Maya Angelou was an American artist, social equality dissident, and writer. She is known for distributing seven autobiographies that narrative her childhood and young encounters. Maya confronted a lot of homegrown crises as a youngster.
At the youthful age of eight, she was sexually mishandled by her mother’s sweetheart. While growing up, she didn’t have a spot to settle down and needed to venture out to numerous spots alongside her older brother. Despite having a troublesome childhood and youthfulness, she didn’t let her soul to be broken.
She began working as a taxi driver and then turned into an artist and vocalist. Before long, she took in a few dialects while on a tour to Europe and demonstrated keen revenue in English writing.
Maya Angelou befriended set up African-American scholars who inspired her to seek after composition as a career. Maya distributed her first autobiography ‘I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings’ at 41 years old. The book got positive audits and she progressively turned into a setup author.
She likewise acted in musicals, taken a stab at coordinating motion pictures, and even composed and created a narrative. She is likewise known for her women’s activist convictions, as referenced in her renowned sonnet ‘Marvelous Woman.’ Since she had lobbied for some worthy missions, her death was grieved by numerous acclaimed individuals.
Childhood and Early Life
Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Annie Johnson on April 4, 1928, in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, to Bailey, a porter and naval force dietician, and Vivian Johnson, an attendant, and card hand. Marguerite had an older brother, Bailey Jr., and the two lived with their folks till the previous was three years of age.
At the point when their folks isolated, the kin was shipped off the town of Stamps, Arkansas, where they lived for some time with Annie Henderson, their fatherly grandmother. Even though the nation was confronting a major monetary emergency (The Great Depression) at that point, Annie was monetarily solid, being the proprietor of a market.
During the 1930s, their father Bailey took them back to St. Louis and left them with their mother Vivian. Here, Maya was sexually mishandled by her mother’s new accomplice Freeman.
Maya told her brother about the maltreatment, and Bailey Jr. told the remainder of the family. Freeman was captured for a day, after which he was delivered. In any case, he was discovered murdered following a couple of days. Even though the killer was rarely discovered, it was guessed that the kids’ uncles took vengeance.
Following this incident, Maya censured herself for the murder and lost her voice for very nearly five years. Maya and her brother got back to Stamps, to their grandmother’s home.
In Stamps, the young lady was tutored by Mrs. Bertha Flowers, who acquainted the previous with works of creators like Dickens and Shakespeare. She likewise acquainted her with the works of black ladies journalists like Frances Harper and Jessie Fauset.
At 14 years old, Maya and her brother began living with their mother in Oakland, where she sought after her optional training at ‘California Labor School.’ She likewise started working as a taxi driver, turning into the principal black lady to work as a taxi driver at 16 years old.
Maya Angelou Career
In the early-1950s, she started to develop an interest in the move and began moving to San Francisco. Hence, she got to know renowned entertainers like Ruth Beckford and Alvin Ailey. For quite a while, Maya exhibited her skills as an artist at different associations, collaborating with Alvin.
Maya Angelou then went to New York City trying to prepare under African move instructor Pearl Primus. She prepared for a year, and then returned to San Francisco.
In 1954, she began moving in different clubs, including the renowned ‘Purple Onion,’ to procure a living. Till then, she was known as Marguerite or Rita, however, she before long changed her name to Maya Angelou as it fit her profession.
From 1954 to 1955, she toured Europe, going with the group of the melodic ‘Porgy and Bess.’ During her stay in Europe, she made an honest effort to gain proficiency with the dialects of the spots that she visited.
In 1951, Maya Angelou married Greek circuit repairman, previous mariner, and hopeful performer Tosh Angelos. She married him despite the condemnation of interracial connections at that point and the dissatisfaction about her mother.
In 1957, she delivered her debut collection named ‘Miss Calypso’ in which she had composed and played out her own tunes. She then made an appearance in an off-Broadway survey that roused the 1957 film ‘Calypso Heat Wave.’ In the film, Angelou showed up as herself, playing out her own arrangements.
In 1959, Maya Angelou was acquainted with John Oliver Killens, a famous writer, who affected the previous’ career as an author. On his proposal, she started composing as an individual from the ‘Harlem Writers Guild’ alongside another setup essayists like Rosa Guy, Julian Mayfield, and John Henrik Clarke.
