossad.’
Josef Mengele lived close to Sao Paolo for the remainder of his life. He drowned when he suffered a stroke while swimming at a retreat in Bertioga, Brazil in 1979.
His mortal remaining parts were buried in a Sao Paolo suburb. His burial name was changed from Josef Mengele to Wolfgang Gerhard.
The German police tracked his grave in 1985, exhumed the body, and conducted a criminological test to decide the personality of the body.
A DNA test in 1992 confirmed that the exhumed body was indeed his.
Personal Life and Legacy
Josef Mengele got married to Irene Schönbein in 1939 and they got separated in 1954.
He then got married to Martha Mengele (widow of his brother Karl) in 1958.
Josef Mengele drowned in a pool on February 7, 1979.