The next year, she had the advantage to meet basic freedoms dissident Martin Luther King Jr. Propelled by his quality, author Killens, and Maya held a melodic program named ‘Cabaret for Freedom.’ The show was intended to finance the ‘Southern Christian Leadership Conference’ (SCLC).
Roused by Martin Luther King, Jr., and Cuban socialist leader Fidel Castro, she started crusading for basic freedoms and anti-apartheid ideals.
�In 1961, the author vocalist took a stab at acting by acting in a play named ‘The Blacks’ by French essayist Jean Genet. She was joined by other African-American actors like Cicely Tyson, James Earl Jones, Roscoe Lee Brown, and Abbey Lincoln.
During a similar time, she was likewise utilized by ‘The Arab Observer’ for which she worked as an associate editor.
The following year, she headed out to Ghana’s city of Accra and remained there till 1965. During her stay in Accra, she worked at the ‘College of Ghana.’ She additionally worked as an editor for ‘The African Review.’ She likewise outsourced as a contributor to ‘Ghanaian Times’ and ‘Radio Ghana,’ sporadically acting at the ‘Public Theater.’
It was in Ghana that she met social dissident Malcolm X. Hence, she returned to the United States to help him in establishing the ‘Association of Afro-American Unity.’ After Malcolm’s murder, she moved to Hawaii to be with her brother. There, she proceeded as a vocalist for quite a while, before making a trip to Los Angeles.
In 1967, Maya Angelou settled down in New York and continued composition. She composed a few plays, in any event, acting in some of them. The exact year, she likewise met her old companions, scholars Rosa Guy and James Baldwin.
Martin Luther King Jr. mentioned Maya’s assistance in organizing a social equality walk in 1968. In any case, before they could arrange the walk, Luther was killed on April 4, the day Maya turned 40.
The exact year, she created a narrative series named ‘Blacks, Blues, Black!’ The narrative, depicting African-Americans’ commitment to blues music, was delivered for the ‘Public Educational Television.’
In 1969, Maya Angelou kept in touch with her first autobiography ‘I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings,’ sharing the encounters of the initial 17 years of her life. The book turned into a moment hit and Angelou got well known as an essayist. After two years, she composed an assortment of sonnets, ‘Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water ‘front IDiiie.’
In 1972, she composed the screenplay for ‘Georgia, Georgia,’ turning into the primary black lady to compose a film content. The next year, she acted alongside Geraldine Page in a Broadway melodic named ‘Look Away.’
Maya’s subsequent autobiography ‘Gather Together in My Name’ was distributed in 1974. Like her first autobiography, the book was gotten well by pundits and fans alike. After two years, she concocted another autobiography named ‘Singin’ and Swingin’ and Gettin’ Merry Like Christmas.’
In 1977, Maya Angelou was projected in ‘Roots,’ a TV series based on Alex Haley’s book of a similar name. The series exhibited the difficulties looked by the African slaves in the eighteenth century. Soon thereafter, she met superstar TV moderator Oprah Winfrey, turning into her companion and guide in the years to come.
During the 1980s, she delivered two additional autobiographies, specifically ‘The Heart of a Woman’ and ‘All God’s Children Require Traveling Shoes.’ The books indeed demonstrated her backbone as an author. She likewise joined the ‘Wake Forest University’ in North Carolina as an instructor under ‘Reynolds Professorship of American Studies,’ conceded to her by the foundation.
Around a similar time, she coordinated ‘Moon,’ a play by Errol John, which was performed at London’s ‘Almeida Theater.’
In 1993, Angelou was welcomed by President Bill Clinton to peruse out her sonnet ‘On the Pulse of Morning’ at his swearing-in service. She turned into the subsequent artist to get such an honor, after Robert Frost’s recitation on the main day of Kennedy’s presidency.
Her next public recitation was in 1995 when she presented her sonnet ‘A Brave and Startling Truth’ at the ‘Joined Nations’ golden jubilee festivities. The next year, Maya Angelou delivered a music collection named ‘Been Found’ in relationship with artists Ashford and Simpson.
In 1998, Maya Angelou turned into the principal African-American lady to coordinate a film. She coordinated ‘Down in the Delta,’ which featured Wesley Snipes and Alfre Woodard.
Her 6th autobiography ‘A Song Flung Up to Heaven,’ which turned out to be very famous with readers, was distributed in 2002. The very decade, she delivered two cookbooks, ‘Hallelujah! The Welcome Table’ and ‘Incredible Food, All Day Long: Cook Splendidly, Eat Smart.’
She likewise included herself in the presidential missions of Hilary Clinton and Barack Obama. In 2011, she was named as a consultant by the ‘Martin Luther King, Jr. Commemoration,’ Washington, D.C. After two years, Maya delivered her last autobiography ‘Mother and Me and Mom’ which investigates the essayist’s bond with her mother.
This renowned author is known for her autobiography ‘I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings’ which was distributed in 1969. The book abuses Angelou’s life to touch upon subjects like sexual misuse, identity emergency, and education of ladies in a male-overwhelmed society.
The book was picked as one of the contenders in 1970 for the ‘Public Book Award’ in the United States.
Awards and Achievements
In 1971, Angelou was assigned for the ‘Pulitzer Prize’ for her book ‘Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water ‘front IDiiie.’ after two years, she got a ‘Tony Award’ designation for her presentation in the Broadway ‘Look Away.’
From 1994 to 1996, this essayist was awarded the ‘Grammy’ on two events under the ‘Best Spoken Word Album’ class for her sonnets ‘On the Pulse of Morning’ and ‘Remarkable Woman.’
In 2000, Maya Angelou got the ‘Public Medal of Arts,’ the most noteworthy honor introduced to a craftsman by the administration of the United States of America.
After three years, she won another ‘Grammy’ for ‘A Song Flung Up to Heaven’ under the ‘Best Spoken Word Album’ classification.
This well known dissident author was awarded the ‘Lincoln Medal’ and ‘Presidential Medal of Freedom’ during the 2000s. Maya Angelou additionally got privileged degrees from more than 50 instructive organizations.
Personal Life and Legacy
At the point when she was 17 years of age, she brought forth a kid whom she named Clyde. Later on, Clyde changed his name to Guy Johnson. Like his mother, he is additionally a fruitful author.
In 1951, Maya Angelou got married to Tosh Angelos, a Greek mariner. She was married to him for very nearly three years.
For a concise timeframe during the 1960s, Maya was enamored with Vusumzi Make, a South African political dissident, and lived with him in Cairo.
In 1973, Maya Angelou got married to a craftsman named Paul du Feu, who was recently married to women’s activist Germaine Greer. The couple isolated after very nearly eight years of marriage.
On May 28, 2014, Maya Angelou died. Her memorial service administrations were held at the ‘Mount Zion Baptist Church,’ Winston-Salem, and ‘Stand by Chapel,’ on the premises of ‘Wake Forest University.’ The administration was attended by prominent personalities like Oprah Winfrey, Bill Clinton, and Michelle Obama.
A stamp containing the statement “A fledgling doesn’t sing because it has an answer, it sings because it has a tune” was given by the ‘US Postal Service’ to respect this splendid African-American women’s activist artist and vocalist. The statement is often mistaken to be hers, while it is really artist Joan Walsh Anglund’s statement.
Sylvia Plath Networth
Sylvia Plath has been hailed as one of the most prestigious and compelling artists of the 20th century. Born in the United States of America in the early 1930s, she has been credited with propelling the class of confession booth verse. She was additionally similarly acclaimed for her short stories and novel.
She began composing early in her life and had her first sonnet distributed at eight years old, her first public publication at eighteen years old, and was chosen a visitor editor of ‘Mademoiselle’ at twenty. Nonetheless, she neglected to acknowledge rejections solidly and at the age of 23 ineffectively attempted to end it all.
Nonetheless, she effectively finished her examinations and went to England, where he met and married Ted Hughes. They initially lived in the US, yet later got back to England, where she kept on composing.
She had her first book of sonnets distributed at the age of 28. This was true, one of the main two books that were distributed in her lifetime; all others were distributed after her suicide at thirty years old.
Childhood and Early Life
Sylvia Plath was born on October 27, 1932, in Boston, Massachusetts. Her father, Otto Emil Plath, was a professor of biology at Boston University. Initially from Germany, he worked broadly on honey bees and got well known for his 1934 book, ‘Honey bees and Their Ways.’
Her mother, Aurelia Frances Plath (née Schober), was a student of Otto Plath at the Boston University. It is accepted that she changed her husband’s specialized content, making ‘Honey bees and Their Ways’ reasonable for general readers. Sylvia was the eldest of her folks’ two youngsters.
In 1936, the family left Boston for Winthrop. Here on November 5, 1940, just a couple of weeks after Sylvia’s eighth birthday celebration, Otto Plath passed on from confusion emerging out of diabetes. Sylvia found the death a kind of selling out by her father.
Shocked by her father’s death, Sylvia Plath stopped trusting in God. To adapt to her sorrow, she discovered comfort recorded as a hard copy. In 1941, not long after her father’s death, she had her first sonnet distributed in the kids’ segment of the ‘Boston Herald.’
In 1942, the family moved to Wellesley, Massachusetts. Here Aurelia started instructing at Boston University while Sylvia was admitted to Bradford Senior High School (presently Wellesley High School) in the fifth grade.
At the point when she turned eleven she started composing journals, a propensity she kept up for the duration of her life. Side by side, she kept composing sonnets, huge numbers of which were distributed in nearby papers and magazines.
Her first article to be distributed in a public paper was ‘Youth’s Appeal for World Peace’; it turned out in the 16 March 1950 release of ‘Christian Science Monitor.’From that time, her work started to show up routinely indifferent public papers.
In the wake of moving on from school in 1950, she entered Smith College (Northampton) on a grant where she majored in English. She was an extraordinarily brilliant student and before long turned into the editor of ‘The Smith Review.’
In 1952, Sylvia Plath won Mademoiselle’s school fiction challenge for her story, ‘Sunday at the Mintons.’ Later in 1953, she was chosen as a visitor editor of the magazine and went through the period of June working in New York.
During this period, she botched an opportunity of meeting the Welsh artist Dylan Thomas who she incredibly respected. At some point now she likewise discovered that she had been denied admission to an essayists’ class at Harvard summer school. These incidents depressed her so much that she began carrying on unusually.
Along these lines, Sylvia Plath got back to Wellesley and gradually her depression turned out to be intense to the point that she was unable to focus on her examinations. Her mother took her to a therapist who recommended electric shocks, however, the circumstance didn’t improve.
Disregarding the way that Mademoiselle’s August issue highlighted a few of her articles, including her sonnet ‘Distraught Girl’s Love Song’, she started to feel that she had failed. On August 24, 1953, she made her first suicide endeavor.
She held up till everyone left the house, then she broke the lock of the medication box and took out the sleeping pills, and left a note saying she had gone out for a long walk. She then entered a creep space and devoured forty sleeping pills.
Luckily, Sylvia Plath was found alive in time. She went through the following a half year in mental consideration, which was supported by the American author and writer Olive Higgins Prouty. By April 1954, she had recouped enough to continue composing. At some point now she additionally returned to school.
Sylvia Plath presented her thesis, ‘The Magic Mirror: A Study of the Double in Two of Dostoyevsky’s Novels’ in January 1955 and moved on from Smith with most noteworthy honors in June 1955. Thereafter, she went to England to learn at Newnham College under Cambridge University on a Fulbright grant.
While there, Plath kept composing sonnets, distributing them in the student paper ‘Varsity.’ In 1956, she married Ted Hughes, then a growing English artist; however, kept it a mystery until the finish of her course.
Sylvia Plath Career
In June 1957, Sylvia Plath got back to the USA, alongside Hughes. In July, she started to work on a novel that she had begun in Cambridge, yet was before long disappointed at the moderate movement of its encouraging. In September, she joined Smith College as an employee.
Sadly, the job left her with a brief period and energy for composing. This too added to her disappointment and she lost the desire to compose. Interestingly, Ted turned out to be more effective recorded as a hard copy and distribute. Gradually, she started to wonder why she neglected to accomplish her objective yet didn’t quit any pretense of making endeavors.
In 1958, the couple moved to Boston. Here Sylvia Plath started working as a low maintenance secretary at a similar mental ward of Massachusetts General Hospital where she had been treated after her suicide endeavor.
Around this time, her sonnets ‘Mussel Hunter at Rock Harbor’ and ‘Nocturne’ were acknowledged by the esteemed and well-paying magazine,’The New Yorker.’ While this cheerful her, she thought that it was hard to compose and this pushed her to depression again.
From early 1959, Sylvia Plath decided to write in an all the more inward style, attempting to depict her own contemplations. At some point now, she likewise selected at the composing class directed by Robert Lowell. In the long run, she started to have her works imprinted in ‘Harper’s, ‘The Spectator’, and the ‘Times Literary Supplement.’
In June 1959, Sylvia Plath and her husband left for an excursion across America and Canada, visiting a few spots, eventually settling at the Yaddo craftsman province in Saratoga Springs, New York State, in September. But Plath was pregnant with their first youngster around then and so they left for England in December.
In February 1960, Plath marked an agreement with the British distributer Heinemann for the publication of her first book of sonnets: ‘The Colossus and Other Poems.’ It was distributed in October and got ga reat, yet restricted review. Soon from that point forward, Plath started thinking of her semi-autobiographical novel, ‘The Bell Jar.’
In February 1961, Plath’s subsequent pregnancy ended in premature delivery. She was profoundly baffled and this was reflected in a considerable lot of her sonnets, including ‘Parliament Hill Fields.’ In August 1961, she wrapped up composing ‘The Bell Jar.’
In January 1962, Sylvia Plath brought forth her subsequent kid, and in July she found that Hughes was taking part in an extramarital entanglement with another lady. This resentful her deeply and in an attack of desperation, she consumed the main original copy of her subsequent novel, a continuation of ‘The Bell Jar.’
Sylvia Plath isolated from Hughes in September 1962. From the earliest starting point of October, she started composing again, attempting to invalidate the torment of her division with composing. From October 11 to November 4, she delivered 25 sonnets, which were later hailed as the best in her career.
At some point now, Hughes returned to pack up his things and before he left, he told her how he loathed living with her. Even though hurt, she kept on composing energetically and from November, she started to organize them in composition structure. It would later be distributed as ‘Ariel’, yet she would not live to see that.
In January 1963, her solitary novel ‘The Bell Jar’ was distributed under the nom de plume ‘Victoria Lucas.’ Soon from that point forward, she started working on another novel, ‘Twofold Exposure’; yet her last work never observed the light of the day and its original copy disappeared at some point in 1970.
Sylvia Plath is best associated with ‘Ariel’, a book of sonnets distributed after death in 1965. The sonnets, composed during the last period of her life, shook her readers and acquired her the acclaim she had been longing for her entire life. Today numerous pundits describe it as the start of another development.
Awards and Achievements
In1982, Sylvia Plath was after death awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her book ‘The Collected Poems.’The sonnets were gathered by Ted Hughes and distributed in 1981.
Personal Life and Legacy
On June 16, 1956, Sylvia Plath married Ted Hughes. The couple had two children; F Frieda and Nicholas. While Friedagrew up to be an artist and a painter, Nicholas turned into a specialist in stream salmonid biology.
In September 1962 Hughes left her for another lady and Plath turned out to be depressed. By January 1963, the weather turned out to be awfully cold, and kept at home with no phone, her depression expanded to a disturbing level. Even though she had been counseling therapists, the circumstance didn’t improve.
In the early morning of February 11, 1963, Plath put some bread and milk in the kids’ room and then closed their entryway with tape. She then locked herself in the kitchen and put her head in the stove with the gas turned on, in this way ending it all. Her body was found soon thereafter.
In 2012, The United States Postal Service presented a postage stamp including Sylvia Plath.
Sylvia Plath death offered rise to another term in psychiatry called ‘The Sylvia Plath impact’; it was instituted in 2001 by analyst James C. Kaufman and alludes to
Rabindranath Tagore Networth
Rabindranath Tagore was an Indian polymath, poet, artist, artist, and Ayurveda-researcher. One of the most respected poets of India, Tagore inspired numerous when the country was experiencing a wild period during the British rule.
One of the most generally acclaimed wordsmiths of India, Tagore was often hailed as ‘Gurudev’ or the poet of poets. Thanks to the sheer brilliance of his narratives and incommensurable poetic flair, he etched an indelible impression on the brains of his readers.
A child prodigy, Tagore showed a penchant for literature, art, and music from a very youthful age. At the appropriate time of time, he produced an extraordinary collection of work that changed the essence of Indian literature.
Rabindranath Tagore was not just a mere poet or writer; he was the harbinger of another era of literature and was thus considered a cultural ambassador of India. Indeed, even today, he lives in the hearts of the people of Bengal who are forever obligated to him for enriching their heritage.
He was the most admired Indian writer who introduced India’s rich cultural heritage to the West. He is likewise the first non-European to be honored with the prestigious ‘Nobel Prize.’
Childhood and Early Life
Rabindranath Tagore was born Robindronath Thakur on 7 May 1861, in Calcutta, British India, to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. He was the most youthful of 13 children in the family. His father was a great Hindu philosopher and one of the founders of a religious development called ‘Brahmo Samaj.’
Nicknamed ‘Rabi,’ Tagore was very youthful when his mother kicked the bucket. Since his father was away more often than not, he was raised by homegrown workers.
The Tagores were ardent art lovers. They were known throughout Bengal for their strong impact on Bengali culture and literature. Having been born in such a family, he was introduced to the world of theater, music (both regional people and Western), and literature at an early age.
When Rabindranath Tagore was 11, he accompanied his father on a tour across India. While on this journey, he read the works of renowned writers, including Kalidasa, a celebrated Classical Sanskrit poet. Upon his return, he composed a long poem in the Maithili style in 1877.
In 1878, he moved to Brighton, East Sussex, England, to examine the law. He went to the ‘University College London’ for some time, following which he started examining the works of Shakespeare. He returned to Bengal in 1880 without a degree. He then aspired to intertwine the components of Bengali and European traditions in his literary works.
In 1882, Rabindranath Tagore wrote one of his most acclaimed poems, ‘Nirjharer Swapnabhanga.’
Kadambari, one of his sisters-in-law, was his dear friend and associate. She ended it all in 1884. Crushed by this episode, he skipped classes at school and spent the vast majority of his time swimming in the Ganges and trekking through the hills.
Popularity and International Recognition
In 1890, while on a visit to his ancestral bequest in Shelaidaha, he released an assortment of his poems named ‘Manasi.’ The period somewhere in the range of 1891 and 1895 proved to be fruitful, during which he authored a gigantic three-volume assortment of short stories named ‘Galpaguchchha.’
In 1901, he moved to Shantiniketan where he composed ‘Naivedya’ and ‘Kheya,’ published in 1901 and 1906 respectively. By then, several of his works were published and he had increased gigantic popularity among Bengali readers.
In 1912, Rabindranath Tagore went to England and took a sheaf of his translated works with him. In England, he introduced his works to a portion of the prominent writers of that era, including William Butler Yeats, Ezra Pound, Robert Bridges, Ernest Rhys, and Thomas Sturge Moore.
His popularity in English-speaking countries grew complex after the publication of ‘Gitanjali: Song Offerings.’ In 1913, he was awarded the ‘Nobel Prize in Literature.’
In 1915, Rabindranath Tagore was granted knighthood by the British Crown, which he renounced after the 1919 ‘Jallianwala Bagh massacre.’
From May 1916 to April 1917, he remained in Japan and the U.S. where he delivered lectures on ‘Patriotism.’
During the 1920s and 1930s, he traveled widely around the world; visiting Latin America, Europe, and South-East Asia. During his broad tour, he earned a clique following and several admirers.
Tagore’s political standpoint was minimal equivocal. Though he censured imperialism, he supported the continuation of British administration in India.
He criticized the ‘Swadeshi Movement’ by Mahatma Gandhi in his article ‘The Cult of the Charka,’ published in September 1925. He put stock in the conjunction of British and the Indians and expressed that British rule in India was a “political symptom of our social sickness.”
Rabindranath Tagore never supported patriotism and considered it to be perhaps the greatest challenge looked by humanity. In this specific circumstance, he once said “A country is that aspect which a whole population accepts when organized for a mechanical purpose.”
Nevertheless, he periodically supported the ‘Indian Independence Movement.’ He even renounced his knighthood on 30 May 1919 after the ‘Jallianwala Bagh massacre.’
On the whole, his vision of a free India was based not on its independence from the foreign rule, but rather on the liberty of thought, activity, and soul of its residents.
Themes of His Works
Though he is more well known as a poet, Tagore was a similarly decent short-story writer, lyricist, author, playwright, writer, and painter.
Rabindranath Tagore poems, stories, melodies, and books provide an insight into the general public rife with religious and social principles and pervaded with sick practices, such as child marriage. He likewise denounced the possibility of a patriarchal society.
While reading his works, one will surely run over a typical theme, for example, nature. As a child, Tagore spent the greater part of his time in nature which had a deep-situated effect on him. It taught a feeling of freedom, which empowered him to avoid the typical cultural customs prevalent in those days.
However, Rabindranath Tagore never distanced himself from the harsh realities of life. He observed the general public around him which was weighed somewhere near rigid customs and norms and plagued by orthodoxy. His criticism of cultural doctrines is the underlying theme of the greater part of his works.
Rabindranath Tagore Major Works
‘Gitanjali,’ an assortment of poems, is considered his best poetic accomplishment. It is written in traditional Bengali lingo and comprises 157 poems. These poems are based on themes about nature, spirituality, and the intricacy of (human) feelings and pathos.
A proficient songwriter, Tagore composed 2,230 tunes which are often referred to as ‘Rabindra Sangeeth.’ He likewise wrote the public anthem of India—’Jana Gana Mana’— and the public anthem of Bangladesh—’Aamaar Sonaar Bangla’— for which both countries will forever be obligated to him.
‘Galpaguchchha,’ an assortment of 80 stories, is his most popular short story assortment. It revolves around the lives of the rural people of Bengal. The stories generally manage the subjects of poverty, illiteracy, marriage, gentility, and so on and enjoy enormous popularity even today.
Awards and Achievements
For his momentous and revolutionary literary works, Tagore was honored with the ‘Nobel Prize in Literature’ on 14 November 1913.
Rabindranath Tagore was granted a knighthood in 1915, which he renounced in 1919 after the ‘Jallianwala Bagh massacre.’
In 1940, ‘Oxford University’ honored him with a Doctorate of Literature in a special ceremony arranged at Shantiniketan.
Personal Life and Legacy
Tagore married Mrinalini Devi in 1883 and fathered five children. Tragically, his wife passed away in 1902. To add to his grief, two of his daughters, Renuka and Samindranath, passed on in 1903 and 1907 respectively.
He turned out to be physically feeble during the most recent couple of years of his life. He left for the heavenly house on 7 August 1941, at 80 years old.
Tagore has affected a generation of writers across the globe. He has impacted people far past the boundaries of India and his works have been translated into numerous dialects, including English, Dutch, German, and Spanish.
This venerated poet and author is the first non-European to win a ‘Nobel Prize in Literature.’
This great Bengali poet was an admirer of Gandhi. He was the person who gave him the honorific ‘Mahatma.’
He is the main poet to have composed public anthems for two countries – India and Bangladesh.
Top 10 Facts You Did Not Know About Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first poem at the tender age of eight!
He hated the instruction framework and dropped out of school in frustration.
Tagore was granted a knighthood by the British Crown in 1915 which he renounced after the 1919 ‘Jallianwala Bagh massacre.’
Rabindranath Tagore revolutionized Indian literature and art, and is credited for starting the ‘Bengal Renaissance Movement.’
He kept up a correspondence with the prominent German researcher Albert Einstein. The two ‘Nobel’ laureates greatly admired each other.
Movie producer Satyajit Ray was deeply impacted by Tagore’s works. The notable train scene in Ray’s ‘Pather Panchali’ was inspired by an episode in Tagore’s ‘Chokher Bali.’
Rabindranath Tagore was a prolific composer with over 2,000 melodies to his credit.
While it is regular information that Tagore wrote the public anthems of India and Bangladesh, scarcely any realize that Sri Lanka’s public anthem is based on a Bengali melody originally written by Tagore in 1938.
Tagore took up drawing and painting at 60 years old, and proceeded to hold several fruitful exhibitions throughout Europe!
Rabindranath Tagore was a broadly traveled man and had visited more than 30 countries in five mainlands.